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The Watts Towers
The Watts Towers
#About the Recycled Towers in Los Angeles

The Watts Towers is a very impressive and unique building built from waste and leftovers and has become a focus of interest not only among environmentalists and art lovers, but also in children who come with their parents to see what can be done with garbage.

The person responsible for the construction of Watts Towers is an Italian immigrant, a construction worker named Simon Rudea. He built this complex in his spare time, for 34 years, between the 1920's and the 1950's.

There are 17 structures and towers, 30 meters high. The most amazing is that these towers were built from more than 100,000 parts of commercial residues, such as 7UP bottles, marble fragments, pottery, colored glass, shells and metal and iron scraps, which enabled the construction of these impressive buildings with this iconic, unforgettable appearance.


Watts Towers View:

https://youtu.be/Ifx_cHwfzmk


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/6jfsOqWHX40?t=18s
Televizni vez na Zizkove
Žižkov Television Tower
#About the City's TV Tower

Prague's Žižkov Television Tower (Televizni Vez na Zizkove), is like many TV towers built in Communist cities in the 1950's.

Although the Žižkov Tower is considered by many to be one of the ugliest towers in the world, it is still the tallest tower in Prague. The tower, built in 1992, is 216 meters high.

From a 93-meter terrace, which is also a café and a restaurant, you can enjoy views of the entire city. There is even a row of hanging ball chairs, which allow you to relax in front of the view - provided it is not crowded, of course. And by the way, the tower also has a hotel. It is not a hotel with lots of rooms, like a hotel should be. This is a luxury hotel with only one room. More of a luxurious suite than a room, from which you can look out over the whole city and go to sleep like this, with the view spread out before you.

From the outside, if you look closely at the tower's pillars, you will notice the giant statues of babies climbing on it, sculpted and installed by the creative artist with the special humor, the Czech David Charney. You will encounter the works of this talented and insolent artist in several corners of Prague.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/q971y-zCUvc



About the Special Treats of the Žižkov Television Tower:

https://youtu.be/Fqm9dHpliYI



What's Inside:

https://youtu.be/oKoP7ppeCrs
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
#About the Connected Tower of Tokyo and the Wonderful Free Views Over the City

At a height of 243 meters, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building in Shinjuku is a very tall government building that locals call "Tochu." Until 2007, it was the tallest tower in the city.

The metropolitan power tower is one of the most impressive government buildings around the world. In fact, it is not a single building but a complex of two 48-storey buildings each, which connect on the 33rd floor of each one. This gives "Tochu" a one in a kind look compared to the rather similar government buildings around the world.

From the government building, you can ascend to two 202-meter-high observatories with spectacular views of Tokyo's Shinjuku District. On good days, you can even see the far away Mount Fuji from here.



#Tips

Observations from the building are free!

There are security checks at the entrance. Discover understanding!
Each of the observatories has a coffee shop and a souvenir shop.

The northern viewpoint remains open longer both in the evening and at night and offers a particularly enjoyable night observation!



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/ImFeKwSVSao



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/i9pzZdtVP-g



A Closer Outside Look:

https://youtu.be/ll-KxtiToyU
Torre dei Lamberti
Torre dei Lamberti
#About the Medieval Fortress

The Torre dei Lamberti, located near the city's main square, Piazza delle Erbe, offers a great view of Verona and the entire area. To the tower, which rises to a height of 83 meters, many come to watch this view.

The tower was built in the Middle Ages. It rises to a high height, allowing for a wonderful panoramic view around the city of Verona.

This tower, Torre dei Lamberti, is a nice romantic place, especially near sunset. The magnificent view of the city and its surroundings, seen from the top of the tower, is simply wonderful.


#Tips
If you are fit you will have no problem climbing stairs. Those who are not fit will be able to board the elevator.

The Piazza delle Erbe next to the tower is a bustling square filled with various stalls, including local food and a host of nice things.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/tAuBVk7MHK4


The Landscape Around:

https://youtu.be/SFzDOAmlos4

Towers

Lippo Centre
Lippo Centre
#About the Commercial Trading Center with Two Iconic Towers Above

Lippo Centre is the name of the two towers with the special and interesting shapes, whose construction was completed in 1988. The project, in the past, was called "Bond Centre," is very prominent in the city.

The unique exterior turns the center into an iconic landmark in the city. The taller of the two buildings is called Lippo Centre 2, and reaches the height of 186 meters, while Lippo Centre 1 is "only" 172 meters.

The centre is located at a great location in the city center. From the buildings, a beautiful view can be seen of Hong Kong park nearby.

The post-modern style of the two similar buildings, designed with reflective glass, is the responsibility of the architect Paul Marvin Rudolph, in cooperation with Wong & Ouyang. Rudolph, whose works are known for their brutal, concrete-based style, designed a very modern complex, completely different from the architectural and design style that is usually identified with him.

An interesting fact in the history of the building has to do with the number of companies who collapsed, or were bankrupted, while renting offices in the building. Local advisors Sahi Feng shui conclude that the building has bad Fend Shui. They tied this reason to the C shaped windows, which reminds of a koala climbing a tree. The Feng shui advisors of the builders deny this and say the building was given approval of wellness.

By the way, the shapes of these koalas gave the centres the nickname "koala buildings."



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/PJtqR9M47Go


A Look at the Park:

https://youtu.be/Eyr2aA9wiA0


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/H_YJUZ73lTE
Maiden's Tower
Maiden’s Tower
#About the Tower on the Little Island

The Maiden’s Tower is an 18th-century tower on a tiny island in the Bosphorus Straits near Istanbul.

Today there is a cafe and a restaurant in the tower, but originally a tower built in the 12th century was used to protect the city. The current tower, built of stone in 1790, was also intended for military purposes.

Legend has it that the original tower was built by Sultan, who was afraid of a dream he had dreamt, where a snake bit will kill his innocent innocent daughter. The king, determined to protect his beloved daughter, locked her in the tower. Thus, he believed, he would be able to keep her and the prophecy from coming true.

But such prophecies, at least in legends, would come to fruition. To the sorrow of the loving and protective king, a snake managed to crawl into a food basket and when the food was brought to the princess in the tower, the serpent came out of the basket and bit her. Thus died the princess imprisoned in the tower and the prophecy was fulfilled.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/cgc8hLQQWTw



#Another Look at Istanbul, the Tower and More:

https://youtu.be/nL5R9INoRFM
Trump World Tower
Trump World Tower
#About the Tower Built by a President

The skyscraper located on First Avenue in Manhattan, is full of impressive presence and height. It is 262 meters tall, with 72 floors. The building cost no less than $300 million, and its construction took two years. During its first two years it was crowned as the tallest residential building in the world.

The architect of the tower was Costas Kondylis, a Greek architect, who planned the residential tower. All the exterior is transparent, with dark glass panels with a bronze/golden shade, giving an amazing view of the East River and Midtown. It was built out of a concrete skeleton, to protect the high floors from hard winds, and maintain the building stable.

Before its establishment, many people protested the building. There was a fear that it would overshadow the UN Headquarters nearby. There were those who feared it would be pointless, for its massive height and lack of character and external decorations.

The prices of apartments in the tower are really expensive. Prices vary between $625,000 for a studio and $28 million for the larger apartments. Though its large size, 1,858 square meters, the penthouse, taking up the uppermost two floors, did not manage to sell. the original price of sale was $58 million. After a few years with no avail, it was decided to divide the penthouse into 4 apartments, and these were sold away quickly.



A Look Outside:

https://youtu.be/qykbwyywPDw


From the Inside:

https://youtu.be/zPVAqozW3no
Tour Eiffel
Eiffel Tower
#About the "Temporary" Building that Became the City's Symbol

The Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel), one of the most recognizable symbols for the city of Paris, was the tallest building in the world until 1930. It is entirely made of iron and reaches a height of 324 meters. Notice the great river that runs by the Eiffel Tower, this is the Seine River.

The tower was designed and built by French engineer Gustav Eiffel. Today it seems an inseparable part of the city, but the truth is that the tower was a source of controversy and drew a lot of criticism from many Parisian artists and intellectuals. These critics argued that the industrial and modular structure was not suitable for the city's architecture. The criticizing group called itself the "Three Hundred Committee" (according to the height of the tower) and claimed that it was a black smoke chimney that would light its barbarity onto the delicate French statues. The resistance was so great that the writer Guy de Mopsan used to eat his meals at the tower's restaurant by himself. His argument was that "this is the only place in Paris where you cannot see the Eiffel Tower."

Despite the controversy, the tower has returned its investments in construction within 1 year of being opened, only from the sale of entry tickets. Originally, the tower was to be dismantled after 20 years (in 1909), but due to the tremendous success among visitors to Paris, the decision was made to keep it.

The Eiffel Tower was built at the height of the Industrial Revolution. Its components can be seen in several references: the use of steel, the clean construction of stained glass and decorations, and the decorative-industrial design. The base of the tower is made up of four gates that combine into high stability on the one hand and flexibility on the other. This combination is what allows the tower to deal with strong winds. The arches also contribute to the unique appearance of the tower. The elevators in the tower are also special. They are based on a hydraulic mechanism that places safety before speed and therefore the elevators are rather slow. This mechanism was considered very advanced for it time.


#Gustav Eiffel

Eiffel was a French engineer and architect, whose name is probably familiar to you thanks to his famous building, the Eiffel Tower.

Eiffel was a creator during the industrial Revolution, which explains the big impact on his work. He was impacted by the growing need for public transportation - as a result of the city's urbanization processes and transitions of people. This exposed Eiffel to diverse materials from different parts of the world.

Eiffel was one of the pioneers that used steel - a new material in the building sector in his time. Eiffel used steel bars as both constructive and decorative elements. He designed the steel interior of the Statue of Liberty, and gained fame by his many various designs. In 1887 he was invited to build the Eiffel Tower. The building was actually built for the international exhibit that took place in Paris in 1889, celebrating 100 years for the French Revolution.

During its construction, the Eiffel Towerwas the tallest building in the world, and it took a great deal of courage on part of Eiffel to build such a structure. Each element in the building was meticulously designed by him for about a year and a half, until construction itself began.

On the tower itself are engraved the names of 72 engineers, scientists and French mathematicians in recognition of their contribution to the construction of the tower. The decision was made by Eiffel, due to concerns about protests against the tower, and were engraved on the sides of the tower under the lower balcony.

Gustave Eiffel's career lasted 30 years. He died on December 27, 1923 at the age of 91.


#What is So Impressive About the Eiffel?

Oscar Wilde once said that he wanted to live at the top of the Eiffel Tower, because this is the only spot in Paris where you can't see the hideous tower.

However the Eiffel Tower is a Parisian symbol, and without a doubt one of the most famous buildings in the world. It was originally supposed to be built in Barcelona, for the world Expo, but because lack of funding the building was delayed, and only 10 years later it was built in Paris, for the world Expo of 1889. It was originally planned to remain for 20 years, before being destroyed, by the end of that timeline however the building was so loved by Parisians and tourists that it stayed. It is ironic because during the building's first 2 years, many demanded its dismantling for its lack of beauty.

The Eiffel Tower has no less than 1,665 steps, and on a good day you can have visibility of 70 kilometers!

The designer and architect of the tower was Gustave Eiffel, a genius engineer who had many other important projects in France, especially in building steel bridges. The tower's height is 324 meters, and up to 1930 the Eiffel Tower was the tallest building in the world.

By the way, the expensive construction price was returned by money profited from entrance tickets to the exhibition already at the end of the first year!



#The Eiffel Tower at Night

From the day the Eiffel was built in 1889, it was photographed by every tourist or photo enthusiast who passed it, or even just saw it on the horizon. However, in 2014 the official Eiffel Tower website published that the Eiffel Tower at night was a copyrighted look, and should not be photographed anymore.

To understand first what happens when darkness descends on the "City of Lights," the Eiffel Tower became a spectacular display of gilded lights, using no fewer than 336 powerful projectors. Starting from sunset until 1 am, 20,000 LED lights glitter on the tower every 5 minutes.

According to the official website of the tower, the lighting is under copyright and brand rights, and in order to use images where the tower appears at night there must be approval from the company operating the Eiffel Tower. According to the company, the tower itself is public, but night lighting is a kind of art and the use of this art by photography or distribution is strictly prohibited.



#The Eiffel Tower During World War II

During World War II, when France was under German occupation (1940), the French were careful to cut the cables for the elevators so that the tower could not be used as a lookout and a military position. The tower was closed to the public during the Nazi occupation and the elevator was repaired only six years later.

As a result, on the first day of the occupation, the Nazi soldiers had to climb the tower all the way to the top floor to hoist the Nazi flag at the top of the tower. The flag was so big and heavy that it ripped and flew away with the wind a few hours later. It was replaced by a smaller flag.

The Eiffel Tower remained intact during the war, mainly because it lacked strategic targets for bombing. Nevertheless, towards the end of the war and the surrender of Germany, Hitler gave an order to destroy the tower along with the rest of the city. However, General von Choltitz refused to carry out the order.

On August 24, 1944, the French tri-color flag was placed on the top of the Eiffel Tower as a symbol of victory and Paris's freedom. It was created from three separate sheets sown together.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/PhWrt9absDE


A visit:

https://youtu.be/S1bkBxR-I5A


Sparkling & twinkling at night:

https://youtu.be/ORfbeJHAifs


Guidance:

https://youtu.be/DUafW5QkASA


Shizuoka Building
Shizuoka Building
#About the Shizouka Building

Shizuoka Building, located at the edge of Ginza, is an iconic office building builtin 1967. The building, 57 meters high, was designed by Kenzō Tange.

The offices of the various media stations are based in this building, controlled by the Shizuoka Corporation. In the center of the building (which stands on a small triangular piece of land) there is a beautiful spiral staircase.

The dark figure of the tower, covered with black aluminum, makes it one of the most famous towers in Ginza. Many travelers come to visit it from the nearby railway station, where trains from the west arrive in Tokyo.
The building was designed by Kenzō Tange, an architect from a Japanese group of architects, who created in the style of modern international design. He is associated with an architectural movement called "metabolism." This movement has since the 1960's created a style that combined permanent building forms, along with flexible spaces and functions.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zQrz4IJ-BSc
Powder Tower
#About the Only Gate Tower Left of the Gates of Old Prague

You are right in front of the Powder Tower (Prašná Brána), one of the most impressive examples of the fortifications of Old Prague, built in 1475. It is the only one left from that period out of the 13 gates of the entrance to the Old City.

The Powder Tower, which by the way is near the Town Hall of Prague, is 65 meters high. But when it was established, it was called the "New Tower." The reason is that it was then new in relation to the bridge tower of the Old City, which was built about a hundred years before it.

The name of the tower was replaced in the 17th century to the name "Powder Tower " because gun ammunition used to be stored here.

Today the tower is open to visitors. Those interested can see it at the exhibition, where you can learn about the history of this impressive building.




If you wish, you can climb the 186 steps to a beautiful observation point, with a view of the entire old city.


https://youtu.be/3mqUKAxCn2E


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/_xi0XsDzKAc?t=4m22s&end=5m45s



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/-jZ9Idihgvc
Empire State Building
#About the Tower that Became the Symbol of New York

The Empire State Building, a tall skyscraper in New York at the height of 443 meters, with 103 floors. It is one of the most dominant symbols of the Big Apple, and is located on the corner of Fifth Avenue and 34th Street. The Empire State Building was planned and built between 1929-1931 in the art-deco style, by William Lamb. It is considered by the American Society Of Civil Engineers as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.

Pretty fast after the launch of the building, this building became a Hollywood star, and has starred in quite a few movies, from romantic comedies to dramas, and action movies. There is almost no cinema enthusiast that is not familiar with the image of King Kong climbing the building from 1933. This tower is a common place for marriage proposals and in general, the amazing landscape view that extended from its upper floors made it one of the city's romantic places.

In 1931 the President of the United States Herbert Hoover pressed on a button in the White House that lit the lights of the Empire State Building. This is how this incredible building was inaugurated, back then it was the tallest building in the world. As of 2016, the building is the fifth tallest building in the United States, and 29th in the world.

The building's stairs are also somewhat of an attraction, once a year an annual race takes place in New York, where hundreds of people climb the stairs from the bottom all the way to the top of the tower.

A few statistics - this building has 6,500 windows, 73 elevators, and 1,860 stairs. It weighs no less than 365,000 tons. Occasionally, for very special events, the Empire State Building is lit up in colorful and impressive colors.



#"Dare to Dream" Exhibition

To a certain extent, the story of the Empire State Building is the story of the American dream. The exhibit "Dare to Dream" that is displayed here, presents the history, the architecture and the construction of the building. There is a lot of content from the archives of the well-known skyscraper of New York. The exhibit provides a perfect experience that lets you learn about the work of the pioneering work of the architects, the builders and workers who built it. In the exhibition you will be exposed to original documents, photographs from the time period, architectural sketches, lists and financial accounting daily documents. Additionally, you can see the photos and souvenirs that belong to more than 3,400 workers that helped make history.



#The Lights of the Empire State Building

Since 1976, the Empire State Building has been an international symbol of the New York skyline. The lights that light up on the building protect the reoccurring tradition of changing the lights according to different events along the year.

In 2012, the system was further upgraded with an LED lighting system, capable of displaying 16 million colors, which can be changed instantly. Sometimes the lights are even synchronized with music broadcasts on different radio stations and this makes the building the world's largest light organ.

On Halloween, the holiday always makes its mark on the building.

The international lighting designer Mark Birkman, is the one who planned the lights and placed the LED lights, synced with the beat of the music played in the background. 100 meters of colorful lights, spectacular and festive, can be seen from almost every corner of Manhattan.

Different artists gained the right to use the lights as part of their creations: the artist Alicia Keys, Frank Sinatra, and rapper Jay Z.



#The Story About the Plane that Crashed into the Building

The Empire State Building was the tallest building in New York for many years, with the building of the Twin Towers in 1972 the Empire State Building was bumped down to second tallest. It is unnecessary to mention that after the attacks on the Twin Towers on September 11th, 2001, it regained its title as the tallest building in New York for a certain time.

During World War II, from an airport in Massachusetts a plane departed that was meant land at the airport in New Jersey. The flight's purpose was to partake in the fighting, and was piloted by Captain Smith, who had been through 30 bombardments attempts on the European front.

When the plane got near New York it faced thick fog that limited visibility in the area. Captain Smith asked for permission to land in La Guardia Airport, but was told visibility was also bad there. The control tower ordered Smith to continue the flight over Manhattan keeping an altitude of 457 meters.

With that, the fog made its mark, and caused the pilot to lose his way. He began lowering the plane towards the landing in New York, while almost crashing into the GE Building, 259 meters high. In the last minute the pilot managed to avoid the disaster and moved out of the way, however, unfortunately, the pilot crashed into the tallest building in New York at the time, a building with 103 floors, the Empire State Building.

The plane hit the 79th floor of the building, and created a huge hole in the side of the building. One of the two engines of the plane went right across the building and fell about 270 meters until it hit the roof of another building and caused a fire. The second engine dropped down the elevator shaft in the building to the bottom, and other fragments scattered in the street below.

In the building a fire erupted, which the firefighters managed to put out miraculously after 40 minutes. Luckily, the foundations of the building were not damaged. The accident cost 14 lives, 3 crew members (2 pilots), and 11 people from inside the building. 26 people were injured. Until today, there is a mark of a missing stone in the building's exterior from the plane crash.

And, if not enough miracles happened in this building, one of the injured people were put into the elevator by the paramedics not knowing the elevator was damaged. The elevator fell down 75 floors - however the injured woman survived this insanity. This affair won a Guinness World Record.



#Architecture of the Empire State Building

The Empire State Building is considered the cultural symbol of America and is an example of the Art-Deco architecture, that developed in France and is characterized in geometrical vertical decorations. Art-Deco is a style that began developing at the start of the 20th century and gathered speed between the years 1920-1930.

To avoid the sun's light, the building was designed in a staircase-like shape - the lower floors are wide, and as the floors go up they become thinner, until reaching the top of the building.



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/ZZrmjwwTghI



King Kong from the 1933 Movie - On the Building:

https://youtu.be/CuRQH_hLcTw
Fernsehturm
#About the "Television Tower," the Tall Tower that Became a Symbol of Berlin During the Cold War

The extreme height and special shape of the TV tower, the "Fernsehturm," will not allow anyone to ignore its presence. It reaches a height of 368 meters, and this is why the tower can bee seen above the city buildings, and has become a local symbol.

It is built as a long, narrow concrete column, above which lies a huge steel ball with seven floors in it. Above the ball is a thin antenna that completes the unique shape of this tower.

The construction of the TV tower was completed in 1969. Its aim was to convey a clear message - a symbol of the power of the Communist government, and to further the differentiation between East Berlin from West Berlin.

The fast elevator will bring you in 15 seconds straight to huge glass windows that will provide a spectacular view of the city, at a height of 204 meters. Tourists can also indulge themseles at the revolving restaurant (it completes a full rotation every 20 minutes), enjoy a good meal with a spectacular view at an altitude of 207 meters above ground. Both the vantage point and the restaurant can be seen up to 40 kilometers away on a clear day with good visibility.

The tower is located at Alexanderplatz Square, which is located in the area of former ​​East Berlin. It is a popular attraction among tourists.



#About the Pope's Revenge Against the Communist Regime

Across of the well-known TV tower of East Berlin, a building was built in West Berlin in the same time period, the Radio Tower, reaching the height of 55 meters. A restaurant and observation deck were built at the top. The West Berliners saw this building as a counterweight to the TV tower on the eastern side of the city. This was their consolation for the painful split imposed on them by the Soviet Union and the Communist regime on the other side.

Really interesting was the cross created by sunlight onto the Radio Tower. Just when the East German Communist regime closed the churches and forbade Christianity to show itself (Communism saw religion as "opium for the masses"), the Radio Tower brought a metaphorical image. This was because without being planned, the cross was created by the sunlight hitting the tower, standing out for everyone to see.

Was God's hand involved in this? - It is not clear. But one way or the other, the cross on the high Radio Tower all over East Berlin seemed to form what was then called the "Revenge of the Pope."

#Tips:
If you buy tickets in advance for the entrance you can avoid standing in the tiresome.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K4Ede6aC-UA
Woolworth Building
#About the Building that was Once the Tallest in the Word

The Woolworth skyscraper was planned by Cass Gilbert, and it is the height of 241 meters. The 60-floor building was "the tallest building in the world" between 1913 and 1930. Until today, the Woolworth building is one of the top 20 tallest buildings in New York. The building was designed in the neo-Gothic style, imitated buildings in European capitals, and is considered one of the oldest skyscrapers in the city.

The initiator of the building was Frank Woolworth, the same one the building is named after. Woolworth's purpose was to use the building as offices for his company. For that, he hired the services of Gilbert the architect. The building was originally planned to reach the height of 130 meters only, with 20 floors. By the end of the planning, a few more meters were added. The cost of the building was $13.5 million.

In 1998 the building was sold to Witkoff Group for $155 million.

During the terror attack on September 11, 2001, the nearby Twin Towers were destroyed, and the Woolworth building was also damaged. It was cut off of electricity and landlines for a few weeks. However, the damage of the building compared to its neighbors was minor.
Manhattan Municipal Building
#About the New York Municipal Building

An impressive skyscraper, it stands at 177 meters tall, and has 41 floors, located at the junction of Centre and Chambers.

The purpose of the building was to provide space for the city municipality of New York. Up to that time, city municipality offices were spread around different areas of the city, from lower Manhattan to Midtown. The municipality also needed more offices for legal work, especially after the decision to connect the five boroughs in New York into one city in 1898. The Town Hall could not be expanded because of architectural constraints.

The building was built between 1907-1914, and is the first building in New York to be connected to a metro stop station. Populating the building began in 1913, and the offices themselves opened in 1916. Today, you will find 13 city departments, 2,000 employees, and the area of 90,000 square meters.


#About the Planning of the Building

All the savings from not having to pay rent to the different municipal offices around the city, gave it the option to expand, but in the municipality many preferred to reduce the renting and move to a new building, bringing all the offices together. So the government opened a competition for the design and construction of the building.

Until 1907, 4 different competitions were held. The offer that at last won was by William Mitchel Kendall, a young associate in the architecture firm of McKim, Mead and White, back then it was the largest architecture firm in the world, with 100 employees.

The one who pushed him to send in his application was the mayor at the time, George B. McClellan, Jr. Even with the impressive reputation of the firm, this building was their first skyscraper.



#Architecture of the Manhattan Municipal Building

In the building, that was built in a Classic Roman style, you can see different statues and plaques.

Notice the top of the building, where a golden statue was placed in 1913 at 8 meters high, called the Civic Fame. The golden lady, holding in her hand a Mural Crown, a crown designed in the shape of a fence with steeples. The crown has 5 steeples, representing the 5 boroughs of New York.

In the statue's right hand, you will see a shield and branch of leaves, representing victory. The statue was designed by Adolph Alexander Weinman, and is the third of its size in Manhattan.

The main arch of the building allows the transition of vehicles underneath. This arch is neo-Classic, designed in inspiration of the Arch of Constantine, the Victory Gate in Rome. The five domes in the buildings symbolize the five boroughs.

Notice the vaults, the arched roofing of the building's ceramic mantle. They were inspired by the Palace of Farnese in Rome.
Crown Building
#About the Building with a Crown that Needs to be Seen at Night

The Crown Building is a building that is used for all sorts of purposes. In 1923 the building was used as the house of the American Mercury magazine. In 1929 it became the official residence for the Art Museum. Throughout the years the first floors were used as displays and the higher floors for offices. In 1981 the building was purchased by the President of the Philipines, Ferdinand Marcos, what turned the building to a target of lawsuits of all kinds, after the rule of Marcos fell. The plaintiffs claimed that Marcos had purchased the building with money that was not his own, and that the rights belonged to the Philippine government. The parties involved agreed to sell the building and split the proceeds.

In 1991 the building was purchased by Bernard Spitzer for $95 million. His son and former Governor of New York Eliot Spitzer took over the building after the death of his father in 2014. At the end of 2014, the building was supposed to be sold in a public auction. The building was now worth $1.75 billion for the tower and ground floor.

The Crown Building is located on the corner of 57th Street, the area is considered the most expensive commercial and office real estate in the United States.
The building of the tower was finished in 1921, and it consists of 26 floors. The height of the building is 120 meters, and the building received the name Crown Building in 1983, thanks to its top, similar looking to a crown while it is lit up.

Because of the prestige of the commercial land in this area, the lobby to this building is relatively small. The building can be seen from Central Park. In 2005 the building was purchased again for $1.8 billion, one of the largest purchases in the history of American real estate. Recently the offices have been converted to luxury apartments.
Baiyoke Tower II
#About the Tower With the View that Spins Around the City

With nightfall, the Baiyoke Tower II Hotel offers a rotating viewpoint, with a beautiful panoramic view of the city, sparkling and lighten up.

The building is 85 floors, and can be seen from all around the city. Beyond being a fancy hotel, it is also a place to travel to the top, where visitors come en mass to the spinning viewpoint.

At 309 meters tall, and 85 floors, this tower can be seen from the entire city. On the top floor is the fancy Roof Top restaurant.

It's worth coming here for a view during the evening hours. You will get to see the beautiful sunset over the city, when the twinkling lights cover the entire city like a blanket.



#Tips

Opening hours: 10:00 am - 6:00 pm.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/inePbvcZbdA
Danube Tower
#About the Danube Tower of Vienna

Vienna's TV Tower (Donauturm), known by its other names, such as the Donau Tower or the Danube Tower, is particularly prominent in the Vienna skyline. This is because it is the tallest tower in the city and the first skyscraper built there.

The tower rises to a height of 352 meters and its interesting shape attracts attention almost immediately. By the way, it was added to the list of the 100 tallest buildings in the world - at the time when it was built it was in 75th place.

The Donau Tower is located in the 12th quarter, in the heart of a wide green park, which extends north of the Danube River and hence the nickname Danube Tower. It was opened to the public in 1964, after more than a year and a half of construction. Almost immediately it became a tourist attraction and a favorite place of entertainment for the hundreds of thousands of tourists and locals who come to it every year. Today it serves as a television tower with radio and television antennas.

Due to the high height of the tower, the observation point from its head is spectacular and it is worthwhile to reach it. If you decide to eat a meal at one of the two restaurants located on it, one 160 meters high and revolving, the second at the height of 170 meters, you can look at different parts of the city.

If you are an extreme fan - bungee is more than allowed at this tower. In 2000, this bungee area was declared the highest in the world. The tower has large, fast elevators that will bring you quickly to each of the observation points, restaurants or attractions on it. Enjoy!



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V9HPC-uTkko


Galata Tower
#About the Ancient Tower with Pencil Top and Panoramic View

In the center of the new city, on the northern bank of the Golden Horn and in the heart of the commercial center, market and port of Constantinople, stands the Galata Tower (Galata Külesi), identified by its pointed dome, which resembles the point of a pencil.

It is only 62 meters high, but the Galata Tower is still one of the most prominent buildings on the northern skyline of Istanbul. You can go up and view from the balcony at the base of the dome, the Golden Horn, the old city and the magnificent view of Istanbul. The magnificent view offers 360 degrees to the city and its surroundings and is especially beautiful in the afternoon and evening.

In addition to the observation point, there is also a restaurant and a nightclub at the top of the Galata Tower. So what became a viewpoint at the Galata, became a clear observation point for tourists who were amazed by the view of Istanbul.

The tower is located in the medieval Genoa neighborhood. It is an area in a city that was once known as a difficult and poor area, with quite a bit of crime and violence. Today, it has undergone significant change and is considered one of Istanbul's entertainment attractions.


#History of the tower

The Galata Tower was originally built in the Byzantine period, as part of the fortifications of the city. It was destroyed later, rebuilt and destroyed several times, including during the Ottoman Empire period.

The next significant time it was rebuilt was in the 14th century. This construction, in 1348, was in the hands of Italians. It was then built in the heart of the merchants' colony that was here. They came here from Genoa, Italy, and the tower served as the northernmost defensive site on the walls of the city.

During the Ottoman period, the tower was used for various purposes, including a warning observation of fires during certain periods, during the days of Sultan Suleiman as a prison, and in the 16th century during the reign of Murad III as a star observatory.

In the modern era, the tower has ceased to be relevant to the city's security. In the 1960's, the Galata Tower became a tourist center, and in 1990 it was renovated and opened to the general public. Today it is especially known for its pointed shape and its balcony, which has a great view of the Old City and the Golden Horn, the magnificent bay that emerges from the Bosporus.


#Was Flight Born in Galata?

Local history tells us that from the Galata Tower, an Ottoman scientist called Ahmet Chalabi jumped off somewhere in the 17th century and began to fly out of the tower using artificial wings. According to legend, he flapped his wings until he could fly and reach the other side of the Bosphorus Strait.

It is not clear how true these legends are, but history backs up some of them. Zaraphan Ahmet Chalabi was indeed a scientist from the Ottoman Empire of the early 17th century, who lived during the reign of Sultan Murad IV. He was doing his experiments on the flight right here. At one point, the adventurous pilot tried to fly from this tower toward the Oscoder. He did use artificial wings. Some report that he failed and was forced to land an emergency landing, while others say he reached to the other side of the Bosphorus.

In any case, the Sultan appreciated the achievement of the Turkish Icarus, and awarded him a large money prize. Under the influence of clerics and an attempt to prevent others from imitating the bold pilot, he exiled the pilot to Algeria.

It is possible, then, that the Ottoman scientist who preceded the Wright Brothers and even the Mongolians in the study of aviation, succeeded in flying with his muscles and wings made from the feathers of an eagle, to a considerable distance.

The evidence for this appears in a book by historian and traveler named Evia Chalabi, a man who is skeptical about his descriptions, especially because he tends to exaggerate and give details that have no factual support. But the Turks believe in the matter and the name of their aviation pioneer is now called the Zaraphan airport in Istanbul. Much respect!



#Tips

It is worth visiting the tower in the afternoon or evening.



#A Visit:

https://youtu.be/EdPZvWKzUaI



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/WopUYO2hbRU
Palace of Culture and Science
#About Stalin's Megalomaniac Gift to the Polish People

See the tall tower in the center of town? - this is the Palace of Culture and Science (Hall of Culture and Science). The tower with this bombastic name is the 42-story souvenir and more than 3,000 rooms awarded by the Soviet tyrant Joseph Stalin to the city of Warsaw as "a gift of the Soviet people to the Polish nation."

This was, of course, during the Warsaw Pact and Soviet rule over the entire Eastern Bloc. The tower was then the tallest building in town. Today, many high-rise buildings have been built there.

The locals in Warsaw, by the way, often refer to the building that has long become the symbol of the city, "the penis of Stalin." The Warsaw locals have a love-hate relationship with the building. A popular saying in the city is that the great advantage of an office in the Palace of Culture and Science is that its window cannot be seen ...

This huge building was built between 1952-1955 as a gift, by the Soviet Union and Stalin himself, to the Polish people. The architectural style of the building is social-realistic, Stalinist. It conveys power, respect and awe, is very impressive and contains a collection of sculpted sculptures that stand around it and represent working and learning situations, the same goals for which it was established and which exist to this day.

In addition to a large number of business offices, the building has several repertory theaters, many movie theaters, several museums, including the Technical Museum, a children's museum and a historical museum. The building also has a swimming pool, 2 bars, a night club and the largest congress hall in Warsaw, which can accommodate over 4,500 participants at a time.

Thanks to its height, the tower that Stalin left for the city also serves as a landmark for orientation. After the fall of Communism in Poland, the new authorities made a referendum in which the residents were asked to decide what to do with the hated building, which was probably a symbol of the days many wanted to forget. The results of the referendum determined that despite the lack of sympathy for the building and what it represents, the Poles want the building to continue.


#Evening Entertainment at the Palace of Culture and Science

In the evening it is worth going up to the observation deck at the Palace of Culture and Science. It is worth watching the whole city. You can also sit and have a drink at Cafe Kulturalna, which hosts quite a few concerts and lectures. They also have a cheap and young bar.


A Closer Look at the Tall and Impressive Building in Warsaw:

https://youtu.be/H5ZfnE12Jow
Rozhledna Cibulka
#About the Tower that Looks Like the Eiffel Tower

Rozhledna Cibulka is a model one fifth the size of the Eiffel Tower, built in 1891 for the World Convention that was held in Prague. The tower is 60 meters tall, and is located on the top of the Petrin Hill.

To get to the top of the tower and see the magical view, there are 300 stairs to climb, but the view spread out in front of you will make up for your efforts. There is also an elevator for the handicapped.



#Tips

Going onto the tower costs money, but those holding a public transportation pass can use it to get it.



The View from the Rozhledna Cibulka:

https://youtu.be/PP2_c9apLYs



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/mpqruvrpI98
Mikimoto
#About the Tower with the Special Bubble Windows

The building in front of you, the Mikimoto Building, is a tower designed by the Japanese architect Toyo Ito. It was built in 2005 and is full of aesthetics and beauty, dotted with windows.

The 56 meter high 9-story tower is narrow and stands on a small plot of land. Inside the tower you will find a large pearl jewelry display. This is because it is the flagship store of the Mikimoto Jewelry Company, which belongs to the building and is named after it. The company’s offices are also here, but on the upper floors.

The construction method here was very interesting. The building has 4 thin steel walls. The interior is hollow and has no support columns, thanks to a unique construction method that succeeds in stabilizing with greatly sophisticated thin walls, also allowing arrangement of the windows, in a
non-contiguous order and in any form and way of design.

The random openings in the building resemble drops, or air bubbles. The architect managed to design and stabilize a structure of lightness and strength, that together resulted in a beautiful and stable job. It is important in Tokyo, which has known severe earthquakes.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/VAgyS1pRVoo
Tokyo Tower
Beograđanka
Schreierstoren
Opera Tower
Azrieli Observatory


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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שלום,
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