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Place de la Bastille
Bastille Square
#About the Square Where the Bastille Stood

The Bastille Square (Place de la Bastille), is a major square in Paris, and was built on the spot where, before the French Revolution, stood the Bastille Fortress. This prison, whose exact name is Bastille Saint-Antoine, became a symbol after being destroyed in the Revolutionary war. An outline is drawn today on the sidewalks where the building once stood.

The Bastille Square in Paris, is located exactly where the Bastille Fortress stood, symbolizing France's freedom as a people, after the monarchy was overthrown. It is located at a meeting point of three of the city's districts - the 4th, 11th and 12th. Locals refer to all the surrounding areas "Besti," for Bastille.

At the center of the Bastille Square is the July Column (Colonne de Juillet), a monument for remembrance of the July day during the Revolutionary War in 1830. From the square you can also see the Bastille Opera House, located where in the past the Bastille train station was located, the metro station "Bastille," and where the Canal Saint-Martin passes.

The North-Western part of the square is a big area for nightlife and there are often concerts, parades, and performances. The symbolic square often also hosts political demonstrations by trade unions and socialist movements, all praising the historical and symbolic significance of the Bastille.

Each Sunday a twenty kilometer roller skating tour departs from the Bastille. Only in extreme weather conditions this trip is canceled.

At this spot, on July 14, 1790, France's independence celebrations traditions began. It all started when someone erected a dancing tented area at the center of the Bastille ruins. This is how the 14th of July celebrations began.

Four years later, on 1794, a guillotine was placed in the center of the Antoine Square, the original name of the square. As per the resident's requests, the guillotine was removed pretty quickly, however this tradition continued - 73 people were beheaded here, during the revolution and afterwards as well.

#About the Bastille Fortress that Was Destroyed in the Revolution

This happened on July 14, 1789, when the Bastille Fortress was rundown by the masses, who demanded ammunition from the officer in charge of the prison. When the officer refused the masses storming the Bastille, he was killed, along with other officers working at the prison at the time.

After the ruins were cleared up, they were spread across France, as a symbol of the destruction of the Bastille and the monarchy it symbolized, that oppressed its people.

Years before that the Bastille Fortress was built in order to defend Paris. In the days of Louis the 14th it became a prison, where prisoners were held in rooms built around the 8 towers of the fortress. The prisoners were criminals, and also political opponents. For the people of France, this fortress became the symbol of cruelty and fear and oppression by the monarchy of France.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Bv3aDJdaObk


Visit:

https://youtu.be/mBMPgjgAnz4


At night:

https://youtu.be/cJysncNHcfE


Sunday Market:

https://youtu.be/Ty36za-Nx9U


Ruins of the Bastille:

https://youtu.be/YT7Ha4gcmuY
Plaza del Dos de Mayo
Plaza del Dos de Mayo
#About Madrid's Northern and Renewing Quarter

Plaza del Dos de Mayo, at the center of the Malasana neighborhood, is the beating heart of the hipster and trendy area of Madrid. Each evening the bar owners take out chairs to the streets, and many customers sit in big and loud groups. The real Madrid experience, Malasana style.



#History of the Square and the Date the Name Carries

The Plaza del Dos de Mayo received its name from a historic event with much meaning that took place here. Everything began on the 2nd of May, in 1808. The city of Madrid was surrounded by French forces, at the leadership of Napoleon Bonapart, who sieged and conquered the city. The French rule over Spain was very severe.

But the people of Madrid did not give in easily. They rose against Napoleon and his troops, and began, right here in this square, the revolt against them. This is how the Spanish revolt began against the French rule. In Madrid they fought the French with everything they had. Many of the brave fighters were young people. One of them, Manuela Malasaña, a young seamstress, was stopped while she was carrying scissors. The French accused her of carrying scissors, as weapon. The explanations that a seamstress carrying scissors was totally acceptable, were not heard. The French soldiers saw it as a weapon and killed her. The Malasaña district receives its name from the young Manuela, and is named after her to this very day.

Today, May 2nd is a celebrated Spanish holiday. On this day, large bullfights take place, with parades by soldiers, leaving from Puerta del Sol square to Plaza Mayor in the morning. Many of the crowds wear traditional clothes, and in the evening a large parade takes place, of the palace guards from the Royal Palace to the Plaza Mayor. In the square itself there are Opera performances in the Spanish style called Zarzuela, and the crowd continues to celebrate, dance and drink, deep into the night.



#About the "The Third of May 1808" Painting by Goya

The execution of the Spanish rebels by the Napoleon forces, after the revolt that took place between the second and third of May, 1808, became the most famous execution in the history of art. This is thanks to the Spanish artist Goya, in his painting "The Third of May 1808," that depicts the events in the most dramatic way. In the painting, French troops are shooting from short range at the innocent civilians.

In the painting a tough scene is depicted, that occurred after the failing revolt attempt of the residents of Madrid against the French forces. The forces gathered a few hundred residents randomly on the night between May 2nd and 3rd, 1808, and executed them. History tells this is only one of the many mass killings that the French committed during the conquering of Spain.

This was the first painting in history, where a war scene was depicting the victims instead of the winners, and are executed. Goya illustrates the amount of victims by drawing those condemned to death, from the end of the left image, which is also the front of the picture, and deep into the interior and center of the painting, Goya painted only the nearest shoots clearly, while the rest are painted in a blur. On the ground he shows the dead lying in their blood, while the faces of the participants in the French firing squad are invisible. The light of a lamp illuminates the faces of those executed and they surrender to death, covering their eyes or ears. Only one condemned to death, wearing a white shirt that illustrates the purity, stood in the center of the group, his body and face illuminated and highlighted in the painting. He looks straight at his enemies shooting at him, raising his hands, as if at his death.

The famous painter Goya commemorated this revolt not in one painting, but in two famous paintings, the "The Third of May 1808" can be seen in the Prado Museum in Madrid, as well as the "The Second of May 1808."



#Tips

Unlike many tourists, you are invited to sit here and blend in with the locals. A real experience!

The prices of beer, by the way, is similar around all the bars around the square.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/m7PQ7mBFMZ4



The Square and the Malasana Neighborhood Around:

https://youtu.be/_QlyBMZ3Pzw
Piazza Bra
Piazza Bra
#About the Main Square of Verona

Close to many attractions in Verona, Piazza Bra is one of the city's largest and most impressive squares. This square is a major starting point for exploring the city. Around it are some of Verona's famous tourist destinations, such as the city's Arena and more.

In the Piazza there are many cafes where you can have a good breakfast or a coffee break among the various sites.

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/I9_beLnLyiY
Piazza dei Signori
Piazza dei Signori
#About Dante's Magnificent Square

The Place de la Republique is Piazza dei Signori, a magnificent and important square in the city of Verona. The square was once the administrative center of Verona.

Beneath the big gate in the square you'll see the bone of a whale suspended from above. According to legend, this object will fall on the head of the first righteous man to pass through the gate. What is interesting is that for over 250 years the bone is still hanging there. Are there no righteous people in the world?

In the center of Piazza dei Signori stands the statue of the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. This is one of the greatest people from the city, and he wrote the famous poem "La Divina Commedia" at the beginning of the 14th century. This poetic poem is considered the greatest in Italian literature and a leading cultural asset in world literature.

There are various architectural styles, along with a number of ancient gates, such as the Arco della Costa.


#Buildings of the Square

In Piazza dei Signori you can see several public buildings built over the years. Among them you should pay attention to:

Palazzo del Comune - See the building decorated with pink and white marble stripes. This beautiful and unique building is in a Renaissance style and was built in the 12th century.

Palazzo del Tribunale - This is the building that is connected to the city palace and next to it is a large brick tower. The building, built in the 14th century, is located in the Scavi Scaligeri archaeological complex, which contains remains from the Roman and Middle Ages periods. Today there is a gallery with high-level temporary photography exhibitions.

Palazzo del Podesta - This white marble building was built in the 13th century by the Scaligeri family, the medieval rulers of Verona. Its facade has a classic entrance gate and decorative teeth. Above the gate notice the board with the winged lion, a symbol of Venetian rule.

Loggia del Consiglio - Here you are asked to make a small investigation among the locals and discover it ... Take time for this detective exercise. It's fun... did you find it? - Excellent! This terrace is the reason why the square is called in Italian "Square of Representatives." It is a building built in 1485, as a place where members of the city council stood, during ceremonies and large public events.


#Tips
In recent years, excavations were conducted beneath the square that exposed a Roman street, with mosaics and various interesting remains. You can see them if you enter the large courtyard next door.



A Tour:

https://youtu.be/mRHg30gD84o

Squares

Piazza delle Erbe
Piazza delle Erbe
#About the Favorite Square Near the Tower

One of Verona's main squares, Piazza delle Erbe, is a bustling square filled with various stalls selling local food and a host of nice products. Here, from the Middle Ages and especially in the 14th century, it was one of the city's largest markets.

But the ancient roots of this square reach to the Roman period, which was here as much as the heart of the Roman Forum.

The square of Piazza delle Erbe, in Egnlish "spice square," is really the heart of the city of Verona. It is in a meeting of its main trade streets, Via Mazzini, Verona's shopping street and via Capello, leading to Juliet's House.

The square is surrounded by a series of important buildings, with an impressive fountain in its center, all of which were built at the time and preserved to this day in their entirety.


#What Will You See Here?

The square has various monuments that symbolize the rulers of Verona over the years. Take note, for example, of the impressive Verona Madonna fountain, dating back to the reign of the Scaligerian family in the Middle Ages. This fountain, dating back to 1368, features an ancient marble statue from the Roman period, a statue of the Madonna di Verona.

In the center of the square you will see a small stage with a pillar next to it. The covered platform, which stands on four pillars, is called Capitolo. From which the representatives of the government in the 16th century came to announce the decrees and laws of the rulers of Verona to the public.

Have you noticed the Venetian marble pillar, topped by the winged lion statue? What is the symbol of the Venetian city of Venice in Verona, you ask? - This is a symbol of the rule of the Venetian Republic here, which lasted for many years.

The colorful square is surrounded by palaces, such as the Palazzo Maffei, the impressive Baroque palace. Nearby is the Palazzio Della Ragio, where you can glimpse the changing art exhibitions.

In the compound of this palace stands the famous Lamberti tower, or "Torre dei Lamberti". This tower, 83 meters high, is made of stone and was built in the Middle Ages. It has a great view of the entire city.

In the northeastern corner of the square you will see the Casa Mazanti, a house originally built by the Scaligerians, the city's medieval rulers. Notice the Renaissance frescoes, which, like many houses of the time, adorn this structure.


#The Market in the Square

The Piazza delle Erbe is the largest and most popular market in Verona. You will find a variety of food stands, clothes, jewelry and handicrafts.

It is recommended to arrive at the market stalls on the square on Saturdays and Sundays, together with the locals who come to spend time and choose between the selections of vegetables and fruits, handicrafts and the like.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/WRSkvu-FjCc


The Market in the Square:

https://youtu.be/l2UxHgXo5ck
La Plaza de la Villa
La Plaza de la Villa
#About the Beautiful Square in Madrid

La Plaza de la Villa is a beautiful square, that many see at the most beautiful of all the squares in Madrid.

This square is surrounded by different buildings, each one from a different era, style, architecture, and more. One of them is City Hall, that was slowly built through 1644-1787. Next to that is the La Casa de Cisneros, a look-alike palace. This house, carrying the name of Archbishop Cisneros that lived in the area between 1436-1517, was built in 1573. It is considered an excellent example of S panish Renaissance architecture. When City Hall filled up at the start of the 20th century, the Casa de Cisneros was purchased by the city municipality.

Be sure to also see the Torre de los Lujanes, a beautiful building in the square. It was built in the Mudéjar architecture style, a traditional Islamic style that was preserved in Spain, even with the Christian rule. Throughout history, that tower became famous, for it was the place where the French Emporer Francis I was imprisoned after he was defeated by Carlos I in the battle of Pavia.

Notice the National Archives (Nacional Hemeroteca) for journalists, a design that was also influenced by the Mudéjar style of architecture.

At the center of the square is a bronze statue of Alvaro de Bazan, considered to be the Spanish hero of the Lapanto War. This war was a naval war that happened in 1571 near the beaches of Greece, where the naval coalition of forces of the Pope, called the Holy League, beat the Ottoman navy. The winning coalition was made from the Hapsburg House of Austria, Venetians, and the Spanish. The winning battle meant that the Austrian Hapsburg House was to have control over the Mediterranean Sea.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zhY6Or09jt4


Wandering Around:

https://youtu.be/yUfAuuGO3-g
Rynek Starego Miasta
Old Town Market Place
#About the Old Town Square

On the western side of the river is the rectangular market square of the Old Town (Rynek Starego Miasta). It is considered the most beautiful square in the city and is built in the style that characterizes the Germans who emigrated to Poland in the 14th century. Once, by the way, stood here the Old Townhall that was demolished in 1917.

At that time, the square was an important and significant center of the city, the center of commerce, economy, society and politics of the city until the 18th century. Markets, ceremonies, and show trials were held here.

Like many places in Warsaw, the beautiful square was also completely destroyed during World War II, but not long afterward it was renovated and restored. Today it is one of the most picturesque and magical places in Warsaw because of its variety of buildings, the facades of which are colorful and vibrant.

If you look around the buildings, you will see that they are characterized by Baroque and Renaissance style and there are lots of pleasant alleys for walking. They are closed to the entrance of vehicles. In the area of the square you will find many interesting restaurants, cafés, galleries and small shops. Here, by the way, there are quite a few wonderful souvenir shops, where you can buy home souvenirs and gifts at reasonable prices.


#The Siren Statue Ready to Protect the City of Warsaw

In the center of the square you will see the symbol of Warsaw - the siren. It is the mermaid holding the sword and shield and ready to protect the inhabitants of the city. Legend has it that she used to swim in the Vistula River, stopped for a rest near the Old City and captured a fisherman with to her magical singing. The latter rescued her from the hands of an evil merchant, fought and freed her. Since then, the mermaid has vowed to defend and assist the city and its inhabitants.



#Tips

If you arrive in Warsaw in the winter, you will be happy to know that starting in December, the market square becomes an ice skating rink.



A Closer Look at the Square:

https://youtu.be/W0xve1P7nLo
Plac Zamokwy
Castle Square
#About the Pleasant Square in Town

The Castle Square (Plac Zamokwy) is the main square of Old Warsaw. It contains many of the cultural and governmental buildings in the city. The spacious square offers a variety of street performances and different musicians and artists performing an impressive torch dance. During the holidays, entertainment stages are set up here and the square becomes the center of the municipal celebrations.

Like the rest of the Old City, the Palace Square was almost completely destroyed by the Nazis, but after the war, between 1947 and 1957, it was rebuilt from its ruins. Like many squares in Europe, the square is now beautifully decorated, with all its homes painted in a variety of colors. At the entrance to the square on the left, adjacent to the continuation of the wall of the Old City, you will see a temporary exhibition on the reconstruction of the square from the destruction of World War II.

If you wish, you can go up to the observation tower from the church tower. This is not a very difficult climb, about 150 steps. The panoramic view from above is beautiful and worth the effort.

Pay attention to the Red Building in the square, which is the Royal Palace of the kings of Poland. The king of Poland did not always live in Warsaw. It was King Sigismund III (Wassa), who in the 16th century transferred the capital from Krakow to the city of Warsaw. The statue of King Sigismund you will see stands on a high pillar in the square and looks out at his palace.

And by the side of a palace, you can see the change of guard every hour.


A Closer Look at the Square:

https://youtu.be/6_ZlSoyiuCc


Plac Grzybowski
Grzybowski Square
#About the Square that Revived Jewish Life

Grzybowski Square (Plac Grzybowski) was established in the 17th century, where the junction between the government fortress and the rural community surrounding it was located, and the old center of Warsaw. Later on, in the 17th century it became a market square and in the 18th century a square in the city of Warsaw, to which it was annexed. At that time, the municipality building was also built there and the building was built in the square. In the middle of the 19th century, Jewish merchants began to enter the square and open shops and residents.

At the beginning of the 20th century, electric-powered streetcars arrived and lighting was added. Progress also brought about a change in the appearance of the square and the evacuation of the market to another square. This was before World War II when the square became the center of Jewish life in the city. Here was the Jewish market, where the Jews of the city came to buy the things they needed before the holidays, like a chicken before Yom Kippur or the fruits for Sukkot.

When the Jewish Ghetto was created, during the Nazi occupation of Warsaw, the square was included within the boundaries of the small Ghetto. Here, too, stands the Church of the Assumption of Mary, which served the converts in the Ghetto, Jews who converted to Christianity in the past, but the Nazis saw them as Jews and put them in the Ghetto. Nazi racial theory, it should be noted, regarded Judaism as a race, that it was impossible to change, and not a religion, that it could be changed. Therefore, the change of religion did not change the fate of the converts.

Today, Grzybowski Square is still paved with stones and has not undergone significant changes since the war.

In 1941, when the Nazis liquidated the small Ghetto, the square remained closed to the citizens of Warsaw, and when the Polish underground uprising broke out in 1944, it became part of the area of ​​battle. When the underground was defeated, the Germans destroyed and burned the western part of the square, the Arona Serdynera Jewish Synagogue and the church where the rebels had barricaded themselves.



A Closer Look at the Square that was Once the Center of Jewish Life in the City:

https://youtu.be/uAoqPFom3k4
New Town Market Place
#About the Square in New Warsaw

The truth is, that in spite of the name and market of the city (Rynek Nowego Miasta), it is not really new. It was established in the 15th century, much after the square in the Old City, that was established in the 13th century.

The shape of the new square is rectangular and is 140 meters by 120 meters.

The center of the square and market used to stand in the Warsaw Municipality building, that was destroyed in 1818. Today there is an iron well from the 19th century.



A Closer Look at the Square:

https://youtu.be/1PGFkwo6-58
Three Crosses Square
#About the Famous Square From the Famous Book

The Three Crosses Square (Plac Trzech Krzyży) is one of the main squares of Warsaw. This is a beautiful square, that besides its central location, it is an important place for those traveling southward, to Wilanów Palace and Park and Constitution Square.

The square, located along the "Royal Road," an ancient road linking the city's palace with the Old City, is named for the three crosses that are located there. One of them is the cross at the top of the church in the center of the square and two others stand at the other end of the square.

During World War II the square was a central and busy place in the city of Warsaw. In the square was the German headquarters, that brought Jewish children here during the war. They slipped out of the Ghetto and pretended to be Polish. It was precisely here that they made their living selling cigarettes and matches. Joseph Jamian wrote the story of a group of children in the book "The Cigarette Sellers from Three Crosses Square." In 1944, towards the end of the war, the church was completely destroyed after the German planes bombed it.



#The Story of "The Cigarette Sellers from Three Crosses Square"

The book "The Cigarette Sellers from Three Crosses Square" is one of the most famous books from the Holocaust period. The children's story from the square is very interesting and real. The SS headquarters stood in front of the square during the war, and in front of it were Jewish boys and girls posing as poor Polish children and even sold cigarettes to the Nazis.

The cigarette-selling children used to get up at dawn and reach the cigarette dealers to make up their cigarette supply. From there they went to the square and throughout the day they sold their cigarettes to passers-by.

In the evenings they used to go and bathe in the public baths. In order not to be discovered circumcised, the children bribed the guards not to let anyone else in while they were in there bathing.

After bathing, the children used to go to the home of an old lady they called "Grandma." With her, they were free to unload the day's experiences and used to compare the amounts of cigarettes they sold. Beyond the sale to buyers, a simple operation in those difficult times, the children conducted a hidden competition between them, for selling and money. Each day they compared the "results" and the daily winner received a lot of respect from his friends and was crowned winner of the competition.



A Closer Look at the Square:

https://youtu.be/zkyyf1iCPdc
Umschlagplatz
#About the Square Where Jews Were Sent to Death Camps

Umschlagplatz is on the Northern side of the Warsaw Ghetto, it is a square where the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto were concentrated by the Nazis, before being loaded on trains to death camps. Usually, these trains led to Treblinka, and a few went to Majdanek. From this very square, each day about 5,000 - 7,000 people were sent to the death camps - whole families, women, and babies. They were loaded onto the freight trains that were meant to move cattle around the country, about 100-200 people per car, led to their deaths. About 300,000 of the Warsaw Ghetto residents were sent to their deaths this way.

This transporting square and the school nearby are located right near the freight train station, and this is how it became the worst place of all, for the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto and the whole area. Some called this square "the square of the disappeared," those who understood that the Jews who are led out this way were not coming back.

After concentrating the people here, most of the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto were sent from Umschlagplatz to death camps. In contrasting irony, the square was located between the Jewish Hospital-who worked to save lives, and the Gestapo headquarters-the ones in charge of the killings during the Holocaust.

The word Umschlagplatz in German means a place of transfer. The square for concentrating Jews to the death camps was presented as a place to transport Jews to a new settlement around Europe, which of course was a Nazi deception.

The square was also nicknamed "Delivery Square," a name given to it before the war, since the square was the only place where Jews were allowed to hand over goods, that is, to exchange them with the rest of the city's non-Jewish residents. The trading continued into the war and in parallel to the deportation of the Jews to the extermination camps.

The site today is a wall that serves as a symbolic tombstone, written on in Polish, Yidish and Hebrew, and recognizes the historic spot. Here "the memory path for the murdered," which starts at the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes and ends in Umschlagplatz. All along the path are blocks of black stones with names of many of the murdered.



A Closer Look at Umschlagplatz Square:

https://youtu.be/M4mJUKBsCM8
Michaelerplatz Square
#About the Michaelerplatz Square

Opposite Hofberg Palace lies one of the famous squares of Vienna. It was originally planned in 1720 by Josef Emanuel Fischer von Erlach, but the project was stopped several times and only in 1888 construction began. Over the years the square became a strong Baroque symbol.

At the entrance to the square are huge statues of Hercules. On either side of the square there are also large fountains with statues. The right fountain, called "Mastery of the Land," was designed in 1897 by Edmund Hellmer and symbolizes the Austrian army. The left fountain, "Mastery of the Sea," was sculpted in 1895 by Rudolf Weyr and symbolizes the Austrian naval force.

In the center of the square there is an archeological dig site that contains remains from the Roman Empire and the Middle Ages. It was preserved as part of the activities of the Vienna Museum.

Michaelerplatz Square is surrounded by several ancient buildings, which symbolize and glorify the architecture of the Austrian Empire. Among them you can see the Looshaus, considered one of the city's modern buildings, the Old Church and St. Michael's Church.

To this day the square attracts many tourists and locals and is considered an important historical point in the city.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/a2Ei8MhAE44
Taksim Square
#About the Central Square of Modern Istanbul

Taksim Square (Taksim Meydanı) is considered the heart of modern Istanbul, and the heart of its commercial industry. Around this area are luxury hotels, fancy boutiques, clubs, fast food chains, and popular restaurants.

This square is the symbol of secularism in Istanbul. This is a popular place for public events. It seems that everything happens here - parades, protests, New Year's Eve celebrations, and other gatherings.

In the past, in the square concentrated the city's main water system, and the square was named after the system. The central station for Istanbul's underground subway is also here, what makes the square a public transportation center.

The circular square is located in the Taksim area, the historic Beyoğlu district, in the European half of the city. North of here you can see the Taksim Garden (Taksim Gezi Parkı), along the Cumhuriyet Caddesi avenue.

From the south-west corner of the square starts Istiklal Avenue (İstiklal Caddesi), translating to Avenue of Independence. This is the main pedestrian mall in the İstiklal district.

In the back of the square there is a statue of Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Republic.

From the square there is a nostalgic street car, along the Istiklal Avenue, and ends near the Tunnel station. This station was built in 1875, only 12 years after the London underground, which means the "Tunel" was the second underground train in the world.




#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/9RKcX7NzgZA



#Another Look:

https://youtu.be/_YlluHd0kpA
Times Square
#About the Most Well-Known Square in New York

The most well-known square in New York is Times Square, the lit up and festive, by dozens of large and glittering advertising signs covering the buildings around the square. These have long since become the square's trademark.

Usually, the square is crowded with visitors and tourists, and it will be easy to tell which people are seeing the square for the first time. The word square is the familiar definition of the area, though this is not a classical square, but more of a large open space between Broadway Avenue and 7th Avenue, and 42nd to 47th Street.

The Square is named after the newspaper, the New York Times, whose offices moved to the square in 1905, and has since remained there. Three weeks after the newspaper moved into the square, the first neon sign was hung up, that has since outlined the character and style of the square.

At the beginning of the 20th century, many known stars spent time here, like Charlie Chaplin and Fred Astaire, as the place developed and theaters were built, and restaurants and entertainment centers. In the 1930's, during the Great Depression, the square became the center of the sex industry, and was mainly visited by gamblers and criminals until the 1990's. At this stage, Rudolph Giuliani, the mayor of New York City at the time, cleaned up the square and crime from the questionable characters that came here, and closed the brothels.

Today you will find many giant stores, TV studios, well-known restaurants, impressive hotels and popular businesses.



#Tourists at the Square

The Square's quieter hours are in the morning, and as the day goes on more and more visitors arrive, there is no doubt that the peak hours are in the evening, when the lights and signs light up and stand out in the darkness. You will find here many attractions for tourists, and maybe this is also the reason no one misses a chance to visit here. There are 12,500 hotel rooms, occupied by 26 million visitors each year. Here are more than 250 restaurants, and about 1,500 different businesses. Street performers are spread out along the street and the square, among them artists, painters, performers, and different acts. The square is visited by 39 million visitors each year.


#Midnight on New Year's Eve in Times Square

On New Year's Eve, hundreds of thousands of tourists and locals come to the square to see the Times Square New Year's Eve Ball drop, and count down together to the new year. Every year the crystals on the Ball are designed in a different way, and are able to withstand tough weather. The Ball is lifted during the last few minutes of the end of the year, and falls 120 meters along a big metal pole during the final countdown. This is a special and moving moment, and fireworks add to the atmosphere of celebrations.



#Theaters in Broadway

In the square are 40 theaters of Broadway, that sell millions of tickets each year. Here, the biggest and famous shows are performed, the hottest shows in the United States. There are shows here for all ages. The shows are well invested in, and tickets are not sold for cheap, tickets can be between 130-160 dollars per ticket.

At the center of the square you can find a kiosk for selling discount tickets, TKS, that offers tickets that have not yet been sold for same-day shows, around a 30%-50% discount. Don't worry, if you thought you would miss the kiosk, just look for the long line that spreads at the center of the square and you will immediately see it. Good luck!


#In the movies
The square has appeared in various films. In "Vanilla Sky," it can be seen totally empty, as the scene was filmed early one Sunday morning with traffic blocked.

The giant gorilla in "King Kong" destroys everything in the square, throwing people and cars in all directions. And in the zombie movie "I Am Legend," Will Smith hunts for deer in the desolate square.


#Tips
Kids and teenagers will love the shopping in Times Square, especially the concept stores. like the M&M candy store and the video store ESPN Zone.
Campo de' Fiori
#The Market Square that Perpetuates the Sacred of Science

Campo de' Fiori is a rectangular square in Rome, a cultural and business center in the city. Located in the Christian part of Rome, it dates back to the Middle Ages. Today it contains a vibrant food market. This region is colorful and rich, full of fruits, vegetables, colorful pastas, organic honey, spices, cheeses and more. There are plenty of different stands here. Around the square are shopping streets with great prices and cafes, which offer mostly free wireless internet.

In the square is the Giordano Bruno Monument, the scientist who preceded his time and the church which executed him for his ideas in relation to the location and importance of the Earth in the solar system. Note also the iron plaque next to the monument, which is intended to commemorate the books of the Talmud that were burned in this very square.

The name of the square means "field of flowers" ("Fiori" in Italian is a flower). It is assumed that in the past there was an open field with beautiful blossoms and hence the origin of the name. If you inquire on the subject, you will also learn about a rumor that perhaps the square is named after Flora, Pompey's lover - it is unclear whether she was an existing woman or literary fiction.



#Campo de' Fiori Square for Tourists

This is a spot for early risers in Rome. The square of Campo de' Fiori has stand owners who arrive early in the morning to settle into their permanent spots. This is one of the points you will not want to miss if you come to Rome, at least to visit once.

The first tourists arrive at 8:00 am. By 12:00 pm the place is bustling and full. The afternoon will be the most calm time of day. However, do not be mistaken - the day is not yet over and at 8:00 pm the square will wake up again, this time for its night tour and will provide entertainment venues, varied bars and even a nightclub.



#History of the Square

Though today the square is inviting, full of attractions and colors, it was not always so. During the Roman Empire, the river would occasionally flood this square, along with other parts of the city. The area is dried for good only at the beginning of the first century AD. This was when the construction began in the area. Nevertheless, it was still relatively abandoned and served as an insignificant "field of flowers".

The real interest in the area began in the 15th century, when the Popes wanted to use it to demonstrate their wealth and power. Pope Boniface arrived here to build the Church of Santa Brigida. Today, in its place, stands the French Embassy. Next came the third Pope, Calligraphy, who demanded that the square be paved. A few years later, Palazzo della Cancelleria and the Orsini family's palace were built.

In time the square became a local market. Horses and other products were sold and the crowds began to stroll through. However it was not used solely for trading. During the Inquisition, in the 16th and 17th centuries, the square was a central place for the execution of criminals and heretics. One of the most famous executions was of Giordano Bruno.



#Who was Giordano Bruno- A Man the Church Executed for his Astronomical Dreams

Many see him as the "martyr of science". The story of the Italian astronomer Giordano Bruno is a tragic story of a scientist who was ahead of his time and paid dearly for his theories and beliefs. It would only be later that generations would catch up with him.

Among the well-known, Bruno was considered "the first martyr of the world of science." In contrast to Copernicus, who said similar things and proved them mathematically, not many in the general public know Bruno's name, who preceded everyone in understanding the universe and our place in it - or simply - that the earth is not the center of the world and that the universe is infinite.

Bruno, from Naples, is the first cosmological theorist to sacrifice his life in the name of science. Bruno was executed for his "space dreams." It all began when he read a book by Lucretius, a Roman poet who wrote 1500 years ago that the universe is infinite. Bruno had dreamed of a universe where man and the earth took up very little space.

Bruno began to spread his ideas about the vast universe, where there are many more planets like ours. He came to the conclusion that the stars shining in the sky were actually suns very far away, which had their own stars around them.In the eyes of his contemporaries, who believed in the centrality of the earth in the universe, this was hallucination. All the different movements in the Church boycotted Bruno and his arguments and regarded him as a heretic. In England, where he traveled to lecture on his ideas, the scientists of the time scorned him. Not long after he returned to Italy, he was imprisoned because of his "foolish ideas." Giordano Bruno was tortured by the the Inquisition for eight years but refused to deny his ideas. It was to this end that Giordano Bruno was executed by the church.

Ten years after his death, Galileo will first create the telescope and join Bruno's ideas, which proved to be accurate. Gradually, the scientific world would come to similar conclusions and at a later stage, the church as well, that the earth is far from being the center of the universe and that Bruno was right. Today there are universities named after him as well as research institutes.



#Tips

Visit the market as soon as possible. Beyond the brand new merchandise, the crowds are thin and the atmosphere is enormously pleasant. You can even start your day there and enjoy breakfast in the market.
Plaza de la Lealtad
#About the Square with the Obelisk

Plaza de la Lealtad is a sweet square, where you can come and see the obelisk at the center. This obelisk is dedicated to the victims from the Spanish Revolt against the French forces, that occurred here on May 2, 1808. The obelisk was created in 1840 by Isidro González Velázquez, and it is commemorating all those who gave their lives to Spain.

On the left of the square, you can see the Ritz, the fanciest hotel in Madrid, and maybe in all of Spain.

On the right of the square, there is Madrid's Stock Exchange Building (Bolsa de Comercio), with its impressive facade.


A Closer Look::

https://youtu.be/PBh0Ve9xT4Y


The Ritz Hotel - the Most Prestigious Hotel in Madrid:

https://youtu.be/U11Kkgd9u0I


Plaça Reial
#About the Tourist Square of the Barcelona Night

The square located in the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona is located near the La Rambla Avenue and is a main tourist destination, especially at night. In the square you can find many restaurants, cafes, night clubs, bars, and stores. Many times concerts were performed here in the open air, celebrations and festivals.

The square was planned by Francesc Daniel Molina i Casamajó in the 19th century. Notice the lamps on the famous street of Plaça Reial. These lamps, with 6 arms each, were designed by the famous Gaudi, the architect and artist who left his impact on every corner of this wonderful city. The lamps were planned by Gaudi in 1878, when he finished his studies. In 1902, when Gaudi was already famous and well-known, the lamps were placed in the square. Six arms on the lamps are great examples of Gaudi's abilities to combine usefulness, with decorations and aesthetics.

The fountain at the heart of the square also adds to the atmosphere here, and so do the street vendors and the shoe shiners on the street.

For stamp fans or coin collectors- on Sundays there is a covered market at the square for stamps with coins, a small but lively market.
Loreta Square
#About the Prettiest Square in Prague

Loreta Square (Loretanske Namesti) is the prettiest square in Prague, and has many interesting buildings. Among them is the ancient Capuchin Monastery, the Church of Our Lady of Loreto in Prague, the St. Vitus Cathedral, and more.

A few buildings worth mentioning:

Černín Palace: Here the Foreign Minister died, who opposed communism, Jan Masaryk, in 1948 (Read more about this - Click on the tag "Cerninsky Palac"). There are two very interesting areas here.

Santa Casa: In the center of the courtyard of the Loreto Temple stands a building that is a replica of the "House of Our Lady." According to the legend, angels carried the house of the Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus, from Nazareth in the Land of Israel to the village of Loreto in Italy, where it is still displayed and is considered an important site for Christian pilgrims.

The house here, one of the dozens of replicas created for the original house and planned by the Italian architect Giovanni Orsi, is a focal point of pilgrimage to masses of Christian believers each year.

The real story is a little different. It begins with Santa Casa, the original sacred house of the city of Nazareth, where the Virgin Mary was believed to have lived while Angel Gabriel informed her that she was going to have Jesus. It is speculated that around 1291 the Italian Angeli family bought the Santa Casa in Nazareth and transferred it, stone by stone, to the town of Loreto, Italy. The name "Angeli" is probably the one who created the legend of the angels who moved the house and became famous throughout the Christian world.

The Treasure Room - where real treasure is displayed, with plenty of tools embedded in gold, diamonds and gemstones. The main one is "Shemesh Prague" - a sacrament, which is encrusted with thousands of diamonds.
Wenceslas Square
#About the Luxurious Protestor's Square in the Heart of the New City

Wenceslas Square (Václavské Námestí) is a long square in the center of Prague, also known as the "Republic Square." This is a long walkway, about 750 meters long, that has a wide open space starting in the old city, leading towards the South-East. It begins at the National Museum, in the old Parliament Building, and arrives at the shopping street Ma Prikope.

The square, the main square in the new city of Prague, is a center for protest and celebrations for the Czech Republic, the beating heart of the country, what is known as the "square of demonstrations," where several major events took place in the history of the Czech Republic. In 1918 the Czech Republic announced its independence. Here the Czech protested against the Nazis before they occupied Czech. Years later, this is where the end of World War II was announced. Here the Czech also demonstrated against the Communist rule, and the two students Jan Palach and his friend are commemorated here, who lit themselves on fire in protest of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and the violent Communist suppression of the "Spring of Nations" in the country.

In 1989, right here in the square, the famous protest was here, the Velvet Revolution, which eventually overthrew the Communist rule in the country and brought democracy to the Czech Republic. Look up at the balcony of house number 36, called the Melantrich Building. Now allow yourselves to imagine Václav Havel and Alexander Dubček standing next to Nablus and announcing the end of the Communist regime in the country at the end of the Velvet Revolution.

The square is packed on a daily basis, filled with tourists. However the square is also a center for night life. The majority of the city's fancy restaurants are here, with stores, and the big clubs in Prague.

In the square you can be impressed by two of its well-known symbols. The first is the bronze statue of Václav Havel, and the second is that National Museum of the Czech Republic. Both are located at the edge of the square.


#What Can be Seen in the Square?

In the square that is a sort of rectangular boulevard, are a few national statues that are important to the Czech Republic. Among them can be seen the bronze statue and Václav Havel, and the church named after it. Václav, the king of the Czech in the 10th century, is considered the one who connected tribes in the area and create the nation. In the eyes of the Czechs, the king is on the same level as a saint, and a protector of the region of Bohemia, in general and the city of Prague in particular

Next to the statue of Václav Havel you can see more statues of other saints that are related to the city of Prague. For instance, the statue of Agnes, a 12-year-old girl, who became a saint after she refused to marry the son of the Roman ruler. Legend says that as punishment for refusing the marriage, she was thrown into the streets naked. According to faith she stayed a virgin, after an angel answered her prayers and covered her up with her hair. Agnes was later put to death, and became a saint.

Another statue is of Ludmila, the mother of Wenceslas himself, who is considered the Holy Mother of the Bohemians, who by the way, are not the warlords but the people of Bohemia, including the inhabitants of Prague.

In the square are also the statues of Adelbert, a past Bishop of Prague, and of Prokop, a Christian saint born in Jerusalem who succeeded in converting 6,000 barbarians to Christianity by presenting them with the cross.



#Tips

We recommend getting to the square around the evening, when the square is full with people and locals, and the statue and museum are lit up beautifully.



A Closer Look at Wenceslas Square:

https://youtu.be/3W7OGUEuv7Q



The Square During Christmas:

https://youtu.be/idSuMs976CY



The Monument in the Memory of Jan Palach in Winter:

https://youtu.be/yZQKpxHaj-w
Nezavisimost Square
#About the Square of the City of Varna

The vibrant Nezavisimost Square of Varna is the city's main square and its historical center since it was liberated from the occupation in 1878.

This is a large square-shaped square that has the city's singing fountain, that was planned in 1960. The central pedestrian mall is also located in the square and not far from it is the regional court.

In Nazivisimost Square (meaning Independence) is the city theater, which was completed in 1932, the city's oldest opera house, and its famous clock tower.

The name of this square has changed several times over the years. In 1878 the square was called Musala, the name of the old Muslim cemetery, which is nearby. After the liberation from the Ottoman rule, the name of the square was changed to Preslevski Square, named after Praslav Street. In honor of Bulgaria's independence in 1908, the name was changed to Nazivisimost Square, meaning Independence Square.

In 1952 the name was changed again, this time commemorating the beginning of the Bulgarian communist regime, receiving the name September 9th Square. Only in 1992, when the Communist era in Bulgaria was over, was the square returned to the name Nezavisimost Square.

Incidentally, the remains of a fortified Roman wall were discovered in an archaeological excavation in the square. Today you can see a small section of it, just behind the "New Yorker" store.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/wNkBKddqkuw


The Wonderful Fountain Here:

https://youtu.be/5spxDJeeqh4
Piazza del Duomo
Alexander Sqaure
Gendarmenmarkt
Potsdam Square
University of Bucharest


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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שלום,
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