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Vienna
Vienna
#About the City of Vienna

For hundreds of years Vienna, Austria's capital, has been sitting on the banks of the Danube, and has been the cultural capital of Europe. How many wrote about the splendor of its palaces and the beauty of its gardens, its wide streets and its magnificent public buildings. This is the Vienna of the music of Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, Strauss, Mahler, Brahms, Schubert and the Vienna Boys Choirs.

Vienna is a city with a rich history, varied and magnificent architecture, a city that was the monarch of classical music, the source of Viennese waltzes and the capital of German-speaking operas.

Vienna was born as a Roman fortress called Windobona. Around the fortress a city was born, which for a long time was s "fortress of Christianity." Even the Muslim Turks understood this and tried to invade western Europe through this city. But they were rebuffed twice, and left the city their coffee. From here coffee will spread throughout Europe and become the most popular drink in the world.

Vienna became the heart of the Habsburg Empire. Here a strong empire will develop that will become rich, a conqueror, and control large parts of Europe. For 650 years Vienna was the meeting point between Eastern and Western Europe, and was the cradle of European culture and the capital of Austria.

From this city also emerged great Jews, such as the genius of psychology Sigmund Freud, and founder of Zionism Theodor Herzl. Artists like Gustav Klimt, and the wonderful architect Hundertwasser grew up here.

Both the stomach and taste glands will love every moment in this city. From the aroma of its excellent coffee, through the apple strudel with the vanilla ice cream served next to it, to the taste of the huge Viennese schnitzel with its crisp coating and wonderful taste. Everything here surrounds taste.

Vienna, once the stronghold of European conservatism and a city whose glory is based on its past, reinvents itself as an innovative city ready for change, with a healthy connection to its glorious past.

But this is still the Vienna of the statues, the wonderful Baroque buildings, the large squares and the museums that are rich in charm and science - this city will leave a wonderful memory for many years to remember.


#Must See
Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must see in Vienna".


#With children
A trip for the whole family? - Click on the tag "Attractions for children in Vienna".


#Food
An unforgettable meal? - Click on the tag "Must eat in Vienna".


#Tip
In most European countries service fees are already included in the check, so it is customary to give a 2 euro tip, regardless of the price of the check itself.


#Entertainment
A good evening outing in this city is to the "Heurigen", one of hundreds of wineries in Vienna that sell wines from the production of the last harvest.


#Clubs
The most prominent clubs in Vienna are the Flex, the prominent club that hosts the world's most popular DJ's and quite a few rock stars (found in Donaukanal-Augartenbrücke). The industrial club Werk (Spittelauer Lände 12), The Loft Club and cafe, and the largest club in Austria, the Prater Dome, is located at Prater, Riesenradplatz 7.


#Austria Country Code
+43


#Saving
Public transport - the Viennese people who this on a daily basis pay only 365 euros a year, which is 1euro per day. Tourists pay a little more, but nevertheless, children under the age of 12 travel free of charge.

Communication - buy a local SIM that give several gigabytes of data in Austria.

Food and home shopping- The Hoffer stores are very cheap, but not branded or recognized. The Billa chain of stores is cheap and economical, especially in fruits and vegetables, both in Vienna and in Austria as a whole, especially in stores and gas stations. The store sells everything, including ready-made food!

The Regular bus - a great way to get to know Vienna. Use our app and whenever you refresh the page, the app will recognize what is nearby and you will be able to listen to explanations.

Discounts in all kinds of places - bring a student card.


#Shopping
Maria Hilfer Strasse is Vienna's well-known and popular shopping street. It is not necessarily the cheapest. See link below for recommendations.


#Electric Outlets
Possible plugs to use are Type C, Type E, and Type F (see link below with photos).


#A Taste of the Upcoming Trip? - Here's a video That Will Show you the City in All its Beauty:

https://youtu.be/FsjHqvpTRag


#Vienna's Sites:
https://youtu.be/cwenLWoeItQ


#Here is a Vacation in Vienna with Everything the City has to Offer, Presented Quickly:

https://youtu.be/JfKKjD0GSZo


#A Bit of street food:

https://youtu.be/U_3i7FkbucM
Tiergarten Schnbrunn
Tiergarten Schönbrunn
#About the Oldest Zoo in the World

The Viennese Zoo Schönbrunn, the world's oldest open-air zoo, is now considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site, mainly because it is actually part of the Schönbrunn Palace complex.

This zoo was founded in 1752 and was originally the petting zoo for one of Austria's empires, from the Leopold dynasty.

Today, the zoo is an educational center where studies and various projects related to nature are conducted. People here are full of zoological knowledge, contributing to a variety of conservation projects.

Here you will find about 500 species of animals in this zoo. What is special about the Schönbrunn Zoo is that all the animals here are held in conditions that are as similar as possible to those in nature - that makes this zoo a major attraction among travelers from around the world and from Vienna.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/JBwcxu1HAHw



#During the Winter:

https://youtu.be/l8QKzcWbpbM
Technisches Museum
Technisches Museum
#About Vienna’s Technical Museum

If you are looking for an interesting attraction for children - the Vienna Technology Museum is the perfect place to visit. Here children can learn about science and technology. Though the displays, the museum also tells of Austria's own contribution to the world's largest technological development - from the invention of a wooden typewriter to the invention of the car.

The museum is suitable for science enthusiasts, but the exhibits inside will also interest those who are not technology freaks.
The museum was founded by Emperor Franz Josef in 1908. It was opened to the public about 10 years later. His first private collection was the collection of the Habsburg Imperial Dynasty itself.

The size of the museum reaches up to 22 thousand square meters. You will be exposed to all kinds of areas of life, such as agriculture, industry, transportation, sports, games, music and more. Here you can follow in an experiential way the amazing technological developments that humanity has undergone from the 18th century to today, from simple everyday items to the biggest revolutions in the world - heavy industry and natural resources like gas, oil and coal. You can find all kinds of vehicles, various machines, gears, springs, computers and other components from the world of technology.

In addition to the main museum, you can visit the railway museum, where various exhibits are displayed: railway cars and engines, including the royal caravan where Queen Elizabeth, the wife of Emperor Franz Josef, traveled.

In addition, there is also a small museum for small children aged 3-6, along with activities suitable for those ages and also plays all made of wooden facilities. Among the exhibits that the toddlers can see here is a giant piano, on which the children can jump, the first car in the world invented by the Jewish Siegfried Marcus in Austria in 1864, a coloring computer and a large pipe through which strange sounds can be played.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Vceo8ia54_Q
Schnbrunn Palace
Schönbrunn Palace
#About the Schönbrunn Palace

The Schönbrunn Palace is one of the most popular attractions in Vienna and Austria. About 3 million visitors visit it each year, tour the magnificent palace rooms and enjoy hiking and relaxation in its landscaped gardens.

The Schönbrunn Palace complex includes not only the enormous palace, but also magnificent gardens, giant hothouses and a zoo. There is no doubt that this place, with its impressive architecture, unique interior design and diverse artworks, has a central place in Austrian history.
The Schönbrunn Palace was built in Rococo style, during several generations of the Hapsburg Empire family, between the late 17th and mid-18th centuries. The palace has about 1400 rooms, 40 of which are currently open to the general public.

In 1830 Emperor Franz Joseph, who was to rule the Austro-Hungarian Empire for the rest of his life, was born here. He lived in the palace with his wife, the Empress Cissi, the most beautiful queen in Europe and a beloved figure of the Austrian people. By the way, she did not sleep much in the palace. This is due to problems in the marriage of the imperial couple. The beauty Cissi was murdered in 1898, by an assassin. The emperor himself continued to live in the palace until his death, in 1916. In fact, it was the end of the glorious Habsburg dynasty of centuries.

The park surrounding the palace was the hunting grounds of the royal family. In general, the prevailing opinion in the Baroque period was that the outer areas should complete the design of the palace. And that is how the palace's landscaped gardens were built. The fountains, arranged with flowers and small trees - all symbolize the Baroque period.
After the death of Emperor Franz Josef, in 1916, the palace became the property of the new Republic of Austria.
You will definitely enjoy an entire day in the complex, as it offers all kinds of activities for all ages and all kinds of interests - water pools, greenhouses, carriages museum, playground facilities and a bakery. One of the main attractions is a huge maze for both children and adults. In the summer months you can catch a ride on the tourist train surrounding the palace and gardens.



#Tips

It is worthwhile to dedicate at least 4 hours for a visit here, and if possible - half a day.
It is highly recommended to book tickets in advance and save time by not standing in line.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/EbPJr8ujQdo



#And From Outside:

https://youtu.be/rN3JSK_hvqU?t=4m10s&end=5m19s



#And From Inside:

https://youtu.be/OIiXru8r5fA

Vienna

Sigmund Freud Museum
Sigmund Freud Museum
#About the Home of the Psychology Giant

At 19 Berg Street, in the fifth apartment in the ninth district of Vienna, stands the house where the theory that changed everything that was known about the human psyche was developed. This is his apartment, or so-called "Sigmund Freud House."

In this house Freud lived with his wife and six children for 47 years between 1891 and 1938, until he had to flee to London to escape Nazi persecution in 1939.
The idea for the house and its development was overseen by Freud’s daughter Anna, in 1971. The house is full of fascinating items from his life - the restored study and waiting room with restored with original furniture, pictures, souvenirs and items from Freud's collection of antiquities and documents. You will also be able to watch it in rare 1930’s films that tell the story of the fascinating family.

The site is now a pilgrimage site for psychoanalytic researchers and for those interested in psychology who come here for a visit and for research and study purposes. There are over 80,000 visitors a year. You will find here a permanent collection and temporary exhibitions, as well as a library considered the greatest in Europe, in the field of psychoanalysis.

One of the interesting exhibitions opened here was an exhibition devoted specifically to the other tenants in the mythological house. The exhibition "The Disappeared Neighbors of Freud" recreates the lives and fate of the tenants during and after World War II. It is possible to learn from the personal stories of the neighbors about the rise and fall of the Jews of Vienna and Austria.



#How did Freud Advance the Human Psyche? (Courtsey Eureka Encyclopedia)

The important Jewish physician and psychologist Sigmund Freud was a neurologist and researcher in the field of psychology. He lived in Vienna, right next to Benjamin Ze'ev Herzl.

The doctor reached the conclusion that some of his patients who complaint of physical pain stemmed from mental difficulties they were experiencing, but were not aware of, he began to investigate the issue. From here he reached psychology and excelled at it. Incidentally, he thought that at the basis of human behavior was sexual desire.

Freud was one of the most important thinkers in the field of personality theory, and one of the most prominent and influential scientists in the twentieth century. He is the father of psychoanalysis, which deals with the overall personality structure, its development, its defects and its healing methods. The impact of his research and his theory of the 20th century is enormous. It covers many areas, from art, marketing, public relations, political propaganda and statesmanship to the treatment of PTSD, social relations, the media, and even the selfie culture and the extreme individualism of the individual in the 21st century.

Freud has researched the unconscious and the dreams, as symbols associated with the dreamer's life. He defined himself as a "conqueror of the soul" and in his conception of his research and his role in science, he saw himself as a hero who revealed the secrets of the soul.

When Freud analyzed consciousness, he argued that there are three areas of consciousness in our psyche:
1. The unconscious - perceives the greatest part of the soul.
2. The subconscious - where information is stored.
3. The Consciousness - Everything we are aware of at a given moment. This is the smallest part of the soul.

Freud also studied religion and the soul, the humor, the psychology of the masses and the impulses and human sexuality. He developed the idea that Nietzsche had left behind, that the brain was the pilot directing the human heart.

During his life, Freud developed a new treatment method in which the patient converses with the therapist during regular sessions. The therapist helps him to rethink himself, thinking that helps him solve the mental and physical difficulties he suffers from. Today, this method of treatment, and of course the method of psychoanalysis, which means examining the patient's psyche, is seen as the basis of modern psychology.

Freud was not always right, but his influence is enormous and his contribution to the world of psychology and the modern world is incomprehensible in terms of a single person, who is not a dictator or Albert Einstein...



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUzqbRI5WSM
Alten Jdischen Friedhof
Alten Jüdischen Friedhof
#About Vienna’s Ancient Jewish Cemetery

The four Jewish cemeteries of Vienna tell the historical story of the Jews in the city, a history that combines the decrees, murders and expulsion of Jewish residents.

The old Jewish cemetery, Friedhof, is only one of them. In this cemetery are buried prominent figures in the history of the Jews of Vienna, among them the famous Jewish conductor and composer Gustav Mahler, members of the Viennese branch of the Rothschild family and the Jewish playwright Arthur Schnitzler.

If you look carefully at the place, you will see that most of the tombs are not properly maintained and are worn out. The vegetation takes over, parts of the graves tend to fall and in general - the place seems relatively neglected. However, it is still fascinating because of the history it holds.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/HmPvyK78mMI
Mariahilfer Strasse
Mariahilfer Strasse
#About Vienna's Shopping Avenue

Vienna's shopping district, is also the longest shopping street in Austria, named Maria Hilper Street. It starts near the Westbahnhof Station and reaches the Museum Quarter (Westbahnhof).

The long street, parts of which has a pedestrian walkway, has restaurants and cafés on both sides, where you can enjoy the time of Vienna. It is a meeting place for locals and tourists who come to mingle.

At Maria Hilper Street you can find luxury shops alongside shops at reasonable prices and below. The large chains hold all their major shops in Vienna here, but after shopping around, especially during the holiday season, you will find here sales with prices matching those of the leading brands and international chains.
There are clothes, furniture, housewares, electronics, books and whatnot. Off to work guys! All this shopping is ahead of you!

Are you tired of shopping and you want to rest and eat something? - Click on the restaurants icon above and you can find a good restaurant or coffee shop nearby.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/1ooKpuPLbFw
Rathaus
Rathaus
#About the Town Hall of Vienna

At first glance, the neo-Gothic building with the clock tower looks like another typical Viennese cathedral, but when you stand in front of it, a magnificent city building - the Rathaus - is discovered in front of it.

The building was planned in 1872 by architect Friedrich Schmidt, but was opened only in 1883, since it took 11 years to build it. The building has 1575 rooms. At the top of the tall clock tower, 98 meters high, stands a sculpted figure of a knight in an armor suit with a spear, a figure that today has become one of the symbols of the city.

To this day, the Rathaus is the seat of the Vienna municipality and the place of activity of the governor of Vienna and members of the city council. It also houses the library and the municipal and government archives. Yes, here there is quite a bit of information about the Jews of Vienna during different wars in history.

Outside the town hall you will see the large square known as the Rathausplatz. Every year there are events, festivals, music performances and a Christmas market. And not only that, if you leave the square, you can walk a little to the nearby Rathauspark Park.



#Tips

During the winter, the entrance hall of the town hall becomes a skating rink. Real fun for those around ...

In 2012, extensive renovations began at an investment of 35 million euros. The work will continue until 2023.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/rY16C0oKvWQ


Ringstrasse
Ringstrasse
#About the Ringstrasse, the Most Famous Round Street in Vienna

It seems that every city has a certain street that has become its clear and inseparable symbol - from Fifth Avenue in New York, to Via Veneto in Rome. Ringstrasse is the same type of street, but unlike its other similar streets, it has almost no stores at all. Over the years, historical and public buildings were built there: the Opera House, the Parliament Building, the City Hall, the Central Library, the Botanical Garden, the Hofburg Palace and more.

The street was originally built following an imperial edict by Franz Joseph announcing the destruction of the walls and fortifications around the city and the construction of the grand street. Construction began in 1858, and ended seven years later, its cost amounted to quite a bit - about a billion dollars.

From the initial planning it was clear that the goal was to create a center of Vienna - built for four large driving routes, a special pedestrian walkway, cyclists and tracks for the tram. It is shaped in a horseshoe shape and is 6.5 kilometers in length.

Today, thousands of people come to this road to see the architectural buildings, the well-tended gardens, the monuments and statues from the imperial periods of Vienna and the many tourist attractions the street offers. In addition, the street hosts quite a few festivals and cultural and leisure events that also receive a proper backdrop: colorful lamps, flags and matching stalls.



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_kuccG04bkY



#The History:

https://youtu.be/1y5OUTjy2ys
Rathaus Park
#About the Symmetrical Park Created by the Emperor for the Viennese

You are in Vienna's Rathaus Park. This pleasant garden was ordered by Emperor Franz Josef in 1863 for the people of his town. Thus the green and flowering Rathaus Park was born.

The size of the park, which was built between the parliament building and the university building, reaches 40,000 square kilometers. On one side you can see public buildings such as the National Theater and the City Hall, on the other hand, quite a bit of greenery, plants and trees.

The park is made up of two almost identical parts, with a busy square filled with street performances. Movies are often screened here for the public, and it is always filled with smiling visitors.

If you come here during Christmas, you'll see the traditional market. It is an attraction in itself.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/25B4awMtlT8?t=24s
Burgtheater
#About Austria's National Theater

The Burgtheater, the National Theater of Austria, is the oldest theater in Europe. It was founded by Empress Maria Theresa in 1741. The Viennese call it simply the "screw".
In 1776 it became the National Theater, thanks to the initiative of Emperor Joseph II, son of Maria Theresa. It is located within a historic building in the Ringstrasse, the boulevard that surrounds the center of Vienna. This theater was moved to this building in 1888.

But the "Screw" was never just a theater house. Many lovers of art and culture visited this place regularly, especially during the Golden Age of Vienna's most prominent actors and actresses.

The building was damaged during World War II, but it was not long before it was restored back to function. The structure of the theater on the outside reminds of a large and impressive white castle, but the interior is no less magnificent and impressive. This luxury is expressed, among other things, by the luxurious chandeliers, carpets and ceiling paintings painted by the Klimt brothers. It has 1,300 seats and so many visitors have come here over the years. Quite a few playwrights have staged their plays here, including Theodore Herzl.

Today you can listen at the museum to concerts and other special events. The annual literary festival is also held here every year.



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6wmrZmCUks
Austrian Parliament Building
#About the Austrian House of Parliament

The Austrian House of Parliament was built in the ancient Greek style, in the style of the Greek Revival, an architectural style that was popular in the 18th century in Europe and America. This style of construction makes it particularly prominent in the landscape of historic buildings around it. The building is 151 meters long, 132 meters wide and contains no less than 1,600 rooms.

The construction of the parliament began in the mid-19th century and lasted for 10 years. In 1883, when the building first opened, the elected representatives of the Austro-Hungarian Empire arrived. Today it serves as the seat of the houses chosen in the elections to represent the Austrian people - the National Council and the Lower House.
It is worth paying attention to some interesting objects outside the building:

At the entrance to the building you will see the big fountain and the statue that stands at its head - the statue of the goddess of Greek wisdom, Athena.
On the left, one can see the monument for the Austrian Republic, with statues of the three leaders of Vienna (the father of the Austrian Republic, the mayor of Vienna and the Welfare Minister of Vienna before World War II).

On the right side of the building stands a statue in the shape of Austrian Chancellor Dr. Karl Rerner.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/7VAqD_5N7gU



#And From Inside:

https://youtu.be/l0_iBon9l7E
Mumok
#About the Modern Museum of Vienna

The Museum of Modern Art of Vienna is an industrial looking building, a reminder of a threatening and alienated industrial enterprise. And yes, its structure may seem a bit depressing, but the Mumok, the Museum of Modern Art of Vienna, is one of the most interesting museums in the world for modern and contemporary art lovers.

The Mumok is located in the Vienna Museum Quarter and from its exterior, one can already understand what art it presents, since the building is built of bricks that resemble black basalt and has almost no windows. The exposed lighting and ventilation systems within the museum also emphasize the fact that this museum deals with modern art.

The museum exhibits thousands of works from the early 20th century up to today. There is modern art and art by contemporary artists, professionals and celebrities, alongside young and beginning artists, who show promising talent.

You can see here important works of classical modernist artists, such as Picasso, Kandinsky and Paul Klee, of pop art artists, such as Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein and so on. The works include paintings, sculptures, video art works, constellations and more.

Try something new, and come and see the works. some start laughing at first, can embarrassed and say to each other, "I can paint like that too!" But slowly there is a chance you will see how aesthetic and beauty, intelligence and talent are in the modern art of the talented artists who are willing to absorb even mockery, as long as no one will remain indifferent...



#The Artworks at the Mumok:

https://youtu.be/HYL2mt8tFPk



#Part of the Modern Exhibit Which Combines Animation:

https://youtu.be/wiSac27C-Hg



#Lights Exhibit at the Mumok:

https://youtu.be/sL846g6ZZzU
Cafe Central
#About Vienna’s Intellectual Coffee

Imagine sitting in a cafe where Sigmund Freud and the psychologist Alfred Adler are sitting. From time to time, Theodor Herzl comes in and tells of his visions for a Jewish state, and Lenin and Trotsky sit on a side table and play chess while dreaming of socialism and Marxism in Russia. There was also a man there who was futured for the world’s destruction, called Adolf Hitler.

Cafe Central, opened in 1876, is the place where, at end of the 19th century the Vienna intellectual elite gathered. The design at Cafe Central is prestigious, almost royal, probably because the cafe is located in an ancient palace. Marble columns and arches all around, expensive rugs, dark velvet chairs and crystal chandeliers complement the picture.

Here, half a century later, a group of philosophers, known as the Vienna Circle, will sit in the 1930’s. They were the founders of the school of "logical positivism" in philosophy. This approach argues that experience is the only source of knowledge and will reveal that logical analysis, along with symbolic logic, is the preferred method for solving philosophical problems.

But more about the café and its surroundings. At Cafe Central you will be served excellent coffee, with porcelain dishes placed on a silver tray. Along with the coffee the café offers wonderful desserts of Vienna, along with the excellent cakes and fine creams. Give a chance to the special pancake, Kaiser's dish, served with a variety of Viennese coffee styles.

The hungry will be able to enjoy the Vienna Schnitzel, and other classically delicious Viennese dishes from Vienna. Along with all these, if you like, you can indulge in the local Vienna cafes traditions and read the daily newspapers offered here for diners.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/LFc0Cnlxa80
Naturhistorisches Museum
#About the Vienna Natural History Museum

When did you last enjoy dinosaur relicas and stuffed animals of amazing quantity and quality? This museum is a place for nature lovers and children so that they can see the richness of the natural world and the beauty of creation.

The first collection to be displayed in the museum was the private collection of Emperor Franz I, the husband of the Austrian empress Maria Theresa. Today, you can see the museum's 39 exhibition halls a wealth of exhibits - stuffed animals, dinosaur skeletons, extinct stuffed animals, plants, meteorites, the world's largest collection of more than 1100 meteorites, fossils, minerals, Gemstones, precious stones and more. In total there are over 20 million items here!

The museum not only holds natural treasures. The building is a kind of architectural masterpiece. It is decorated in the Neo-Renaissance style and was designed by the architects Karl Freiher and Gottfried Samper between 1872-1891. This is also why it is very similar to the Vienna Art Museum, which was also designed by this architectural pair.

During the visit, pay particular attention to the collection of gems, the display of huge dinosaurs and a meteorite weighing a ton, where you can touch and even be impressed by its special size and texture. Also, try not to miss the multimedia presentation that explains the meteorites and their associated theories.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/wr9nLh-6hyo



#From Inside:

https://youtu.be/kNKI9ekm88k
Judenplatz
# About the Jewish Square in Vienna

You are located in the Jewish Square, the Judenfalz. Back in the Middle Ages this square was a central place for the Jews of Vienna. Between the 13th and 15th centuries this was the heart of the Jewish ghetto. Its importance in the past, by the way, is also the reason why today it is a symbol of Jewish heritage, and will remain so for the future. It contains important milestones in the history of the Jews of Vienna: a synagogue, the Jewish Museum and the Holocaust Memorial.

The official synagogue of the Jewish community in Vienna is magnificent and impressive. Lectures and discussions on culture and Judaism are held in the synagogue. It was opened in 1826 on a side street and was unnoticeable. The reason was that Emperor Joseph II prohibited the construction of non-Catholic houses of worship in central places. This, incidentally, was the reason why the synagogue survived the Kristallnacht of 1938. It was simply far from the center of the riots.

At Jewish Museum, which opened in 2011, you can discover and learn how the Jews lived in Austria over the years, to see various collections of ancient sacred instruments, to learn about the interesting Jewish characters of that period and to get a glimpse of modern Judaism as well.

In the museum you will also find archeological findings from the Great Synagogue of the Middle Ages, which was burned in 1421. During the excavations for the building of the monument, remains of the synagogue that was burned in 1421 were discovered. These findings have provided rare testimony to the life of the Jews in the Middle Ages.
In the museum you can also see historical sacred artifacts, 3D exhibits of the life of the ancient Jewish community and more. Each floor of the museum will present to you a different layer of different periods in the Jewish history of Vienna.

The memorial was erected here in memory of the 65,000 Jews of Vienna who were murdered in the Holocaust. The monument was built in 2001 and is in the shape of a white cube, with shelves filled with books. The shelves are a symbol of the spirituality of the Jewish people, with the book. Beside the monument is a caption in memory of Austrian Holocaust victims. The building was designed by the British artist Rachel Weiterid.

In the center of the square, by the way, you can also see the sculpture "Nathan the Wise", a statue of the German playwright Ephraim Lessing. Lessing called his play "Nathan the Wise" for tolerance towards the Jews. The original statue was destroyed by the Nazis and was redesigned in 1982.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/77JNhFk8KMg



#And While it's Raining:

https://youtu.be/UPyC18pteSM
Maria Theresien-Platz
#About the Square that Connects Vienna’s Museums

The Maria Theresien-Platz Square actually separates the two main museums of the city of Vienna: the Museum of Art on the one hand (the Kunsthistorisches Museum) and the Natural History Museum on the other, which was used in the past as horse stables for the Emperor.

In the center of the square is an impressive monument of Empress Maria Theresa. Theresa, an aristocrat from the Habsburgs, ruled Austria for no less than 40 years, along with her partner Franz I. The couple controlled the Austro-Hungarian Empire for the years 1740-1780, and although she was "only" the Emperor’s wife, her influence on the empire actually surpassed his own and was very significant. Maria Theresa was especially loved by the Austrian people and is considered to be one of the strongest and most influential women of her time.

The statue was exposed to the public after 13 years of planning and construction in May 1888, on the Emperor's birthday, May 13. It is made of marble and bronze and stands on a large stage consisting of three floors. At the bottom of the statue you will see the figures of the Imperial Court who symbolize wisdom, justice and mercy. Next to them stand the noble horses of the Empire. In the middle part you will see the daughters of the Imperial Court and at the top you will see the image of Empress Maria Theresa sitting on the throne, holding a wand in her left hand.

The sculpture undoubtedly displays power and the important part she had in the establishment of the Imperial Empire. Around the podium are columns and chains that enclose the entrance to it.

The square itself is well maintained with greenery and walking trails. Enjoy!



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/oFqPYuREnmY



#Another Look:

https://youtu.be/LiF4AXLjpI4


Heldenplatz
#About the Square Where Hitler Declared the Anschluss

The Heldenplatz square, near the Hofburg Palace, was already planned in the 19th century by the German architect Gottfried Sampeter. Upon completion, it immediately became the main square of the palace. In the square there are still quite a few inviting grasslands.

In the square there are two main statues built in 1860 and 1865, respectively, and both symbolize Austria's glorious past:

The statue of the Grand Duke Karl of Austria - the Austrian general who defeated Napoleon in the Battle of Aspern-Esling, and who was destined to glorify the lineage of the great Austrian military leaders.

The statue of Prince Eugene of Savoy - one of the most important generals in Europe of the early modern era and the one who’s end came at the defeat to the Turkish armies of the
Ottoman Empire.

Throughout history, some of the most important events in history took place in the square. One of them was the official declaration of Adolf Hitler in 1938 on the union between Nazi Germany and Austria, the Anschluss. This agreement between a native of Austria who became a German dictator and his first homeland would soon lead to a few more Nazi provocations that would lead to World War II and massive destruction, both in Germany and in Austria.
Hofburg
#About the Hofburg Palace

The palace of the Habsburg Emperors is located among huge palaces in the heart of the Old City. This palace was the center of power of the Habsburg Empire for centuries. The first part of the complex was a castle that stood here in the 13th century. Each of the Austrian kings added another layer to the site, in order to improve and make the complex more glamorous. Finally, the beautiful Royal Museum was created, in front of which you stand - each of which has a different style.

A glimpse of the imperial apartments is a bit like time traveling to the daily life of the palace of the rulers of the empire in previous centuries. Thus, by visiting the palace you can
learn about the daily life of the aristocratic families. There are quite a few interesting attractions to visit - the impressive royal jewelry collection, the royal apartments where Emperor Franz Joseph and his wife Queen Elizabeth lived, including the imperial toilet of Emperor Franz Joseph, and the Cissi Museum - the museum showing Queen Elizabeth's personal items, The silverware of the palace.

The ancient parts of the palace are in the area surrounding the Swiss courtyard, which leads to the imperial treasury. Today the National Library is here, the collection of instruments, a collection of weapons, the imperial luxury apartments, the ancient Greek city of Ephesus, an ethnographic museum displaying items from the entire world, especially interesting is the crown of Montezuma of the Aztecs, and items brought by Captain Cook during his travels.

When the Habsburg dynasty grew, the Hofburg Palace was enlarged and a grand residential complex was erected. Each step in the extensions and each new building was built in the preferred style of construction time. This is why the palace complex can be found in almost any architectural style, from the Gothic style to the Baroque style to the Art Nouveau of the early 20th century.

Read on your own about the Imperial Chapel, where the Vienna Boys Choir performs, every Sunday mass, and the Spanish Riding School, which dates back to the 16th century and sits in another ancient part of the palace.



#Tips

Parents; during weekends and holidays there are tours held in the palace for children ages 6-11, where they measure royal clothes and learn how the emperors of the pas lived.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/n-a0fFGz-oE?t=16s
Cafe Demel
#About the Famous Cafe that Serves Divine Apple Strudel

You know what? - Let's not call this place a "cafe," since watching the Marzipan artist creates figures from marzipan and amazing cakes like Demel's Strudel, is an experience that is not ordinary in ordinary cafes. This is an artistic institution. End of point.

The Cafe Damel bakery was founded in 1785, when it was bought a century later by Christophe Demel and since then it has been named after him. The pastry shop is located at the edge of Kohlmarkt, Vienna's most expensive street. It has a sun terrace with tables, an inviting baroque entrance, hanging crystal chandeliers and mirrored wall panels.
Demel boasts the status of “Kaiserlich und Königlich”, which means that it is an official supplier of the empire and the royal family.

To complete the experience, the pastry shop has a glass wall through which diners can see the bakers preparing their excellent strudels and cakes. The coffee will be served here from fancy containers and the chocolate drink, which we are usually used to get from the powder, is made from real chocolate.



#How to Prepare the Demel Viennese Strudel?

To this day, the real Viennese strudel is served here to the general public. Its dough is so thin that the pastry chefs say that you have to be able to read a newspaper through the
strudel dough for it to be authentic.

When the dough is spread on the table, sprinkle some apples, raisins, almonds, sugar, cinnamon and a little lemon, so that the flavor will balance the taste of the apple. Finally, roll the strudel and put it in the oven.



#About the Cafes in Vienna

Filled with culture and the atmosphere of yesteryear, Vienna's cafes offer a special experience. Here the Viennese spend leisure time or rest during the afternoons, with local newspapers.

The cafés here are very relaxed, which is part of the Viennese culture. Here you can sit for hours and even a whole day reading newspapers and not rushing anywhere, without anyone having a problem with it.

Dozens of coffees types are offered here and you can ask for a guided tour with photos of all the kinds of coffee. In any case, if the waiters ask you if you want "ober" in your coffee, it mean adding whipped cream on top of your coffee.

Alongside with coffee in Vienna, the waiters tend to always serve a glass of water and they will fill it again and again until the customer leaves. They will always be dressed, by the
way, in a white shirt and dark trousers, a respectable and meticulous attire that is mandatory in the Viennese cafes.

The design here often conveys the appearance and atmosphere of the past, although over the years of the modern era, some of Vienna's cafes changed the traditional design for a modern, young, elegant and more modern design.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/nqJsRlLUCH8



#Everyone Here Bakes the Strudel - Vienna's Famous Apple Pie:

https://youtu.be/ND2m50YxFBQ
Spanische Hofreitschule
#About the Fascinating Horse Kingdom of Vienna

The Spanische Hofreitschule in Vienna is probably the only institution in the world that for more than 500 years has been teaching and preserving the traditional style (haute école) of Western Europe.

Riding in general was part of the social status of the nobility and empire, for they would boast of their horses as part of their objects of art, sculptures, paintings, silver and gold. This was also the reason why it was important for them to try and preserve it for future generations.

At its founding, the place was a horse breeding sanctuary for the Habsburg House, but later became one of the most prestigious and well known schools in the world for training, learning and riding instruction for the aristocracy. According to this method, the purebred horses are trained and shaped to get well-trained horses. They move in a noble way and the many exercises bring the riders to total control and harmony with the horses.

Since then, the place has provided riding lessons for the Viennese aristocracy. Next to it are the royal stables, where the Lippitzian horses are taken care of, horses of the most ancient breed in Europe. They are called so because 400 years ago they were raised in Lipica, which until 1918 was part of Austria. At the school they also take care of the riders' excellent riding equipment, such as saddles, bridles and pullers.

The school building is located near the Michael Platz square, in the Hofburg Palace complex. It is open to visitors who can visit to watch the training and performances of experienced riders.

For tourists and residents of Vienna, the school presents special riding shows, a kind of ballet that shows remarkable harmony between skilled riders and the Lippitzian horses. These performances take place in a beautifully decorated riding hall and the sounds of classical music, such as Viennese waltzes written by Johann Strauss’s son. The riders ride the horses in an elegant way that once characterized the noblemen of the era of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and today is a souvenir of the past.



#Tips

Some people were disappointed with the display, others liked it. This is a different pleasure than usual, but with totally passive viewing. It is not for everyone, and therefore it is worthwhile to think and decide before going, so as not to be disappointed.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/84Ii_Xdk6jI



#A Look From a Distance:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9s2_ZYzQ7Y
Donaupark
Donauturm
Kunsthistorisches Museum
katholische kirche st peter
Hofburgkapelle