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Placa Catalunya
Catalonia Square
#About the Square

One of the most familiar and central squares in Barcelona is the Catalonia Square. If you are walking around the city, you will probably walk through here several times.

Truth is, the history of the square is long and significant. After the 19th century, the city walls were completely destroyed, different city planners from around the world came and offered different ideas for the public lands of the city. The square itself was planned in 1859 but was only actually constructed in 1888, the same year as the World Expo was held in Barcelona. The first time the square was open for visitors was 1902.

Throughout the years the square was used as a place for rulers and leaders for public protests. Towards the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929, changes were made in the square - buildings and the underground train.

The size of the square is 50,000 square meters, and around you will find stores, restaurants, hotels, and other huge buildings. In the square many pigeons gather daily. It is interesting to see the statues placed here, like the statue of the "The Shepherd with the Flute," by Pablo Gargallo, and 'La Diosa' (The Goddess) by Josep Clarà.


#Tips for Winter

Skating on ice in the winter - usually between the months of November to January, this square becomes an ice skating rink. The price is not high and includes the skates.

Want to shop? - In the square is one of the chains of El Corte Inglés that can help you find all. If it's winter, from the 7th of January until the end of March there are wonderful sales.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Toa7_Xrqh6Y
Plaa Reial
Plaça Reial
#About the Tourist Square of the Barcelona Night

The square located in the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona is located near the La Rambla Avenue and is a main tourist destination, especially at night. In the square you can find many restaurants, cafes, night clubs, bars, and stores. Many times concerts were performed here in the open air, celebrations and festivals.

The square was planned by Francesc Daniel Molina i Casamajó in the 19th century. Notice the lamps on the famous street of Plaça Reial. These lamps, with 6 arms each, were designed by the famous Gaudi, the architect and artist who left his impact on every corner of this wonderful city. The lamps were planned by Gaudi in 1878, when he finished his studies. In 1902, when Gaudi was already famous and well-known, the lamps were placed in the square. Six arms on the lamps are great examples of Gaudi's abilities to combine usefulness, with decorations and aesthetics.

The fountain at the heart of the square also adds to the atmosphere here, and so do the street vendors and the shoe shiners on the street.

For stamp fans or coin collectors- on Sundays there is a covered market at the square for stamps with coins, a small but lively market.
La Mar Salada
La Mar Salada
#About the Creative Restaurant in Barcelona

If once the Spanish restaurant La Mer Salada was a simple and ordinary seafood restaurant, in the past few years it has become a trendy and creative restaurant in Barcelona. Prices are good and the quality of the dishes are high.

The chef Mark Singela, which has been leading the impressive transition knowns to offer exceptional dishes, try it yourself.
Columbus Monument
Columbus Monument
#The Monument in Memory of Columbus

One of the most famous monuments in Barcelona was built for Christopher Columbus, the man who discovered America. It is located in Plaza de Colón Square, which is also named after the famous explorer and is located near where Columbus arrived with his ships after his first voyage to America.

The monument was built in 1888, prior to the Barcelona Expo. A statue of Columbus standing on a tall, imposing stone pillar. It is made of bronze and is slightly over 7 meters high. Columbus's hand points west, toward the New World, which was the direction Columbus traveled to, the Caribbean and what would be revealed as America. The sculptor was Rafael Atche.

At the top of the column there is a viewpoint, which can be ascended, in groups of up to 12 people at the same time. So there will be long lines here.

Next to the monument there is also a reconstruction of one of Columbus' ships. You can go into it and learn about the little details related to such ships and the period in which they live and work.

At the base of the monument are several statues, female figures, and reliefs, depicting parts of Columbus' travels and many other descriptions and figures. If you are a fan of history, a review of the monument will be of great interest to you. Around the monument are statues of lions.

Tour Along La Rambla

La Rambla
La Rambla
#About the Central Avenue of Barcelona

La Rambla is a central avenue in Barcelona, it is a kilometer long tourist destination. Along the avenue, a few additional points are worth a visit, like the Mercado de La Boqueria Market. There are many vendors, some bother the tourists, beggars and other interesting people. The avenue is well taken care of, and you will find many stores and restaurants.

The origin of the name, is a version of the word Ramel, meaning 'sand' in Arabic. This avenue sat on dried stream lanes.

Today the avenue includes hotels, signs, statues, street performances and talented acts, historical buildings like the theater building, the first clock of Barcelona, and the ancient University building. Among everything else, you can see here colorful mosaics at the entrance to the market. The artist Joan Mirò created it in 1976, and it marks the point of entry to the Gothic Quarter.

At the end of the avenue, you can see the statue in memory of Columbus, known as the Columbus Monument (Monument a Colom), the Wax Museum, the Opera House, and other interesting buildings.

Before soccer games between the Barcelona team and other European cities, you can see hundreds of excited fans here, walking, yelling, and singing loudly. This is one of the lively streets where you can find many tourists, wandering and looking through the different tourist points. Sometimes on weekends there are artist markets here, attracting thousands of visitors, the market sells all sorts of hand made art. On these busy days, pay close attention to your bags, there are very good pickpocketers here.




A Closer Look at La Rambla:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fu4fHfpf2LQ
LAqurium de Barcelona
Barcelona Aquarium
#About the Aquarium

The Barcelona Aquarium (L'Aquàrium de Barcelona) is a must-see for fish lovers. The aquarium is located in the port area of ​​the city, at the end of the Ramblas Boulevard.

There are 35 water tanks in the aquarium, in which more than 11,000 animals can be seen from 450 different species. They were brought from all over the ocean.

The aquarium opened in 1995 and is still considered one of the city's leading sites. Every year, hundreds of thousands of tourists visit it, and over 14 million people have already visited.

One of the most interesting attractions in the aquarium is its underwater tunnel, which is 80 meters long. It passes under the sea and through its walls you can watch the water animals, living in their natural environment. And by the way, do not worry, you do not have to hold the whole 80 meters without resting - along the tunnel there are places to sit and you can just rest and watch the fish around you. No less than magic!

It's worth checking out at the beginning what hours shark feeding takes place. This is a rare opportunity to watch these carnivores in action.

The aquarium has quite a few activities for children, such as diving with sharks, diving in a transparent cage and more.


#Tips

A moment of shopping? - At the exit of the aquarium you will meet one of the city's most luxurious shopping and entertainment centers - the Maremagnum. Instead of many great stores and also experiences like IMAX cinema and even a casino. In the winter, from January until the end of March, there are surpluses at significant discounts.


A Closer Look at the Aquarium:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A7nb0v_6fvA
Palau Gell
Güell Palace
#About the Building

One of the pretty and impressive buildings by Gaudi in Barcelona is the Güell Palace (Palau Güell), the residential house of the Güell family. It is located in the La Rambla neighborhood, right near the Ramblas Avenue. There is a reason the rich industrial tycoon Eusebi Güell hired the services of the talented Gaudi. Güell was impressed by Gaudi's previous works and wanted some of the magic for himself. There is no doubt that this creation was important in turning Gaudi into an architectural icon. Thanks to the beauty, the Güell Palace was announced as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Except for summer days when the family was gone for vacations, the Güell family lived in this house from 1890 until 1936. In 1914 the father of the family moved to a village, that has since become the famous Güell Park.

Even though during this time the artist was inexperienced, Gaudi was given an endless budget to build the house. He himself built and designed all aspects of the building. Many motifs that characterize Gaudi come alive here: neo-Gothic symbols, animal symbols, and many (original) arches, and reminders of ancient Catalonians symbols. Here Gaudi also used his typical natural building elements, like marble and wood, that throughout his lifetime he developed in different pieces.

In the building, Gaudi also planned a special entrance for the family's carriages. The entrance was large enough for a carriage to even turn around and drop off guests. In the receiving room, there are peeking holes, where the house's residents can peek to see who came to visit them, without being seen. In the ceiling of the dining room, small windows were places to give the feeling of a sky full of stars. This was thanks to lanterns that were lit during the evening hours above the windows.



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
Museu Martim de Barcelona
Maritime Museum
#About the Museum

If you are history fans, especially naval history, this museum is perfect for you. Here you can get to know the lives of the seafarers and their sailing machines.

The special building where you are standing used to be the royal shipyard, where ships used to be made, fixed, and stored. The first museum was established in 1929. Its purpose was to express and bring to life the studies of the old Navy School. At the same time, the museum and the library collected different art pieces from navy schools from around the world. In 1935 organizations in Barcelona decided to establish a large Navy museum, to help document and preserve the importance of the sailing and water activities to the city.

In the large space with arches above, which today is the Maritime Museum of Barcelona, you can see ship models and read stories about the seafarers. You can learn about the sailing history of Catalonia, and see different exhibits having to do with navigation and ships. The museum is suitable for children, and no less - adults.

Notice the model of the "Gally" - a flatboat that sails with oars or sails, that used to be operated by prisoners or slaves. This boat led the Spanish army to a big victory in 1571, against the Turkish ships.

Another perfect attraction for children is the sailing ship, located in one of the halls, where visitors can feel the movements from blowing winds around. Let children climb to the deck, and imagine themselves sailing to the heart of the ocean.

You can find here ship parts from the Roman period, reliefs from the Arab period, furniture of passengers, an exhibit dedicated to the development of steamships, and much more fascinating subjects. There are also maritime maps, ancient and rare, and are an inseparable part of the items displayed here.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ff4GUActZPs


Mercado de La Boqueria
Mercado de La Boqueria
#About Barcelona's Amazing Food Market

This market is a name in all of Europe and one of the most pleasant and varied food markets in the world. One of the most colorful spots in Barcelona is the Mercado de La Boqueria. Foods, colors, spices, fruits, vegetables, drinks, shakes and sweets - all you can find here. The market is out of Rambla Avenue and has been here for centuries. The La Boqueria is covered and its ceiling is inspired. After a five-minute walk from the entrance to the market you can see the artwork of Joan Miró that is also there.

In the past, there was a monastery called St. Joseph. Back in the 12th century, the market began as a meeting place for butchers, who sold pigs near the monastery. Only in the 19th century did the place begin to receive its status as a market where Barcelona's farmers and fishermen concentrated. In those years, the monastery was also destroyed by a popular anarchist disturbance.

If we are used to thinking of a market as a crowded, noisy, not very clean and messy place, La Boqueria Market represents the opposite - a clean and orderly market that conducts a cooking seminar and a gastronomic school.

However, the magic of the regular market is kept here. The smell of food, the crowded stalls, the abundance of products and the bustle of merchants. Here you will find tempting fruit stalls offering ready dishes of cut and washed fruits, freshly squeezed fruit juices in colored glasses, candy stands, dried fruits, fish and seafood, coffee, chocolate, wines and more. You can also see here slightly less aesthetic stalls, some with heads and legs of a pig, hanging game meat, worms for cooking, insects for eating and more.

In the market La Boqueria there are places where you can sit and have lunch, with many flavors and a variety of kitchens and cooking styles. This market has won many awards and has already been picked more than once as the best food market around the world. What do you say? Should we go tasting?
Xurreria Manuel San Román
#About the Best Churros in Barcelona

Many recommend the Xurreria Manuel San Román, for the best churros in Barcelona.

The delicious churros that you will get here, a type of donut, Spanish donuts, have been made here since 1968. You can dip these into choco-latte, a thick chocolate drinks, rich and sweet, exactly like is expected in Span, served together with churros and special dip.

The sweet desserts are the luxury of desserts in Barcelona. Crispy on the outside, soft and warm on the inside, and not too sweet, are the best desserts in the city, or a really fun breakfast, in a Spanish style, next to a cup of cappuccino or espresso.

Enjoy!


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/bKmn5Raahy4


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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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