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Zlata Ulicka
Golden Lane
#About the Convict's and Author's Alleyway

The Golden Lane (Zlata Ulicka) is a small alleyway that contains houses, all small with small doorways, and colorful from the outside. They remind a little of doll houses, and it's entertaining to think that this was an area for crime and thieves in the 19th century.

Historians say that contrasting its nickname (Alchemist's Lane), alchemists never sat here. Alchemists who were maybe scholars but mainly crooks who tried to make gold for kings in ancient times. If there was a small relation to alchemists it was through Rudolph II, the king in the days the alley houses were built, who housed a few goldsmiths on a nearby street, Vikarska Street, north of St. Vitus Cathedral. In the Golden Lane where you stand, he preferred to house his guards and the palace soldiers.

Either way, in the 20th century authors and other philosophers discovered the area and started moving in. They made this alleyway a destination , and a picturesque place to want to visit.

Among these dwellers, was the Jewish author Franz Kafka, who lived in house number 22 between 1916-1917. You can recognize the house as it is very photographed.


#Tips

Entering the alley and houses costs money.

At the end of the alleyway you can see a small torture museum and a toy museum, which is recommended to all.



A Closer Look at the Famous Alleyway:

https://youtu.be/-Ii26sdS1Gg



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/7gjulsMlq4k
Cerninsky Palac
Černín Palace
#About the Palace Where the Communists Closed the Accounts

150 meters long, Černín Palace (Černínský Palác) is the largest palace in Prague. In the 17th century it was built by a rich Earl named Chernin. But as happens often in life, the huge and not entirely calculated financial investment of the rich Earl brought financial ruin upon him and his family almost reached the brim.

This building was used for various tings in the past, until the start of the 20th century when the building became the Foreign Ministry of the new Republic of Czechoslovakia, which was created. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs continued to dwell in it later, and this, incidentally, is the role of the palace to this day.



#The Mysterious Death of Jan Masaryk

This was 1948, a little after the fall of Czechoslovakia to communism. In the Palace's garden, used by the Foreign Ministry, a body was found.

It was soon understood that the body was none other than the Foreign Minister himself, Jan Masaryk. the same Foreign Minister was not merely a politician. He was the son of the founder of the republic, Thomas Masaryk, and a politician beloved by the Czech people.

The suspicion that the circumstances of his death were very large. Jan Masaryk was the only minister in the Czechoslovak government who was not a Communist. His opposition of communism and the methods of assassinations of opponents of the Communist parties were widely known around the world.

The mystery remains to this day. There were never any signs of whether the beloved foreign minister had committed suicide because of his depression from the new regime, or was thrown out of the window to his death by those Communist dissidents whom he did not like so much.

In any event, if he was murdered, the murderers of the minister and the legendary son of Masaryk, the founder of the Czech Republic and his democratic political vision that was completely opposed to the Communists, were now the new rulers of the state at the time.
Hradcanske Namesti
Hradčany Square
#About the Fortress Square

Hradčany Square (Hradcanské námestí) is the fortress square, a fancy square surrounded by buildings that combine the styles of Baroque, Renaissance and Rococo.

Among the palaces and buildings that add to its impressive landscape is the Palace of Martinez, the Palace of Tosca, the Schwarzenberg Palace, the Archbishop's House where the Archbishop of Prague lived.

In the square is also the Sternberg Palace, decorated with black and white. Today it is a great art museum, with classic European artwork on its walls.



A Closer Look at Hradčany Square, A Concert Where all Orchestra Musicians Played Out of Mercedes Cars:

https://youtu.be/7vrTAv7s3Qs


A Tour from the Square to Interesting Places in the Fortress:

https://youtu.be/TsFn2uZGjh4
Schwarzenberg Palc
Schwarzenberg Palace
#About the Palace that Became a Temple of Baroque and Renaissance Art

Schwarzenberg Palace (Schwarzenberg Palác) is an impressive building from the Renaissance period, built in 1543 and is very well-known, thanks to the unique reliefs that cover the exterior, creating the illusion of diamond shaped bricks.

The Palace is part of the National Gallery, located in Hradcany Square, among a number of palaces and luxury buildings, that combine the styles of Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo. The three floors today are used as a museum, or to host the permanent exhibition called "Baroque Palaces of Bohemia." The exhibition features the best sculptures and paintings of the National Gallery, from the late Baroque and Renaissance periods.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/773bw8S0-dw

Tour of Prague Castle

Belveder
Belvedere Summer Palace
#About the perfect Renaissance Palace, with the Upside-Down Roof

Belvedere – The Royal Summer Palace

The Belveder Summer Palace (Kralovsky Letohradek) is the only palace of its kind in the Czech Republic, which is a palace in the Renaissance style. You may have already seen it, from one of your observations from other parts of Prague. It is recognized from afar by his roof, which looks like an overturned large boat.

It was not accidently built so alike the Italian style, those who designed it in the 16th century were Italian architects, who were invited by King Ferdinand I as a gift to his beloved wife Anna, who unfortunately died after giving birth to her fifteenth son.

Today the palace serves as a museum for exhibitions. Most of the time it is closed and can only be entered during exhibitions and concerts. On the other hand, many say that the palace, which many consider the most perfect Renaissance structure outside of Italy, and its gardens, are designed to be seen mainly from the outside.

Notice that outside the fountain in front of the palace makes sounds of the water falling on the bronze, and has given the fountain the nickname "the singing fountain." Look out over the magnificent St. Vitus Cathedral nearby.

Along the palace is a columned terrace overlooking the Belvedere Summer Palace garden, also known as the Royal Garden. These majestic gardens reach the height of their beauty during the spring and summer, with the tulips and flower beds at the height of their spectacular blooming.
Loreto Square
Loreta Square
#About the Prettiest Square in Prague

Loreta Square (Loretanske Namesti) is the prettiest square in Prague, and has many interesting buildings. Among them is the ancient Capuchin Monastery, the Church of Our Lady of Loreto in Prague, the St. Vitus Cathedral, and more.

A few buildings worth mentioning:

Černín Palace: Here the Foreign Minister died, who opposed communism, Jan Masaryk, in 1948 (Read more about this - Click on the tag "Cerninsky Palac"). There are two very interesting areas here.

Santa Casa: In the center of the courtyard of the Loreto Temple stands a building that is a replica of the "House of Our Lady." According to the legend, angels carried the house of the Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus, from Nazareth in the Land of Israel to the village of Loreto in Italy, where it is still displayed and is considered an important site for Christian pilgrims.

The house here, one of the dozens of replicas created for the original house and planned by the Italian architect Giovanni Orsi, is a focal point of pilgrimage to masses of Christian believers each year.

The real story is a little different. It begins with Santa Casa, the original sacred house of the city of Nazareth, where the Virgin Mary was believed to have lived while Angel Gabriel informed her that she was going to have Jesus. It is speculated that around 1291 the Italian Angeli family bought the Santa Casa in Nazareth and transferred it, stone by stone, to the town of Loreto, Italy. The name "Angeli" is probably the one who created the legend of the angels who moved the house and became famous throughout the Christian world.

The Treasure Room - where real treasure is displayed, with plenty of tools embedded in gold, diamonds and gemstones. The main one is "Shemesh Prague" - a sacrament, which is encrusted with thousands of diamonds.
Kralovska Zahrada
Royal Garden of Prague Castle
#About the Belveder Summer Castle Gardens

Next to the Belveder Summer Castle in Prague, from the colonnade of the palace, the royal palace gardens can be seen. The gardens (Kralovska Zahrada) are spectacularly beautiful gardens.

These royal gardens are famous for their tulip blossoms and flower beds. These palace gardens reach the peak of their beauty during spring and summer, when the tulips and flower beds are at their most spectacular blossoms and one can then stand on the colonnaded veranda along the palace and watch them.

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/fJI1t0OUFhA
Sternberg Palace
‪Sternberg Palace‬
#About the Palace that Displays Classic European Art

The ‪Sternberg Palace‬ (Šternberský Palác) in Hradčany Square is in fact a museum of classical European art, from the classic period until the end of the Baroque period.

The main attractions at the museum at the ‪Sternberg Palace‬ is "The Master's Collection." Among the works that can be seen here are the works of artists such as Goya, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyke and El Greco. The National Gallery of European Art also offers the works of later artists such as Paul Guggen, Cezanne, Matisse, Picasso and Marc Chagall.

The walls of the ‪Sternberg Palace‬ feature beautiful black and white decorations. The palace, designed by the Italian architect Giovanni Elperandi, is built in the Baroque style and is one of the most beautiful buildings around the square filled with palaces.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/HjD6O7UxQ9E


Star Krlovsk Palc
Old Royal Palace
#About the Palace of Kings

The Old Royal Palace (Starý Královský Palác), established in the 9th century, was used by the kings of Bohemia, who did not stop renovating it to suit them. This is why, if you examine it carefully, you will find that it contains a variety of architectural styles - Romanesque style, early Gothic style and late Classical construction.

The magnificent and impressive Valdislav Hall was built in the 16th century and is best known for its vaulted ceiling. The entire hall was built in Gothic style. During the cold winter days of the Middle Ages, spear fights were fought here.

The governor's room, actually connected to the door with the hall, was the place where the Thirty Years War began in 1618. The reason was the "second throwing from the window" - the pushing of two members of the Catholic Council through the window to the canal below.

Today the hall is used for special parliamentary sessions where Czech presidents are elected.

At the far end of the hall, you'll see the Chapel of All Saints. It was designed by Petr Parléř, after the fire of 1541 destroyed many of the fortress buildings. The chapel was rebuilt in the Renaissance style and boasts a number of examples of 17th century German paintings.

On the second floor added to the hall is the archive of the palace (once the royal archives) where Czech documents of historical significance are kept.

Most parts of the palace are open to tourists, and you will find the National Gallery, a collection of Baroque artworks, an exhibition dedicated to Czech history, a Prague Castle photo gallery and more. Every hour there is an exchange of guards. At 12:00 pm, the exchange includes all the guards in a full lineup accompanied by an orchestra and trumpet.



A View of the Palace from the Inside:

https://youtu.be/y75acxmv_OA
St. Vitus Cathedral
#About Prague's Gothic Cathedral

St. Vitus Cathedral (Katedrala St. Vita) is one of the beautiful and impressive Gothic creations in Europe. Today the cathedral is where the archbishop of Prague sits.

It was built for a period of 500 years (starting in 1344) by Karl IV, over the ruins of an ancient church that stood here before: the Romanesque Basilica and Rotunda. In 1419 the construction came to a halt because of the Hussite Wars. Finally, it was completed in 1929 with an investment of the Czech government. It was built in a variety of styles - Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Art-Nouveau.

In the front are statues, carvings and a large window with scenes from the creation of the world. At the entrance are also pointy towers 80 meters high. In the garden across the southern entrance you will see a gate facing the park - a green and lovely area with a gorgeous view.

Inside the cathedral you can see an especially large space, crowded with paintings, mosaics and statues, a large altar, a huge selection of portraits and a mausoleum where kings and their family are buried. It also has two famous cathedrals - the Wenceslas Chapel and the Crown Chapel.

In the basement are buried a number of great leaders from the royal line, and there is an interesting story about them. While the cathedral was being built, the coffin and remains of King Karl were lost, and were found only a few hundred years later.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/C-zBM4YkJ4I
Toy Museum
#About the Museum of Toys from All Periods

The Toy Museum (Muzeum hraček) in Prague is a museum that was established in the Golden Lane by an enthusiastic collector of toys named Ivan Steiger. The man is a German caricaturist that decided to share his giant collection between two museums he started, one in Germany and one in Prague.

About the size, the Prague Toy Museum is considered the second largest in the world. In the seven exhibit halls are displayed toys from around the Czech and Moravia, and the rest of the world.

The toys located in this big museum, between the two floors, start from the ancient Greek period, and up to ultra-modern toys from the 21st century. The collection here includes different folding wooden dolls, nostalgic toys, robots, army soldiers, Barbies, Lego, teddy bears, toy cars, old tin toys, airplane models, and more.

The museum is recommended for young children, and those who are forever children, meaning parents that still remember the charm in all these toys.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/yzMdRcYziOE



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/EHc2qYwmZGc
Church of Our Lady of Loreto
#About the Temple that is a Palace, that is a Church

The Church of Our Lady of Loreto in Prague (Pražská Loreta) in Loreta Square is actually a palace from the 17th century, built in the Baroque style. It has an extremely impressive exterior, with a varied statue collection. A tombstone that was donated by the Bohemian aristocrat Catherine Lubkovich in 1626, made it a pilgrimage point for the inhabitants of Prague and the area, and for many of the religious inhabitants of Bohemia.

In the inner courtyard there are beautiful arches and in its center stands a replica, an exact copy of the Santa Casa - the home of the Virgin Mary of Nazareth. Legend has it that three angels carried the house from Israel to the Loreta in Italy, and this is how the city was saved from the sinners. In the religious fervor that engulfed Bohemians and Catholics in general, after the victory of the Catholics in the 30-year war, about 50 such Santa Casas were built throughout Europe.

On the church walls are incredible paintings that are intertwined with the shape of the wall itself, and besides paintings, in the treasure room you will see a breathtaking collection of jewelry, gemstones, and diamonds.

The church is located in the Hradčany district in Prague, so you can complete a visit here with a few other interesting sites. Pay attention! It is forbidden to take photos at the church, unless you agree to pay a donation.



A Closer Look at the Church:

https://youtu.be/X2Xx-V5SGDo


The Ringing Bells:

https://youtu.be/rKnJU-6a6do


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.