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Madrid
Madrid
#About the Spanish Capital and the Third Largest City in Europe

Madrid lies in the heart of the Iberian Peninsula, at the foot of the Sierra de Guadarama mountain range. It is the capital of Spain, at a height of 646 meters above sea level and is the highest capital in Europe. Madrid is also one of the largest cities in the continent.

This city is a combination of ancient tradition and constant renewal. It has an architectural mix of medieval buildings and the construction of a traditional empire, with fascist monuments from the dictatorship that ruled it, in the face of exciting buildings designed by the modern superstructure. And by the way, there is no city in Europe with more trees than Madrid!

Madrid is a fascinating story of a city reborn with the death of Spanish dictator General Franco in 1975. The social-cultural "birth" movement, which was born at the time, led the liberation from the dictatorship and was the accelerating force that led to a burst of creativity in the various arts and culture of the entire city. Then came the young face, the rebellious and non-establishment side of the city, the one attracting young tourists from all over the world.

Indeed, Madrid is a city of many styles and faces, whose inhabitants, are full of joie de vivre, very kind and warm to visitors. The saying here is that "if you are in Madrid, then you are from Madrid!"

Here you can choose from crowd-bustling soccer temples to the world's most fascinating art museums, listen to Spanish flamenco music or dance in new clubs with 21st-century music. Here you can eat tapas bars with lots of small dishes or dine in the city's renowned food markets.

See all the city attractions by clicking on the tag "Madrid".


#When to Visit?

Madrid is hot in summer and really cold in winter, therefore spring, April-June is the perfect time to visit, and in the fall September-October. The hotel prices are the most expensive during these times,


#Public Transportation in Madrid

Transportation in the city is easy to use and not expensive.

The metro is comfortable, efficient and comes frequently, cheap, and goes around the whole city. It operates between 6 am to 2 am.

The buses operate from 2 am to 11:30 pm.

There are plenty of taxis but they are more expensive.


#Communication

You can buy a local SIM in the Calleo stores. 3 GB costs only 5 euros.


#Food

The restaurants in Madrid are great, but no less so are the great tapas bars, with the small, tasty and inexpensive tapas. Madrid has a very strong and successful scene in the vibrant food markets, which are excellent in terms of the food sold in them. Because here, if you want to eat excellent Spanish and international food and fresh - you will likely find yourself often in the city's wonderful markets.

Spanish cuisine is full of good and rich food. Between the Tortilla Spaniola, a kind of Spanish omelet and a little sweet, the Phedron, the same spicy Spanish pepper and the Pattatas Bravas, which is the Spanish fries, the most noteworthy hits in the Spanish kitchen are:

Tapas, the small and varied dishes that usually accompany the tapas to the fullness. The recommended tapas bars of Madrid is the La Latina neighborhood.

Paella - A pan with rice stew, vegetables, and seafood, or meat.

Churros - long donuts with sugar for dessert, which are used in the morning to dip in chocolate, a thick hot chocolate drink that does not replace coffee.

Pan Tomaque - bread with tomato. This is the simplest and typical breakfast, but most delicious: half a baked baguette topped with fresh tomato, olive oil, salt pepper and that's it.

Sangria - the great alcoholic drink, with a martini touch, a teaspoon of sugar and plenty of ice, soda, oranges, and lemons.

Aperol Spritz - look for this drink, it is a must try!

Spanish delicacies Worth Trying:

https://youtu.be/UZwrSgBOTpE


#Savings

In restaurants - in the dining section they ate the big meal at noon when the restaurants were significantly cheaper than dinner.

Business Meal - Find out if there is a business lunch in a restaurant (menu del dia), in Madrid will cost about 12 euros on weekdays, for something like 2 dishes and a glass of wine.

City Pass card - Buy the Madrid City Pass card, which offers many benefits, free airport shuttle, city tour by tourist bus, free entrance and no tour to the Prado Museum and a free tour of the home stadium of the Real Madrid football team, the Santiago Bernabeu, it also has a 20% discount on Madrid's top attractions.

Supermarket - Aldi and Lidl chains are cheap but offer mainly basic products, the Caprabo network is less expensive but varied.

Public transportation - Buy a ten-way ticket to traffic in the city.

Bus - a great way to get to know the city.



#Shopping

On the main street of Madrid, Gran Via, you will find satisfaction with the passion for shopping, and the prices here are surprisingly low. There is no shop lover in Madrid that does not function in Madrid, on both sides of which is a dizzying variety of successful fashion stores, including branches of Spanish fashion chains Zara and Paul & Bar.

Cheap and equal stores can also be found on the streets leaving Puerta del Sol, in the direction of the Gran Via, especially on Calle Preciados. Here you will find clothes, shoes, and accessories - at great prices.

Cheap clothes and second-hand clothes will be found on the streets of Fuencarral and Malasana.

Many shopping centers will be found on Calle Orense.

The department store houses in Madrid, the El Corte Inglés or one of the largest Spanish department stores in Europe and one of the largest in the world.

A variety of large shops will be found on Sarrano Street.

See shopping places by clicking on the tag "Shopping in Madrid".

See link below for more recommendations.



#Entertainment

Madrid is a city of entertainment and it's fun to join the locals, who are concentrated in a few places close together. Many people here testify that the coolest neighborhoods, with the most bustling nightlife and entertainment in the city, are Chueca, which is identified with the LGBT community and Malasaña, Madrid's Hipster neighborhood. (Barrio de Malasaña) Have fun with the young Hipsters and Chueca celebrate the liberation with the gay community in Madrid.

But they are not the only ones. Do not dare to visit Madrid without experiencing its nightlife. Apart from the underground atmosphere in the Barrio de Malasaña's rock and punk clubs and Chueca's gay parties, there are also the prestigious clubs of the Barrio de Salamanca, the jazz clubs, the flamenco and the indie rock of the Barrio de Las Letras Barrio de Las Letras). And the trendy bars, with contemporary music, in the Princesa region.

A normal day in Madrid, a city where there are no "early mornings," is a day when its residents wake up slowly, in the late morning, after a night out. Here sleepless nights are the usual nights. Madrid's vibrant Sundays start in the morning, when you go to the flea market, and then pass through the squares of La Latina or Santa Ana from noon to five in the morning.

The Huertas district is for the 20-30-year-olds. The prestigious Salamanca district has the bars and clubs and most of the activities, around the age of 30 plus.

To see the best entertainment spots in the city, click on the tag "Entertainment in Madrid".


#Must See

Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must See in Madrid".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ZRY9zY_AuA



#With Children

Family Vacation? - Click on the tag "Attractions for Children in Madrid".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ruUwmU4fms8



#Food

Looking for an unforgettable meal? - click on the tag, "Must eat in Madrid".


#Tip

In most countries in Europe, since the tip is included in the bill, it is customary to give about 2 euros, no matter the size of the check.




#Spain Country Code

+34


#Electric Outlets

The required types of plugs are Types C, E, and F.


A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/NWBtMK3GsV0


Overview of Madrid:

https://youtu.be/0H_Xa6lbafw
Barcelona
Barcelona
#About the City of Barcelona

Barcelona is the largest port city on the Mediterranean Sea. The number of residents in the metropolitan city is over 3 million people. Barcelona is an abnormal attraction. This city is much more European than other cities in Spanish.

Barcelona is the capital of the Catalonia region. Catalonians are much more liberal, cosmopolitan, and hardworking than the Spanish, and up to today they have kept their unique character, in contrast to the central Spanish authority in Madrid.

The city is very proud of its famous artists and artists. Among them are the artists Picasso and Juan Miro, the city's residents who made a great contribution to the world of art and gained international fame. But no less, the city commemorates and boasts the architectural works of Antoni Gaudi, the famous architect and artist, a city man who loved her so much and left her with countless charming structures, sculptures and spectacular design elements. Gaudi acted in an artistic and architectural style called Modernism. Modernism is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." Although he was not the only one who created in the Modernist style, Gaudi became so identified with i, that from all over the world visitors come to Barcelona to see the houses, the gardens and the art and design that he left behind, all in this style.

Near Barcelona are many beautiful Spanish beaches: Costa Brava, and a short sail away from here you can reach a magical island Palama De Mijorca.



#Must See

Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must See in Barcelona".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ZRY9zY_AuA



#With Children

Family Vacation? - Click on the tag "Attractions for Children in Barcelona".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ruUwmU4fms8



#Food

Looking for an unforgettable meal? - click on the tag, "Must eat in Barcelona".



#Tips

In most countries in Europe, since the tip is included in the bill, it is customary to give about 2 euros, no matter the size of the check.



#Spain Country Code

+34


#Savings

Order lunch from the set menus from the Del Dia restaurant.

The store chains Aldi and Lidl are cheap but offer mostly basic supplies. Caprabo is not as cheap, but has a variety of products.

Public transportation - buy a 10-ride card for trips in the city.

Sites - look at the website of each site, the time when the entrance to the sites are free.

Bus - a wonderful way to get to know Barcelona.



#Shopping

See recommended places for shopping in the city by clicking on the tag "Shopping in Barcelona".


#Entertainment

Many of the tourists who come to Barcelona come to enjoy its great nightlife and clubs. Most of the best clubs are in the La Zona Alta area north of the city center. Outstanding are the excellent Razzmatazz and Barcelona Pacha. Also known are the open dance floor in La Terrrazz, with the beautiful and beautiful of Barcelona, Marula Cafe, in the Gothic and strong bars of young people, the Moog club with techno and electronics, the Cuban Antila BCN, the Ocana starring on weekends, the Sala Apolo with House and Techno and the Jamboree with lots of hip-hop and funk music.

For great places for entertainment in the city, click on the tag "Entertainment in Barcelona".



#Electric Outlets

The required types of plugs are Types C, E, and F.



A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/uOzwwZxjPRs
Plaza de la Lealtad
Plaza de la Lealtad
#About the Square with the Obelisk

Plaza de la Lealtad is a sweet square, where you can come and see the obelisk at the center. This obelisk is dedicated to the victims from the Spanish Revolt against the French forces, that occurred here on May 2, 1808. The obelisk was created in 1840 by Isidro González Velázquez, and it is commemorating all those who gave their lives to Spain.

On the left of the square, you can see the Ritz, the fanciest hotel in Madrid, and maybe in all of Spain.

On the right of the square, there is Madrid's Stock Exchange Building (Bolsa de Comercio), with its impressive facade.


A Closer Look::

https://youtu.be/PBh0Ve9xT4Y


The Ritz Hotel - the Most Prestigious Hotel in Madrid:

https://youtu.be/U11Kkgd9u0I
Plaza de Toros Monumental
Plaza de Toros Monumental
#About the Hall

The impressive hall, which you are now looking at, was originally built for the bullfights that took place in Catalonia. Yes, until a few years ago it was an arena for bullfights and wars against bulls that we designed.

Catalonia, as of the date of writing the guide, is the only province in Spain that has stopped the practice of bullfights. This has happened in a number of bullfights arena in recent decades, where bullfights have been banned under the law. In La Monumental, for example, bullfights were held until 2013.

The style of the building is Mori and Byzantine, and was inaugurated in 1914 under the name Plaza de El Sport. In 1916 it was renamed the Plaza Monumental de Barcelona. Today there are more than 20,000 visitors to the venue for music and circus performances.


#About the Bullfights

Bullfighting in Spain is an ancient ceremonial practice, often until the bull is killed. Bullfight is based on the bullfighter called "Matador," who uses a red cloth to irritate the bull and then fights with the sword until the warrior himself or the bull are hurt and surrender.

The roots of the bullfighting practice are very ancient and have already been found in the Bronze Age. The Bullfighter, with the red cloth, came later. What is amazing is that, contrary to popular belief, it is not the red color that causes the bull to get angry and attack the matador, but the waving of the canvas and its motion. A little amusing that the phrase "red rag" is common in the world to describe something irritating ...

This activity is popular in countries with Spanish culture, such as Spain, Mexico, Portugal, and even southern France. Bullfighters breed the most violent and nervous bulls.

In recent years, the bullfights have been outlawed in many countries and also in Spain, mainly because of the abuse of bulls. It turns out that beyond the abuse in the arena itself, in the weeks before the fight against the Matador, the bull is put through a process that exhausts him, by means of various and most cruel methods. For this reason, bullfights are highly contested, even among a large part of the Spanish public. This resistance is reinforced by animal rights organizations that strongly oppose the killing of animals for entertainment purposes.

Spain

Parc del Centre del Poblenou
Parc del Centre del Poblenou
#About Barcelona's Central Park

Parc del Centre del Poblenou is one of the gems that were left by the well-known French architect Jean Nouvel, who left his mark in several places in Barcelona. Here you can see "New Barcelona," that developed around the Diagonal neighborhood, and the new park, considered the personal Central Park of the Poblenou neighborhood.

The park has turned in the city's green source that was so needed here, and was established in 2008, the size of 55,000 square meters. It combines many things and gives out a little post-industrial vibe, like the area that surrounds it. The reason is that Poblenou, the new neighborhood, was once the heart of Barcelona's textile industry. In the park you can see one of the buildings from that time, one of the only ones to survive. This place has the original chimney. With time, the old buildings made of ancient bricks were replaced with modern buildings and large hotels. The neighborhood, just like its name, has renewed itself.

The park is surrounded by a tall wall, covered with climbing plants. There are four children playing areas, including climbing walls, sliding areas and ping pong tables. When the park was first opened, the tree trunks were all painted white, to imitate buildings, and as the trees grew and color faded, and turned into a more brownish color. The many trees provide shade, and you can pass quality, family and romantic time here, on the wide-open lawns.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqsonBwFUpg
Tibidabo
Tibidabo
#About the Tall Hill Protecting Barcelona

The mountain range is about 500 meters tall, one mountain stands most impressive in the Barcelona area, named Tibidabo. Because the mountain is so tall, you can see it from all over the city.

Tibidabo overlooks beautiful Barcelona. There is an amusement park that has existed for over 100 years.

On the mountain there is also a TV tower that is 288 meters tall, that provides a spectacular view of the area.

On the mountain you will see the Temple of the Sacred Heart of Jesus that overlooks Barcelona. The Basilica was built between 1902-1961 in the neo-Gothic style and is almost a complete copy of the Sacré-Cœur in Paris.


A Closer Look at the Hill:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jIeKCDYeZeU
Anella Olimpica
Anella Olimpica
#The Olympic Park of Barcelona

While Barcelona was hosting the Olympics in 1992, it became the world capital for two weeks and held a prominent place in the visitor's history. Anella Olimpica is located on Montjuïc Hill. It was the main location of the summer Olympics of 1992.

In the same time, the impressive Olympic rings that you see now before you was the crown of the celebrations. Today, their meaning is bigger than just commemorating a place of nostalgic sporting achievements.

In the area, loved by many visitors, you will find a row of toilets used by the city's residents.

But what are we waiting for? There is a pool here, the National Athletic Education Center and the sports center Palau Sant Jordi - everywhere here is a meeting point for anyone wanting to stay in shape.

Go and work out!
Xurreria Manuel San Romn
Xurreria Manuel San Román
#About the Best Churros in Barcelona

Many recommend the Xurreria Manuel San Román, for the best churros in Barcelona.

The delicious churros that you will get here, a type of donut, Spanish donuts, have been made here since 1968. You can dip these into choco-latte, a thick chocolate drinks, rich and sweet, exactly like is expected in Span, served together with churros and special dip.

The sweet desserts are the luxury of desserts in Barcelona. Crispy on the outside, soft and warm on the inside, and not too sweet, are the best desserts in the city, or a really fun breakfast, in a Spanish style, next to a cup of cappuccino or espresso.

Enjoy!


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/bKmn5Raahy4


Plaza de Callao
Plaza de Callao
#About the Bustling Square of the City

Plaza de Callao is a lively square of the city where visitors will be exposed to all the signs of modern and bustling Madrid. Above the square is the Palacio de la Prensa - overlooking the bustling life of the capital and the amazing city in Spain.

There is everything to do here. As soon as you get up from the metro station below, you are exposed immediately the most extreme urbanism you will see. From hundreds of stores of all kinds, through the largest department stores in the city, cinemas with huge posters of the new films displayed in them, and thousands of cars, taxis and buses crossing at any given moment.

In the square you can meet all the edges of Madrid's population. From businessmen who pass here and hurry to their affairs, to the homeless and the poor, who are begging here. Street artists, portrait painters and talented musicians find a livelihood here and mothers pass along with their children on the way home or from it.

This square is one of the places where you will feel the rhythm of modern Madrid at its best. This city lives and breathes itself completely.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/5H3WY0w6B_g
La Plaza de la Villa
#About the Beautiful Square in Madrid

La Plaza de la Villa is a beautiful square, that many see at the most beautiful of all the squares in Madrid.

This square is surrounded by different buildings, each one from a different era, style, architecture, and more. One of them is City Hall, that was slowly built through 1644-1787. Next to that is the La Casa de Cisneros, a look-alike palace. This house, carrying the name of Archbishop Cisneros that lived in the area between 1436-1517, was built in 1573. It is considered an excellent example of S panish Renaissance architecture. When City Hall filled up at the start of the 20th century, the Casa de Cisneros was purchased by the city municipality.

Be sure to also see the Torre de los Lujanes, a beautiful building in the square. It was built in the Mudéjar architecture style, a traditional Islamic style that was preserved in Spain, even with the Christian rule. Throughout history, that tower became famous, for it was the place where the French Emporer Francis I was imprisoned after he was defeated by Carlos I in the battle of Pavia.

Notice the National Archives (Nacional Hemeroteca) for journalists, a design that was also influenced by the Mudéjar style of architecture.

At the center of the square is a bronze statue of Alvaro de Bazan, considered to be the Spanish hero of the Lapanto War. This war was a naval war that happened in 1571 near the beaches of Greece, where the naval coalition of forces of the Pope, called the Holy League, beat the Ottoman navy. The winning coalition was made from the Hapsburg House of Austria, Venetians, and the Spanish. The winning battle meant that the Austrian Hapsburg House was to have control over the Mediterranean Sea.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zhY6Or09jt4


Wandering Around:

https://youtu.be/yUfAuuGO3-g
La Almudena
#About the Cathedral that Took 350 Years to Build

Don't let the neo-Gothic style of the La Almudena Cathedral, and the neo-Classical style of the facade scare you off. This cathedral was inaugurated by the pope in 1993. Even though this building began being built almost 120 years before, in the 19th century. The construction took until the end of the 20th century for historic events like the Civil War and the Franco Dictatorship.

The roots of this cathedral are impressive, at least in the ideas of its construction, which already back in the 16th century. History teaches that already in 1518 the King of Spain Carlos I meant to build the cathedral.

It took 350 years until the beginning of construction, and almost another 120 until construction was finalized. It is named after the Virgin Mary, the patron of the city of Madrid, since in 712 a photo of the Virgin was found in the city walls. This was moments before the invasion of the Arabs to Spain. The name of the church comes from the name La Almudena, meaning city walls.


#Architecture of the Cathedral

The outside style of the cathedral La Almudena has been changed throughout the years, to fit the look of the Royal Palace next to it. By looking closely you can see the combination between the entrance gates, that remind of the gates from the Castilian fortresses, and the decorated bronze door, that has clear neo-Gothic influences and symbols.

With its outside beauty, a visit inside is not necessary. If you still walked in, look up and try to find the hexagrams in the Star of David shape on the ceiling. Historians still do not know how Jewish symbols came to be here, that were added from the original design.

In the cathedral, 104 meters long and 76 meters wide, there is a dome with a diameter of 20 meters. The design inside is modern and modest, especially in comparison to other richer ancient churches. This did not stop the heir to the Spanish throne in 2004 to get married here.



#Tips

If you want a viewpoint of the city view, go no the top balcony that is under the cathedral dome.

During the summer months, its worth it to visit here during the hot hours and enjoy an escape from the heat, in the cool cathedral.


A Closer Look at La Almudena Cathedral:

https://youtu.be/NTTB9mhCXwA
Church of Santa Anna
#About the Church

One of the hidden gems right at the center of the city of Barcelona, is the Church of Santa Anna (Parrquia de Santa Anna). Between wandering around the most popular shopping streets you can reach this church and go right back in time, to visit important and interesting places in the unknown building.

This quiet church is an island of solitude and peace in the heart of busy Barcelona. It is part of the Monastery of Santa Anna, that since the 12th century has belonged to the Order of the Holy Sepulcher. The beautiful church is built in the shape of a Greek cross, and it has a Romanesque style, a style that reminds of the Roman style. Its exterior is totally Gothic, like its dome, the monastery and the chapel, from the 15th century.

The Romanesque window in the cornice, inside the church, as well as the transept (the broad section of the church in the shape of the cross) and the dome all depict scenes from the Book of Genesis. In the church, right next to this part, you can see the chapel of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. You will recognize it according to the reproduction that stands there, of sculpture from 1936.

It is no less interesting to see the dormitories of the monks in the church. They were built in the 15th century, and are of all different styles, really showing the different evolution that happened from the Gothic-Catalan style until the Renaissance style.
Parc de Cervantes
#About the Park with the Special Rose Garden

Parc de Cervantes covers 4,000 square meters and is found at the head of Avinguda Diagonal.

The garden is known mostly for the impressive rose garden, with over 15,000 roses from over 245 species. It may look small, but you can spend quite a lot of time here. The park was first opened to visitors in 2001, and since then the number of varieties from around the world has only grown. You can enjoy the colorful views almost year-round.

The park is divided by tracks, where visitors can walk and learn about the history and the origin of the roses there. You can choose different paths, and learn about the development of the roses in Asia, America, Europe, the Middle East, and more. Among the rose species, you will see in the garden are both old and newer species.

The walking lanes are wide and welcome runners, athletes, bike riders, who turn the park to really attractive. Visitors can come here to listen to lectures, workshops, discussion groups and conferences. In the park you will find a small museum in the open air, and small corners where you can catch a few quiet peaceful minutes, and have nice picnics.

Each year, at the beginning of May, the park hosts an international contest, where you can see more than 60 new varieties of roses, displayed in a special exhibit at the center of the park.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://youtu.be/yy82ysGR1vk?t=13s
Arc de Triomf
#About the Victory Gate that was Built Without a War

Arc de Triomf is the victory gate of Barcelona. Like many known buildings in Barcelona, this victory gate was also built for the World Expo that was held in 1888. The victory gate is the main entrance into the city and it was built by the architect Josep Vilaseca i Casanovas.

The gate is made of red bricks in the Mori building style. At the front frieze you can see an ancient saying that means, "Barcelona greets the nations."

A trip here is worth your time. You can take a nice break from walking and wandering around the avenue for a little while. Enjoy the quiet and peace. Further up the avenue there is a small park where you can rest on the grass, and there is also a zoo here as well.
Lluerna
#The Restaurant with the Michelin Star and the Crazy Food

If you are in Barcelona and interested in going to an interesting and really delicious restaurant, the Lluerna Restaurant, given a Michelin Star, is a restaurant that combines tradition and great ingredients, with modern and creative dishes that are worth the prices asked, which are not cheap.

This is a chef restaurant, that knows to create surprising dishes, like the marinaded mackerel or the bluefish.

Bon Appetite!
Dos Palillos
#About the Tapas that Won a Michelin Star

This tapas restaurant is a swirling success. It is not particularly cheap, but it is worth every penny, especially thanks to the creative dishes designed by chef Albert Raurich. The food made by him and his team that are trendy and served to customers have already won this place a Michelin Star.

There are a variety of Spanish tapas dishes, next to tapas whos ingredients are from different places around Asia. Enjoy!


A Closer Look at the Restaurant:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j8AdS_skLUY
Catalunya en Miniatura
#About the Park

In Barcelona you can see a park with miniature models of Catalonia. The park is located half an hour's drive from the city, and you can see many miniaturized sites from around Catalonia.

In a variety of buildings displayed at the park you will see churches and factories and ports, that provide an exciting way to get to know Catalonia. You can see many familiar buildings by Gaudi in Barcelona.

As can be expected, kids will certainly enjoy a visit here.


A Closer Look at the Park :

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OA0p3yCsb4g


Monastery of Pedralbes
#About the Medieval Monastery of Barcelona

Founded in 1327, the Monastery of Pedralbes (Monasterio de Pedralbes) is one of the most striking examples of the Gothic-Catalan style and will give you a magical glimpse into the life that took place here centuries ago.

The monastery was founded in 1326 by King James II of Aragon for his wife Elisenda de Montcada. Aragon was an autonomous community in northeastern Spain. The building was used by the Franciscan order, which consisted mainly of noble women. The Queen provided the convent with a series of privileges and rights. For Elisenda, a palace was also built in the monastery where she lived after her husband's death in 1327. Forty years later, she died there in 1367. The ruins of the palace were discovered in the 1970's.

During a deadly revolt (1640) the nuns were expelled, but later they returned. To this day, a small number of nuns still live in the compound. One of the charming rooms open to tourists is the queen's daily cabinate - the place where she studied, prayed, sewed and spent most of the day. The monastery was declared a national monument in 1991.

From 1993, the monastery became the home of the collection of paintings "Thyssen-Bornemisza." In the museum you can learn about the life stories of the nuns who lived here in the past. To see the furniture they used, the utensils, the sacred objects, the paintings, the sculptures, the documents and more. Today the museum presents collections from the History Museum of the City of Barcelona.

If you notice a broken floor, know that it was probably broken by a heavy cannon during Napoleon's conquest in 1809. The monastery was originally protected by a series of walls, but today there are only two towers and one gate.

You should also pay attention to the beautiful gardens outside the monastery and the fountain in the center of its yard.

A Closer Look at the Monastery:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ps5wuPqXunc
Montjuïc Cemetery
#About the Cemetary

This special cemetery has been standing here since 1883. It was created to be the main cemetery of Barcelona, to replace the El Poblano cemetery in the west. Today, there are over a million graves at the cemetery, spread over 150,000 lots, alcoves, and mausoleums.

As the population and finance of the city grew in the 19th century, demand for grave sites also increased. The location was chosen on the foothills of Montjuïc, far from the bustling city. The steep hillside painted the magical character of the cemetery, with curving walkways, slanted alcoves, and an ocean view.

The building of the cemetery happened during different artistic and design periods: the early monuments were prepared in the Classical and Gothic styles, and the more modern show Art Nouveau characteristics, or at least the Barcelona version, the Modernism.


A Closer Look at the Cemetary:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nTbIBuhEHec
Mercat dels Encants
#About the Fun Flea Market of Barcelona

Love to rummage? - You've come to the right place. If you brought another suitcase for what you purchase here, there is a chance that a few hours of digging and digging at the stalls will give you an excellent supply of clothes and bargains at equal prices!

The flea market, officially known as "Alas Encantas Weiss," is a large and inviting complex, where there is a huge variety of fashionable bargains, cheap prices and worth every penny. There are about 300 stalls lined up in rows, displayed by peddlers displaying their old wares and things pulled out of Grandma's closet. Next to them will be quite a few young designers, who come here and sell items of clothing they designed, or other interesting objects they created. The truth is, you can find everything here, old or new, new or modern.

In the market you will find furniture, appliances, clothes, books and antiques. You can definitely bargain over the various prices, but try to do it gently, because there are stalls where it is received with a less beautiful eye. As a rule, the more the stand is neat and clean, the more likely the seller will not be quick to give discounts and negotiate.


#Tips

Saturdays are of course the busiest. If you arrive here in the middle of the week, try to arrive before 3:00 pm, as the sellers are going to the Spanish Siesta, the famous Spanish afternoon nap.

If you can get up at 7:00 am, there are antique auctions. At 12:00 pm there was another round, when all the unsold items were offered at lower prices. Next to the market there is also a large hall, where many types of furniture are offered for sale. Worth a look!



A Closer Look at the Market:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q2BkIsXa_Yg
San Francisco el Grande
#About Madrid's Massive Basilica, With the Largest Dome in Spain

The San Francisco el Grande Basilica in Madrid is dedicated to Saint Francis, a humble Christian saint, who preached in his life a modest life, and fought with the exorbitant richness of the city's wealthy residents.

With a diameter of 108 meters, in the large basilica there are; a large chapel, a prayer house, and at the top the largest dome in Spain. The basilica's width is 33 meters, and 58 meters tall, making it the largest building in Spain.

The basilica, built in the neo-Classical style, stands on the ruins of a Franciscan monastery, founded in 1217, by Saint Francis. It itself was built by Spanish King Carlos III, in 1760.

The San Francisco Basilica has three chapels. The most famous of them is on the left side of the main entrance. It is named after San Bernardino de Siena (San Bernadino from Siena).

In this chapel you can see the "Sermon of San Brandino of Siena." This is a magnificent painting by the Spanish painter Goya, who commemorates events in the life of the saint. The painting is one of Goya's first paintings in Madrid. If you look closely at the painting you will see the figure on his right. This is the painter Goya himself, introducing a self-portrait. The cathedral also has paintings by Velazquez, another Spanish painting giant.

In the nearby chapel you can see an impressive statue painted in 1643 by the artist Diego Rodriguez. The name of the statue is "Capilla del Cristo de Los Dolores."

The cathedral has great woodwork, including carved wooden furniture, wooden choral stalls and the 7 wooden doors of the church carved by the wooden artist Casa Juan Guas.


#About the Impressive Giant Dome at the Top of the Basilica

The huge dome of the basilica, 33 meters in diameter, was designed by architect Francisco Cabezas. Due to the difficulty and complexity of building such a chapel, the construction of the basilica was completed only in 1784 by an architect who was added to the complex project, Francesco Sabatini.

At the base of this dome are wooden statues of the 12 Christian apostles and on the inside there are beautiful frescoes, that is, magnificent frescoes.

In the past century the instability of the dome has led to an impressive restoration and reinforcement work that was done in the entire chapel and stabilized it well.


#Tips

A great experience on Sunday is watching Sunday Mass. There is a mass that begins once an hour, at 10:30 am, 11:30 am, 12:30 pm and 13:30 pm.

On the rest of the days, the basilica has a guided tour that costs 3 euros and allows entry to places that are usually closed to visitors.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/dL13npf-tRI


From Inside:

https://youtu.be/tN670op_CTk
Plaza de Isabel II
Plaza de Colón
Planetario De Madrid
Casa de la Villa
Palacio de Comunicaciones


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.