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Vienna
Vienna
#About the City of Vienna

For hundreds of years Vienna, Austria's capital, has been sitting on the banks of the Danube, and has been the cultural capital of Europe. How many wrote about the splendor of its palaces and the beauty of its gardens, its wide streets and its magnificent public buildings. This is the Vienna of the music of Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, Strauss, Mahler, Brahms, Schubert and the Vienna Boys Choirs.

Vienna is a city with a rich history, varied and magnificent architecture, a city that was the monarch of classical music, the source of Viennese waltzes and the capital of German-speaking operas.

Vienna was born as a Roman fortress called Windobona. Around the fortress a city was born, which for a long time was s "fortress of Christianity." Even the Muslim Turks understood this and tried to invade western Europe through this city. But they were rebuffed twice, and left the city their coffee. From here coffee will spread throughout Europe and become the most popular drink in the world.

Vienna became the heart of the Habsburg Empire. Here a strong empire will develop that will become rich, a conqueror, and control large parts of Europe. For 650 years Vienna was the meeting point between Eastern and Western Europe, and was the cradle of European culture and the capital of Austria.

From this city also emerged great Jews, such as the genius of psychology Sigmund Freud, and founder of Zionism Theodor Herzl. Artists like Gustav Klimt, and the wonderful architect Hundertwasser grew up here.

Both the stomach and taste glands will love every moment in this city. From the aroma of its excellent coffee, through the apple strudel with the vanilla ice cream served next to it, to the taste of the huge Viennese schnitzel with its crisp coating and wonderful taste. Everything here surrounds taste.

Vienna, once the stronghold of European conservatism and a city whose glory is based on its past, reinvents itself as an innovative city ready for change, with a healthy connection to its glorious past.

But this is still the Vienna of the statues, the wonderful Baroque buildings, the large squares and the museums that are rich in charm and science - this city will leave a wonderful memory for many years to remember.


#Must See
Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must see in Vienna".


#With children
A trip for the whole family? - Click on the tag "Attractions for children in Vienna".


#Food
An unforgettable meal? - Click on the tag "Must eat in Vienna".


#Tip
In most European countries service fees are already included in the check, so it is customary to give a 2 euro tip, regardless of the price of the check itself.


#Entertainment
A good evening outing in this city is to the "Heurigen", one of hundreds of wineries in Vienna that sell wines from the production of the last harvest.


#Clubs
The most prominent clubs in Vienna are the Flex, the prominent club that hosts the world's most popular DJ's and quite a few rock stars (found in Donaukanal-Augartenbrücke). The industrial club Werk (Spittelauer Lände 12), The Loft Club and cafe, and the largest club in Austria, the Prater Dome, is located at Prater, Riesenradplatz 7.


#Austria Country Code
+43


#Saving
Public transport - the Viennese people who this on a daily basis pay only 365 euros a year, which is 1euro per day. Tourists pay a little more, but nevertheless, children under the age of 12 travel free of charge.

Communication - buy a local SIM that give several gigabytes of data in Austria.

Food and home shopping- The Hoffer stores are very cheap, but not branded or recognized. The Billa chain of stores is cheap and economical, especially in fruits and vegetables, both in Vienna and in Austria as a whole, especially in stores and gas stations. The store sells everything, including ready-made food!

The Regular bus - a great way to get to know Vienna. Use our app and whenever you refresh the page, the app will recognize what is nearby and you will be able to listen to explanations.

Discounts in all kinds of places - bring a student card.

Be sure to stack up beforehand - from Saturday at 2 pm and all of Sunday all the stores are closed, including supermarkets and malls.

#Shopping

Vienna is not a place for crazy amounts of shopping as it is pretty expensive. If you don't like expensive jewelry, hand painted porcelain, or leather products, it is less of a shopping destination.

The large sales are around Christmas and during the summer.

Maria Hilfer Strasse is Vienna's well-known and popular shopping street. It is not necessarily the cheapest. Cheap in Vienna is rare to find.

See more places by clicking on the tag "Shopping in Vienna".

#Entertainment

The entertainment areas of Vienna are more classical and fancy, and less wild and full of cocktails. An evening out in this town is going out to a Waltz party, concert or opera, and Heurigens, ones of hundreds of wineries in Vienna that sell their own wine.

Entertainment places can be found by clicking on the tag "Entertainment in Vienne".

#Electric Outlets
Possible plugs to use are Type C, Type E, and Type F (see link below with photos).


A Taste of the Upcoming Trip? - Here's a video That Will Show you the City in All its Beauty:

https://youtu.be/FsjHqvpTRag


Vienna's Sites:
https://youtu.be/cwenLWoeItQ


Here is a Vacation in Vienna with Everything the City has to Offer, Presented Quickly:

https://youtu.be/JfKKjD0GSZo


A Bit of Street food:

https://youtu.be/U_3i7FkbucM
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
#About Vienna's Main Cathedral

St. Stephen's Cathedral is one of the most famous symbols of the city of Vienna. It is an impressive cathedral and one of the highest cathedrals in the world. Here the Catholic Archbishop of Vienna sits.

Over the years, there have been quite a few important events and ceremonies, including weddings and burial ceremonies of nobles, princes and kings and other personalities, such as Mozart.

Today the cathedral is one of the city's religious and cultural symbols and an international heritage site. Every year, hundreds of thousands of visitors arrive and admire the architecture.

Make sure to go up to the observation deck, which you will reach after climbing no less than 343 steps, and from where you will be exposed to a breathtaking view of the entire city. Notice the gothic-tiled roof, all decorated with colorful decorations. It h as no less than a quarter million tiles shimmering in the sunlight and forming a two-headed eagle.



#The Catherdral's Architecture

St. Stephen's Cathedral was built in 1147. Its length is 107 meters and its width is 70 meters. Over the course of a thousand years, it underwent quite a few changes, until it reached its present design, which was built in 1511. After that, over the years until 1952, minor renovations and changes were made, through donations from the Austrian people. From time to time, the cathedral undergoes repairs, maintenance and other reconstructions, and the results are great, even for non-Christians.

The Cathedral has a variety of halls, buildings and rooms designed in all kinds of styles - some of them in the old Romanesque style, a remnant of early Roman architecture. Some of them in the Gothic style of the Middle Ages. In the Cathedral you will also find altars, gravestones, holy statues and chapels. In addition, there are also catacombs, magnificent burial caves of bishops, dukes and other nobles who were buried here.

After World War II, because of Allied bombardments, the interior of the Cathedral was completely burned down. One of its symbols, the giant bell, originally created from the remains of cannons abandoned in Vienna in 1683, collapsed. In time, the bell was replaced by a new one, and today it rings only on special occasions.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bvu5-jd_8fs
Schnbrunn Palace
Schönbrunn Palace
#About the Schönbrunn Palace

The Schönbrunn Palace is one of the most popular attractions in Vienna and Austria. About 3 million visitors visit it each year, tour the magnificent palace rooms and enjoy walking and relaxating in its landscaped gardens.

The Schönbrunn Palace complex includes not only the enormous palace, but also magnificent gardens, giant greenhouses and a zoo. There is no doubt that this place, with its impressive architecture, unique interior design and diverse artworks, has a central place in Austrian history.
The Schönbrunn Palace was built in Rococo style, during several generations of the Hapsburg Empire family, between the late 17th and mid-18th centuries. The palace has about 1,400 rooms, 40 of which are currently open to the general public.

In 1830 Emperor Franz Joseph, who was to rule the Austro-Hungarian Empire for the rest of his life, was born here. He lived in the palace with his wife, the Empress Cissi, the most beautiful queen in Europe and a beloved figure of the Austrian people. By the way, she did not sleep much in the palace. This is due to problems in the marriage of the imperial couple. The beautiful Cissi was murdered in 1898 by an assassin. The emperor himself continued to live in the palace until his death, in 1916. In fact, it was the end of the glorious Habsburg dynasty of centuries.

The park surrounding the palace was the hunting grounds of the royal family. In general, the prevailing opinion in the Baroque period was that the outer areas should complete the design of the palace. And that is how the palace's landscaped gardens were built. The fountains, arranged with flowers and small trees - all symbolize the Baroque period.

After the death of Emperor Franz Josef, in 1916, the palace became the property of the new Republic of Austria.

You will definitely enjoy an entire day in the complex, as it offers all kinds of activities for all ages and all kinds of interests - water pools, greenhouses, carriages museum, playground facilities and a bakery. One of the main attractions is a huge maze for both children and adults. In the summer months you can catch a ride on the tourist train surrounding the palace and gardens.



#Tips

It is worthwhile to dedicate at least 4 hours for a visit here, and if possible - half a day.

It is highly recommended to book tickets in advance and save time by not standing in line.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/EbPJr8ujQdo



From Outside:

https://youtu.be/rN3JSK_hvqU?t=4m10s&end=5m19s



From Inside:

https://youtu.be/OIiXru8r5fA
Spanische Hofreitschule
Spanish Riding School
#About the Fascinating Horse Kingdom of Vienna

The Spanish Riding School (Spanische Hofreitschule) in Vienna is probably the only institution in the world that for more than 500 years has been teaching and preserving the traditional riding style (haute école) of Western Europe.

Riding in general was part of the social status of the nobility and empire, for they would boast of their horses as part of their objects of art, sculptures, paintings, silver and gold. This was also the reason why it was important for them to try and preserve it for future generations.

At its founding, the place was a horse breeding sanctuary for the Habsburg House, but later became one of the most prestigious and well known schools in the world for training, learning and riding instruction for the aristocracy. According to this method, the purebred horses are trained to become well-trained horses. They move in a noble way and the many exercises bring the riders to total control and harmony with the horses.

Since then, the place has provided riding lessons for the Viennese aristocracy. Next to it are the royal stables, where the Lipizzan horses are taken care of, horses of the most ancient breed in Europe. They are called so because 400 years ago they were raised in Lipica, which until 1918 was part of Austria. At the school they also take care of the riders' excellent riding equipment, such as saddles, bridles and pullers.

The school building is located near the Michaelerplatz Square, in the Hofburg Palace complex. It is open to visitors who can visit to watch the training and performances of experienced riders.

For tourists and residents of Vienna, the school presents special riding shows, a kind of ballet that shows remarkable harmony between skilled riders and the Lipizzan horses. These performances take place in a beautifully decorated riding hall and the sounds of classical music, such as Viennese waltzes written by Johann Strauss’s son, are played. The riders ride the horses in an elegant way that once characterized the noblemen of the era of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and today is a souvenir of the past.



#Tips

Some people were disappointed with the display, others liked it. This is a different pleasure than usual, but with totally passive viewing. It is not for everyone, and therefore it is worthwhile to think and decide before going, so as not to be disappointed.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/84Ii_Xdk6jI



A Look From a Distance:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9s2_ZYzQ7Y

Vienna

Ringstrasse
Ringstrasse
#About the Ringstrasse, the Most Famous Round Street in Vienna

It seems that every city has a certain street that has become its clear and inseparable symbol - from Fifth Avenue in New York, to Via Veneto in Rome. Ringstrasse is the same type of street, but unlike its other similar streets, it has almost no stores at all. Over the years, historical and public buildings were built there: the Opera House, the Parliament Building, the City Hall, the Central Library, the Botanical Garden, the Hofburg Palace and more.

The street was originally built following an imperial edict by Franz Joseph announcing the destruction of the walls and fortifications around the city and the construction of the grand street. Construction began in 1858, and ended seven years later, its cost amounted to quite a bit - about a billion dollars.

From the initial planning it was clear that the goal was to create a center of Vienna - built for four large driving routes, a special pedestrian walkway, cyclists and tracks for the tram. It is shaped in a horseshoe shape and is 6.5 kilometers in length.

Today, thousands of people come to this road to see the architectural buildings, the well-tended gardens, the monuments and statues from the imperial periods of Vienna and the many tourist attractions the street offers. In addition, the street hosts quite a few festivals and cultural and leisure events that also receive a proper backdrop: colorful lamps, flags and matching stalls.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_kuccG04bkY



The History:

https://youtu.be/1y5OUTjy2ys
Rathaus Park
Rathaus Park
#About the Symmetrical Park Created by the Emperor for the Viennese

You are in Vienna's Rathaus Park. This pleasant garden was ordered by Emperor Franz Josef in 1863 for the people of his town. Thus the green and flowering Rathaus Park was born.

The size of the park, which was built between the parliament building and the university building, reaches 40,000 square kilometers. On one side you can see public buildings such as the National Theater and the City Hall, on the other hand, quite a bit of greenery, plants and trees.

The park is made up of two almost identical parts, with a busy square filled with street performances. Movies are often screened here for the public, and it is always filled with smiling visitors.

If you come here during Christmas, you'll see the traditional market. It is an attraction in itself.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/25B4awMtlT8?t=24s
Naturhistorisches Museum
Museum of Natural History
#About the Vienna Natural History Museum

When did you last enjoy dinosaur replicas and stuffed animals of amazing quantity and quality? This museum is a place for nature lovers and children so that they can see the richness of the natural world and the beauty of creation.

The first collection to be displayed in the museum was the private collection of Emperor Franz I, the husband of the Austrian empress Maria Theresa. Today, you can see the museum's 39 exhibition halls a wealth of exhibits - stuffed animals, dinosaur skeletons, extinct stuffed animals, plants, meteorites, the world's largest collection of more than 1100 meteorites, fossils, minerals, gemstones, precious stones and more. In total there are over 20 million items here!

The museum not only holds natural treasures. The building is a kind of architectural masterpiece in itself. It is decorated in the Neo-Renaissance style and was designed by the architects Karl Freiher and Gottfried Samper between 1872-1891. This is also why it is very similar to the Vienna Art Museum, which was also designed by this architectural pair.

During the visit, pay particular attention to the collection of gems, the display of huge dinosaurs and a meteorite weighing a ton, where you can touch and even be impressed by its special size and texture. Also, try not to miss the multimedia presentation that explains the meteorites and their associated theories.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/wr9nLh-6hyo



From Inside:

https://youtu.be/kNKI9ekm88k
Mumok
Mumok
#About the Modern Museum of Vienna

The Museum of Modern Art of Vienna is an industrial looking building, a reminder of a threatening and alienated industrial enterprise. And yes, its structure may seem a bit depressing, but the Mumok, the Museum of Modern Art of Vienna, is one of the most interesting museums in the world for modern and contemporary art lovers.

The Mumok is located in the Vienna Museum Quarter and from its exterior, one can already understand what art it presents, since the building is built of bricks that resemble black basalt and has almost no windows. The exposed lighting and ventilation systems within the museum also emphasize the fact that this museum deals with modern art.

The museum exhibits thousands of works from the early 20th century up to today. There is modern art and art by contemporary artists, professionals and celebrities, alongside young and beginning artists, who show promising talent.

You can see here important works of classical modernist artists, such as Picasso, Kandinsky and Paul Klee. Pop art artists, such as Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein and so on. The works include paintings, sculptures, video art works, constellations and more.

Try something new, and come and see the works. Some start laughing at first, and can be embarrassed and say to each other, "I can paint like that too!" But slowly there is a chance you will see how aesthetic and beauty, intelligence and talent are in the modern art of the talented artists who are willing to absorb even mockery, as long as no one will remain indifferent...



The Artworks at the Mumok:

https://youtu.be/HYL2mt8tFPk



Part of the Modern Exhibit Which Combines Animation:

https://youtu.be/wiSac27C-Hg



Lights Exhibit at the Mumok:

https://youtu.be/sL846g6ZZzU


Mozarthaus
Mozarthaus
#About the Museum in Memory of the Most Famous Composer in the History of Music

Vienna is the city of birth, or the arena of activity, for quite a few famous composers in music history, including Mozart, Schubert, Strauss, Mahler and Hayden. Throughout history, Vienna has become a central place of classical music creation and activity. The most prominent attraction related to the field is the Mozart Museum, which was the home of the great and gifted composer. Here Mozart created some of his brilliant works.

Mozart is known as a composer who transformed from a prodigy child into an incomprehensible musical genius. He was born in the city of Salzburg , but once he became famous he moved to Vienna and began to wander among the various apartments he had allowed himself to rent. In this house he lived and composed between 1784 and 1787, when he was already a composer of renown and status. Some call the place the Figaro House, since it is said that in this house Mozart composed the operas "The Marriage of Figaro" and "Don Giovanni" in 1787.

On the four floors of the museum you can see fascinating exhibits, from which you can learn about the composer's lifestyle and daily conduct, in the elegant and luxurious residence of the wealthy family. You will also see Mozart's life's work - exhibits related to his work - written works, pictures, paintings and artifacts. Throughout the museum you will listen to his works that are played on the loudspeakers of the place. On the ground floor of the museum there is a café and souvenir shop for visitors to enjoy.

The museum is definitely worth a visit because it is actually used as a glimpse into the Viennese culture, life, and history of one of the great cultural foundations of the 18th century and one of the greatest musicians in history.



#What's the Story of Mozart's Wonderful Memory? - (Courtesy of Eureka Encyclopedia)

Mozart was a musical genius who had already become a legend in his childhood. He wrote his first concerto at the age of 4, the first symphony at the age of six, and wrote a full opera at the age of 12.

These are unimaginable achievements, but it seems that the memory of the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was even more amazing. As a child, during a visit to Rome with his father and sister, Mozart heard the performance of a work called "Miserere" by composer Gregorio Allegri. This work is so holy that it was forbidden to play it, but rather as part of a ceremony held at the Vatican, the Christian Papal State, a ceremony that takes place only once a year. In addition, because of its holiness, the notes of this work were kept under heavy guard, so that they would not be copied by others.

But history tells us that Mozart as a boy, with his extraordinary memory, managed to write out the notes almost entirely from memory - after only one listening!



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zT--1yOr_Sk
Monument Against War and Fascism
#About the Monument for the Victims of Fascism

Behind the Opera House, next to the Duke Albrecht Palace, you can see the Monument Against War and Fascism (Mahnmal Gegen Krieg und Faschismus). The purpose of this monument is to remember the dark and difficult periods in the life of the Austrian nation and it is dedicated to the victims of World War II.

The monument against the war and Fascism was established in 1985 by the Austrian sculptor Alfred Hrdlicka, and it is not by accident that it is located here. In the course of air attacks in 1947, a building called "Philiphoff House" blew up in this place and took hundreds of victims.

The monument is constructed of various elements located in the square, including two white marble columns engraved with figures reflecting the suffering of the victims. The elements are made of granite taken from the area of ​​the Mauthausen concentration camp. Another element that belongs to the monument is the tombstone, the Rock of the Republic. Note that the Declaration of Independence of Austria is engraved on it.
Maria Theresien-Platz Square
#About the Square that Connects Vienna’s Museums

The Maria Theresien-Platz Square actually separates the two main museums of the city of Vienna: the Museum of Art on the one hand (the Kunsthistorisches Museum) and the Natural History Museum on the other, which was used in the past as horse stables for the Emperor.

In the center of the square is an impressive monument of Empress Maria Theresa. Theresa, an aristocrat from the Habsburgs, ruled Austria for no less than 40 years, along with her husband Franz I. The couple controlled the Austro-Hungarian Empire for the years 1740-1780, and although she was "only" the Emperor’s wife, her influence on the empire actually surpassed his own and she was very significant. Maria Theresa was especially loved by the Austrian people and is considered to be one of the strongest and most influential women of her time.

The statue was exposed to the public after 13 years of planning and construction in May 1888, on the Emperor's birthday. It is made of marble and bronze and stands on a large stage consisting of three floors. At the bottom of the statue you will see the figures of the Imperial Court who symbolize wisdom, justice and mercy. Next to them stand the noble horses of the Empire. In the middle part you will see the daughters of the Imperial Court and at the top you will see the image of Empress Maria Theresa sitting on the throne, holding a wand in her left hand.

The sculpture undoubtedly displays power and the important part she had in the establishment of the Imperial Empire. Around the podium are columns and chains that enclose the entrance to it.

The square itself is well maintained with greenery and walking trails. Enjoy!



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/oFqPYuREnmY



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/LiF4AXLjpI4
Kunsthistorisches Museum
#About Vienna’s Museum of Art History

The Vienna Museum of Art History (Kunsthistorisches), is a very large and rich museum, with a variety of impressive artworks and art collections. It is located in Maria Theresa Square, near the Hofburg Palace. Even those who are not avid art lovers will benefit from the museum's collection of works of art, works from Europe and the Near East, from antiquity to the 18th century.

The museum has five main wings:

The Near East and Ancient Egypt Division - with 17,000 items ranging between 2,000 and 4,000 years old.

Greek and Roman antiquities department - containing about 2,500 antiquities and sculptures, from the third century BC to the early Middle Ages.

The coins department - collecting coins, medals and banknotes, is considered one of the five largest currency collections in the world.

The Artistic Tools Division

Art Paintings Division

In the museum corridors one can see the magnificent wall paintings by artists such as Gustav Klimt, Franz von Matsch and others. In the rooms you can see Flemish, German, Dutch and Italian works. On the ground floor you will see the exhibitions of exotic objects collected by the imperial family, members of the Habsburg dynasty. Among other things, you will see glass and crystal vessels, Roman, Greek and Egyptian works, and gifts given to the emperor’s family throughout history.

But the museum is not only a home for art, as it is a respectable architectural gem. The building of the museum, built in the 19th century, provides a more dignified setting for the wealth of works. It is built in the neo-Renaissance style, decorated with marble ornaments and a stucco of high quality plaster. Also note the striking dome of the building.

Enjoy!



#Tips

If you order tickets online, you can skip the long line during the museum’s opening.

With this abundance, it's worth focusing on what you love. Decide in advance what works and artists interest you want to see, and ask the information station in front entrance on the right, to mark on your map where those artworks and artists are located.

If you are interested in depth, in order to be able to go through all the exhibits in the museum it is advisable to visit it for longer than one day.



A Closer Look:
https://youtu.be/CGam0jsb_fQ



A 360-Degree View of the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z_thn4ui5DY
Judenplatz
#About the Jewish Square in Vienna

You are located in the Jewish Square (Judenplatz). Back in the Middle Ages this square was a central place for the Jews of Vienna. Between the 13th and 15th centuries this was the heart of the Jewish ghetto. Its importance in the past, by the way, is also the reason why today it is a symbol of Jewish heritage, and will remain so for the future. It contains important milestones in the history of the Jews of Vienna: a synagogue, the Jewish Museum and the Holocaust Memorial.

The official synagogue of the Jewish community in Vienna is magnificent and impressive. Lectures and discussions on culture and Judaism are held in the synagogue. It was opened in 1826 on a side street and was unnoticeable. The reason was that Emperor Joseph II prohibited the construction of non-Catholic houses of worship in central places. This, incidentally, was the reason why the synagogue survived the Kristallnacht of 1938. It was simply far from the center of the riots.

At the Jewish Museum, which opened in 2011, you can discover and learn how the Jews lived in Austria over the years, to see various collections of ancient sacred instruments, to learn about the interesting Jewish characters of that period and to get a glimpse of modern Judaism as well.

In the museum you will also find archeological findings from the Great Synagogue of the Middle Ages, which was burned in 1421. During the excavations for the building of the monument, remains of the synagogue that was burned in 1421 were discovered. These findings have provided rare testimony to the lives of the Jews in the Middle Ages.
In the museum you can also see historical sacred artifacts, 3D exhibits of the life of the ancient Jewish community and more. Each floor of the museum will present to you a different layer of different periods in the Jewish history of Vienna.

The memorial was erected here in memory of the 65,000 Jews of Vienna who were murdered in the Holocaust. The monument was built in 2001 and is in the shape of a white cube, with shelves filled with books. The shelves are a symbol of the spirituality of the Jewish people, with the book. Beside the monument is a caption in memory of Austrian Holocaust victims. The building was designed by the British artist Rachel Weiterid.

In the center of the square, by the way, you can also see the sculpture "Nathan the Wise," a statue of the German playwright Ephraim Lessing. Lessing called his play "Nathan the Wise" for tolerance towards the Jews. The original statue was destroyed by the Nazis and was redesigned in 1982.




While it's Raining:

https://youtu.be/UPyC18pteSM
Heldenplatz Square
#About the Square Where Hitler Declared the Anschluss

The Heldenplatz Square, near the Hofburg Palace, was already planned in the 19th century by the German architect Gottfried Sampeter. Upon completion, it immediately became the main square of the palace. In the square there are still quite a few inviting grasslands.

In the square there are two main statues built in 1860 and 1865, respectively, and both symbolize Austria's glorious past:

The statue of the Grand Duke Karl of Austria - the Austrian general who defeated Napoleon in the Battle of Aspern-Esling, and who was destined to glorify the lineage of the great Austrian military leaders.

The statue of Prince Eugene of Savoy - one of the most important generals in Europe of the early modern era and the one who’s end came at the defeat to the Turkish armies of the Ottoman Empire.

Throughout history, some of the most important events in history took place in the square. One of them was the official declaration of Adolf Hitler in 1938 on the union between Nazi Germany and Austria, the Anschluss. This agreement between a native of Austria who became a German dictator and his first homeland would soon lead to a few more Nazi provocations that would lead to World War II, and massive destruction, both in Germany and in Austria.
Hofburg
#About the Hofburg Palace

The palace of the Habsburg Emperors is located among huge palaces in the heart of the Old City. This palace was the center of power of the Habsburg Empire for centuries. The first part of the complex was a castle that stood here in the 13th century. Each of the Austrian kings added another layer to the site, in order to improve and make the complex more glamorous. Finally, the beautiful Royal Museum was created, in front of which you stand - each of which has a different style.

A glimpse of the imperial apartments is a bit like time traveling to the daily life of the palace of the rulers of the empire in previous centuries. Thus, by visiting the palace you can learn about the daily life of the aristocratic families. There are quite a few interesting attractions to visit - the impressive royal jewelry collection, the royal apartments where Emperor Franz Joseph and his wife Queen Elizabeth lived, including the imperial toilet of Emperor Franz Joseph, and the Cissi Museum - the museum showing Queen Elizabeth's personal items, the silverware of the palace.

The ancient parts of the palace are in the area surrounding the Swiss courtyard, which leads to the imperial treasury. Today the National Library is here, as well as the collection of instruments, a collection of weapons, the imperial luxury apartments, and the museum of the ancient Greek city of Ephesus. An ethnographic museum is here displaying items from the entire world, especially interesting is the crown of Montezuma of the Aztecs, and items brought by Captain Cook during his travels.

When the Habsburg dynasty grew, the Hofburg Palace was enlarged and a grand residential complex was erected. Each step in the extensions and each new building was built in the preferred style of construction. This is why the palace complex can be found in almost any architectural style, from the Gothic style to the Baroque style to the Art Nouveau of the early 20th century.

Read on your own about the Imperial Chapel, where the Vienna Boys Choir performs, every Sunday mass, and the Spanish Riding School, which dates back to the 16th century and sits in another ancient part of the palace.



#Tips

Parents; during weekends and holidays there are tours held in the palace for children ages 6-11, where they measure royal clothes and learn how the emperors of the pas lived.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/n-a0fFGz-oE?t=16s
Imperial Crypt
#About the Burial Place of the Austrian Emperors

You can not talk about the Imperial Crypt and who is buried in it, without first explaining what it is. Well, a crypt is a stone room or space, usually built under the floor of a church or a castle. It is used as a burial site and has coffins, sarcophagi or remains of saints.

What do we mean by the remains? According to the customs of the nobility, the internal organs of those buried here, who were of course the imperial dynasty, were scattered among the various churches in the area. In the crypt, only what remains of the body is buried in the ornate sarcophagi.

The Imperial Crypt is the place where the emperors of the Austro-Hungarian Empire are buried. It is located in the Capuchin Church. The first burial here was that of Anna, who was buried with her husband and cousin in 1633. She opened an entire burial tradition here and since then eight more burial halls have been added, altogether, nine halls. The last burial was in 2011, in which Otto von Habsburg, the son of the last emperor of the dynasty, was buried.

Altogether, there are 12 emperors, 19 empires and 149 princes and princesses of the imperial dynasty of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ab8veZyxZSY
Haus des Meeres
#About Vienna’s Water World

In this vast aquarium with 5 spectacular floors, you can meet with children 3,500 animals - sharks, crocodiles, snakes, lizards and a vast variety of fish. Although there are also few terrestrial animals (a tropical house, a reptile house and an ants house), the emphasis here is definitely on marine animals. In the nine houses there, you will be amazed at how many types of marine life there are and how diverse it is.

In the tropical house, for example, you can walk on bridges in the heart of rainforests and pass over swamps where water trees grow. Here you will see a variety of animals such as turtles, crabs, monkeys and birds, and of course huge and colorful coral reefs, sea lilies and colorful fish. In another house, with its glass floor, you can watch the swamp and crocodiles. In a different house you will see snakes, lizards and ants of different sizes.

Beyond the exhibition, the site is also a research house whose goal is to help preserve the marine species and to reduce the extinction of species in nature. In order to achieve this goal it is in contact with other zoos around the world.

At the end of the tour around the museum, it is worth going up to the roof of the building and watching the amazing panoramic view of the entire city. Enjoy!


Donaupark
#About the Green Park in the Heart of Vienna

Despite the high value of Vienna as a historic and cultural city, with spectacular architecture and an enriching atmosphere, sometimes it feels a bit lacking in nature. "Donna Park," as Donaupark is often called, is one of the few natural pearls Vienna has to offer travelers and is also one of the city's main attractions.

You can see the Donaupark, "a green island in the city", a very large park that is adjacent to the river and actually occupies the northern bank of the Danube river in Vienna. That's why it’s nicknamed "Danube Park."

Anyone who sails through the Danube River can see a green area, miles and miles of trees and grass, among them the "Tower of Donna." This is Vienna's TV Tower, one of the city's most beautiful observation points.

The park, located in the 12th quarter, the new area of ​​Vienna, can be reached easily and it is highly recommended to catch some peace there and spend a few hours of sunshine and nature.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/L8uTMF04LgU
Danube Tower
#About the Danube Tower of Vienna

Vienna's TV Tower (Donauturm), known by its other names, such as the Donau Tower or the Danube Tower, is particularly prominent in the Vienna skyline. This is because it is the tallest tower in the city and the first skyscraper built there.

The tower rises to a height of 352 meters and its interesting shape attracts attention almost immediately. By the way, it was added to the list of the 100 tallest buildings in the world - at the time when it was built it was in 75th place.

The Donau Tower is located in the 12th quarter, in the heart of a wide green park, which extends north of the Danube River and hence the nickname Danube Tower. It was opened to the public in 1964, after more than a year and a half of construction. Almost immediately it became a tourist attraction and a favorite place of entertainment for the hundreds of thousands of tourists and locals who come to it every year. Today it serves as a television tower with radio and television antennas.

Due to the high height of the tower, the observation point from its head is spectacular and it is worthwhile to reach it. If you decide to eat a meal at one of the two restaurants located on it, one 160 meters high and revolving, the second at the height of 170 meters, you can look at different parts of the city.

If you are an extreme fan - bungee is more than allowed at this tower. In 2000, this bungee area was declared the highest in the world. The tower has large, fast elevators that will bring you quickly to each of the observation points, restaurants or attractions on it. Enjoy!



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V9HPC-uTkko
Capuchin Church
#About the Capuchin Church

The Capuchin Church, or St. Mary's Church of the Angels, is a modest church located in the southwestern corner of Neuer Markt and near the Hofburg Palace. The very modest facade of this church does not betray the fact that it is the "Pantheon" of the Habsburgs. It is associated with the Order of the Capuchins, a Catholic Order of Franciscan Order.

The Capuchin Church was built following an investment by the first Empress, who was also buried there. It was Anna, wife of the holy Roman Emperor Matthias Habsburg. Following her burial, the burial tradition of the dynasty began. Beyond that, the Order of the Capuchins attracted royalty and nobility from all over the world. So in the underground hall, in this Imperial Crypt, 145 emperors and members of their Habsburg family are buried, who have been buried here since 1633.

It all began with a chilling practice that was practiced here between the years 1654-1878. During this period, parts were taken from the corpse and buried in different places, and not in one place. For example, the hearts of anyone buried here, were buried in the Church of the Augustinian monks, while their internal organs were buried in St. Stephen's Cathedral.

Look at the coffins. Pay special attention to the decoration of the coffins of the two emperors Maria Theresa and the Emperor Franz I, who were particularly rich. In contrast, the grave of their son, Joseph II, is modest and simple.

The name of the Church, by the way, is an important place in our daily lives to this day. In the style of the Capuchin monks, the hoodies worn today are made. From the color of their brown robe, the cappuccino was given its name.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f6fjxnTLybk
Cafe Sacher
#About the Coffee that Invented a Cake

The story behind Cafe Sacher is particularly interesting. It takes place in 1832, when the Austrian Prince Wenzel von Metternich asks his personal chef to invent a special dessert for very important guests who are supposed to arrive. The chef was not feeling well and had to leave for the day. He gave the task to one of his young sous-chefs, a sixteen-year-old boy, Franz Sacher. The young man was not taken aback, and thought openly and creatively. It was the moment when one of the most famous desserts in history, the Sacher Tart, was born.

So what is the Sacher Tart? - Three layers of chocolate sponge cake, between which is apricot jam, coated with velvety chocolate topped with tempting whipped cream.

After 44 years, Sacher's son decided to open Hotel Sacher, which soon became a favorite among the nobility. The cake immediately became part of the cafe's menu and is still served there.

During the years of the famous dessert, Sacher's grandson decided to sell the exclusive recipe of the tart to the prestigious Viennese coffee shop, Demel. This is why even today you can hear the argument over where the original Sacher Tart was sold. In Demal, the location of the used jam is different, it comes under the glaze and not between the layers of sponge. The dispute reached the courtroom, where it was decided that only Cafe Sacher could call the cake, "original Sacher Tart."

Of course you can also find cream cakes, strudels and a variety of other excellent desserts in this cafe, but the statistics prove that the best-selling cake is ... well, you already guessed, Sacher Tart!



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/aPCbarHsP2I



And the Amazing Display of Cakes at the Cafe:

https://youtu.be/nqJsRlLUCH8?t=1m36s
Cafe Central
Burgtheater
Austrian Parliament Building
Albertina
Austrian Academy of Sciences


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
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