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Keplerovo Muzeum
Kepler Museum
#About the House Where the Famous Astronomer Kepler Lived

The Kepler Museum (Keplerovo Muzeum) is a small and interesting museum, mostly for those who are interested in astronomy and science. Here, in the melancholy house, you can closely learn about the life of the astronomer Johannes Kepler, who lived here. Look at the modest metal sign that commemorates him at the entrance to the house.

The museum operates in the French Crown House, the building where German astronomer Johan Kepler lived in 1607-1612, the time when he completed his important book, The New Astronomy.

Kepler did not randomly arrive in Prague from his homeland of Germany. In German he found himself fighting against the church, after pastors began declaring his mother a witch. So Kepler arrived in Prague at the age of 28, to work with the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, who worked and researched in Prague.

Kepler, a scientist in his soul and diligent researcher, was not satisfied with the astronomy research. If you notice in the small garden, you can imagine Kepler studying the shapes of snow flakes that would pile up in winter, and their complex geometrical shape.
Pran Brna
Powder Tower
#About the Only Gate Tower Left of the Gates of Old Prague

You are right in front of the Powder Tower (Prašná Brána), one of the most impressive examples of the fortifications of Old Prague, built in 1475. It is the only one left from that period out of the 13 gates of the entrance to the Old City.

The Powder Tower, which by the way is near the Town Hall of Prague, is 65 meters high. But when it was established, it was called the "New Tower." The reason is that it was then new in relation to the bridge tower of the Old City, which was built about a hundred years before it.

The name of the tower was replaced in the 17th century to the name "Powder Tower " because gun ammunition used to be stored here.

Today the tower is open to visitors. Those interested can see it at the exhibition, where you can learn about the history of this impressive building.




If you wish, you can climb the 186 steps to a beautiful observation point, with a view of the entire old city.


https://youtu.be/3mqUKAxCn2E


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/_xi0XsDzKAc?t=4m22s&end=5m45s



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/-jZ9Idihgvc
Klementinum
Clementinum
#About the Impressive Religious University of the Jesuits

The Clementinum (Klementinum) is a Jesuit college, of the first in Bohemia. This is a complex of beautiful Baroque style buildings, spreading over 20 square kilometers. There are two churches, 3 chapels, a concert hall, a museum, and two impressive towers, one of them used to contain an observatory that was used by Johannes Kepler.

In the Clementinum are several wonderful concert halls, of the best in all of the Czech Republic.

As visitors, you can mainly walk around the garden areas. Entrance to the building is only allowed during a limited time - from the 20 of May for 4 days only.

If you cut across to th e sidewalk on the other side, you will be able to see the grotesque decorations on the Clementinum.



#History of the Clementinum

The story of the magnificent institution begins in the 16th century, when King Ferdinand I granted the territory to the Jesuits in order to restore the Czechs to the Catholic religion. The Jesuits began building the university of the Dominican convent of St. Clement. This is where the name of the institution comes from, that became a university.

The Jesuits also built an observatory here, where the pretty towers of the Clementinum are located. The well-known astronomer Johannes Kepler conducted many experiments here that were important and ground breaking.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zYpK9OsUvH0



The Library, of the Prettiest in the World:

https://youtu.be/E8D-ARBXgU0
Grvin Wax Museum
Grevin Wax Museum
#About Prague's Wax Museum

As is acceptable in similar museums around the world, the Prague Wax Museum (Grévin Wax Museum) is a family entertainment attraction.

Apparently, already in the window of the museum you will see the realistic wax dolls of famous figures such as Charlie Chaplin or Harry Potter. Almost a hundred years separate them, but here, in the museum, they are right next to each other.

In this museum there are figures made out of wax, almost lifelike, of important figures from history, especially from Bohemian Czech. There are also famous figures from around the world. From politicians to leaders, Hollywood stars and singers, superheroes and comic figures, athletes, and movie characters - everyone here promises a fun and entertaining family outing.

The museum is inside an old building, and is a place for children, who even if they don't recognize Franz Kafka and King Karl, will enjoy taking photos with the well-known figures that they do know, from their favorite movies and online.



A Closer Look Prague's Wax Museum:

https://youtu.be/zUeYdrZIrMo

Tour of Stare Miasto

Tyn Cathedral
Church of Our Lady before Týn
#About the Church with the Organ that Mozart Played

The Church of Our Lady before Týn (Tyn Cathedral, Kostel Matky Boží Před Týnem) is an impressive Gothic Cathedral from the Middle Ages.

The Church is one of the bases of reformist activity in Christianity. From the death of Jan Hus until 1620, it was the stronghold of the Hussites in Prague.



#The Church's Architecture

The Týn Cathedral was built between 1511-1536, at the height of the Middle Ages.

The church's two black turrets take over the Old City skyline and stand at the height of 80 meters.

Inside the cathedral you can see the Gothic cross of the alter, and next to it the church organ, from the Rococo period.



#About the Women-Chasing Astronomer Buried in the Church

To the left of the entrance you will see the tomb of the famous astronomer Tycho Brahe. He was the astronomer of Emperor Rudolph II, apart from astronomy he was also interested in something else...

Tycho Brahe was a drinker and an ardent female pursuer. What does ardent mean exactly? - Once he even lost part of his nose in a duel with a jealous husband. Since then he used to put a metal piece on his face. Brahe died in 1601 during an excessive drinking night and it is told that this silver nose was buried with him here.



A View from Above at Týn Cathedral and the Area:

https://youtu.be/SA0SukowWtQ
LEGO Museum
LEGO Museum
#About Prague's LEGO Museum

The LEGO Museum in Prague is one of the very few modest museums of their kind around the world. This is actually a private museum, it's all a one-man initiative, a real LEGO nut, who decided to build a museum of all the LEGO models he had built. The museum is located under the LEGO store, in the basement. There are thousands of models, of all different shapes and sizes, all impressive and fascinating, and extremely well organized.

The place without a doubt a worth a visit for all LEGO lovers, including "Star Wars" fans, who will have a whole floor dedicated to the series. Don't let the modesty of the museum bother you, and not the high-priced ticket either, especially for adults...children will enjoy this museum immensely.




A Closer Look at Prague's LEGO Museum:

http://youtu.be/EeOgvVkfMic



Another Look at the LEGO Museum:

http://youtu.be/h4fb4wnMP1w
Museum of Medieval Torture Instruments
Museum of Medieval Torture Instruments
#About the Museum with the Torture Tools from the Middle Ages

The Museum of Medieval Torture Instruments is located in the middle of the Old City of Prague and displays a variety of torture tools, mostly used by the royal house and the catholic church of the Middle Ages. Those who love horror movies, will probably love this place.

In the museum, located in a dark and mysterious basement, what empowers the reluctant experience, the museum displays about 100 torture tools, used by Catholic examiners to identify traitors and criminals and those who had sinned against the Church or committed heresy.

For everything to be clear, there are dozens of photos, of the different kinds of torture practiced, and of the cruel methods of executions. They explain in detail how the equipment shown here was used to inflict suffering on interrogees and defendants, until they confessed or passed away.

There are also almost-human wax figures, which illustrate the torture in a pathetic and horrifying way. The sound effects that resonate throughout the basement do not make it difficult to imagine the suffering that the people here knew. Sad, and filling us with joy that this age has passed.



#What Can Be Seen at the Museum?

Among the terrible torture tools displayed in the two-floor museum, are items like body stretching, head pressing tools, equipment for cutting off organs, equipment that stings and stabs nails, scratches and removes the skin and more. The amount of imagination required to invent such cruel instruments and the morbid head of their planners evokes sad thoughts about faith and religion and what is between them.



#Tips

There is a combine ticket for both museums - the wax and the torture, located very close to one another.

There are also family tickets available for a discount, and cheaper tickets for children, students, and retirees.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/99wTqayY8-I
Staromestska Namesti
Old Town Square
#The Beautiful Central Square of Prague

Old Town Square (Staroměstské Náměstí) which many see as the most beautiful square in the world, is the Square of the Old Town. The square is considered one of Prague's main tourist attractions, and indeed it is the most beautiful square in Europe, perhaps the most popular in Prague itself.

The square is surrounded by magnificent buildings, including architectural pearls such as the Church of Our Lady before Týn, St. Nicholas Church and the Old Town Hall. The impressive buildings in the square are decorated in Gothic and Baroque style.

The history of Old Town Square begins in the 10th century. The square served as a bustling market area, and vibrant center of life in Old Prague.

In the center of the square stands a statue of Jan Hus, a reformer and an important figure in Czech history.

On the Old Town Hall is the Astronomical Clock, which rings every hour and magnetizes masses of tourists. When this happens, the square fills up with a crowd waiting to see the clock.


#Tips

Want to enjoy the show, without having to stand tight, with the whole audience? - Enjoy a round hour in one of the cafes opposite the clock and the old tower.



A Closer Look at Old Town Square:

https://youtu.be/zSmgwIkuovc



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/4-yNWTw3ZTQ


Black Theatre
Black Theatre
#The Black Theatre

The Black Theatre is its own unique genre in Prague, performing a variety of shows with black light illusions. The hands of the operators create a wonderful effect, combined with the content of an entertaining and fun show.

The art in this special technique, that takes light, shade, and darkness, has gathered up popularity to such extent in Prague, that the Black Theatre has a few new competitors around the city. At the Black Theatre you can enjoy a show of the highest quality.

For those interested, there is also the Black Theatre in the old city, named Ta Fantastika. Enjoy!



A Closer Look at the Black Theatre:

https://youtu.be/HAqarCIIIVo
Jan Hus Memorial
#About the Memorial for the Memory of Hus, That the Church Burned at the Stake After He Exposed Corruption

The big Jan Hus Memorial was built by Ladislav Šaloun, and was built for the memory of Jan Hus, the Czech reformist, at the mark of 500 years since his killing. Hus was a national and religious awakener. He used to voice, to cry out and to fight for the miserable social situation of the city's citizens against its wealth as a trading city. He also talked quite a bit the corruption in the church.

In 1415 Jan Hus was brought to the stake, which led to the outbreak of the bloody Hussite wars. Try to imagine the tough scene, where a well-known priest and leader from the Bethlehem Church, dressed in rags and humiliating clothes, without his clerical symbols, is taken to the stake. In the square were two sides - church supporters and Hus supporters who came to pay last respects.

The current monument, in the Art-Nouveau style was built in 1915, about 500 years after Jan Hus was captured and executed by the church in 1415. The monument today is one of the known symbols of Prague, since Jan Hus has turned into a tortured saint, and a national hero. His day of death, July 6th, is a national holiday.

Around the memorial are many benches, where you can sit and take a small break from walking around.



Here is the Monument for the Memory of Jan Hus:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vv7QURsa-XA
Prague Astronomical Clock
#About Prague's Famous Astronomical Clock

The Prague Astronomical Clock (Pražský orloj) is the oldest working clock in the world. This is a mechanical miracle of late medieval engineering. It is an astronomical clock that has been operating since the Middle Ages, and at every hour attracts crowds of excited tourists waiting to watch the wonder.

The clock on the tall municipality building at Stormska Square in the city was installed in 1410. It indicates the time in central Europe and the exact date of the month and year. The zodiac signs beneath the clock reveal the location of the stars and symbol that is currently dominating the zodiac. The outer ring of the clock calculates the time, according to the sunset.

Every hour, from 8 am to 8 pm, Jesus and his twelve messengers appear from the clock. It has various figures visible from the window, once an hour. Among them you can see the skeleton symbolizing the Angel of Death with his hourglass, a Turkish symbol of the Church's enemy, the miser merchant with the bag of coins in his hands, an angel, an astronomer, a rooster reading aloud and more.

If you go up to the clock inside the tower, you will enjoy a close look at the show of the 12 apostles of Jesus, who come out of the clock every hour, moving in a circle and peering out of the watch. And by the way, in the town hall you can also go up to the panoramic view of all of Prague.



#History of the Prague Astronomical Clock

The Prague Astronomical Clock is considered to be the world's best-kept watch of ancient astronomical clocks. The amazing thing is that the original mechanical mechanism still operates there, from 1410 until today.

The original mechanism of the clock was installed in 1410, by a clockmaker Mikulash Makadan. He created it with Jan Schindel, professor of astronomy at the University of Karl. In 1490 they added the calendar and dolls, made by a master in the name of Hanos. Legend has it that city councilors were so enthusiastic about Hanos's work, they feared that he would build a similar clock in another European city, and this lead them to make him blind. So there would be no other clock like this anywhere in the world.

The clock has worked continuously since then, except when in 1886 it underwent a major renovation. It was then that a Cronometer was added, built by Romuald Buzek. In the middle of the 19th century, Joseph Manes, a Czech national revivalist, added the calendar to the clock, with the natural paintings depicting the four seasons.

Another renovation took place after World War II. This is because the city hall was burned down and the clock was badly damaged.



#A Tour of the Town Hall in Prague

A tour inside the town hall takes place several times a day. On the tour, you can go first to the top of the tower above the town hall and view the historical center of Prague.

Later on you can stroll through the beautiful city halls and see the chapel of the town tower. You can look at the statues of the astronomical clock's apostles closely and then descend into the subterranean rooms beneath the building. Here you can visit the ruins of the Gothic and Romanesque periods, where there is a maze of streets, shops and old houses.



#How Many Municipalities Does One City Need?

You may have already noticed that there is a town hall across the Marianske Square, and another one next to the Powder Tower, and they are not the only ones. So what the hell is going on here?

The story is that until the 18th century Prague was a collection of four cities, each with its own town hall. Once they were united into one big city, the separate townhouses remained in each quarter. In Prague, as in other ancient cities, there was also a new town hall, so this city contains, in any case, a rather impressive collection of town halls.




A Closer Look at the Prague Astronomical Clock:

https://youtu.be/BeXLoHoVZmk



This is How it Looks Behind the Scenes:

https://youtu.be/Ef_WCsJGThM



A Further Look Back:

https://youtu.be/QAq_0y4uhi4


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.