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Vyšehrad Fortress
#About the Fortress, a Symbol of Czech Nationalism

On a hill above the eastern bank of the Vlatava River, sits the fortress of Vyšehrad, the "Upper-Fortress," or "citadel of the saints." This is the second fortress of Prague, which is unfairly less known than the more famous Prague Castle.

According to the legend, the Holy Princess Libushe was ordered to construct the fortress, after seeing a vision of a huge city that would be established one day on the hill of Vyšehrad.

This fortress was built in the 11th century, only 70 years after the fortress of Prague was erected. King Vratslav II, a Prince of Bohemia who belonged to the Przemysl dynasty, built it in 1085 and turned it into the new fortress of Prague. Only forty years later his successor left the fortress of Vyšehrad and returned to Prague Castle.

Since then, the complex has been a symbol of Czech nationalism. Over the centuries, many buildings were built there, many of which were destroyed in wars. During the 17th century, the Vyšehrad Fortress was renovated, after the Austrian Habsburgs took control of the Czech lands following the Thirty Years War. Later, it served as a training center for the Austro-Hungarian army. It was not until 1883 that the hill became an official part of Prague. This is even though it was the most settled part of the city.

Today, the complex is a park full of trees and beautiful green gardens. In the fortress itself you can find several walls, fortifications and churches, the St. Pauls and St. Peters Churches, and the St. Martin's Rotunda, which is a Romanesque and cylindrical structure. On the hill there is also the cemetery of the nation's greats, where many of the most important Czechs are buried.

#About the Story of the Pillar Broken by Satan

If you walk on the hill, behind the churches of St. Peter and St. Paul, you will see a Roman pillar divided into three parts. The local legend tells of Satan, who spoke with the father of the young priest who was delivering a sermon at the time.

After the devil bragged to the father that he could win the young priest's soul, if he wanted to, the father offered the devil a bet, of which he advised St. Peter himself-if the devil could bring the Roman pillar from the Church of Saint Peter before his son finished the sermon, the devil could take the soul of the son, the young priest carrying the sermon in the church. The devil went to fetch the heavy pillar and, after discovering that he was late to arrive, and the priest finished the sermon, the devil in anger broke the pillar on the floor. On the wall inside the church, by the way, a large mural is drawn, showing the devil figure from the legend of the broken pillar.

A Closer Look at the Vishrad Fortress:


A View from Above:

Vyehradsk Hbitov
Vyšehrad Cemetery
#About the Cemetery of the Great Czechs

Near the Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul, on the eastern bank of Prague, lies the Vyšehrad Cemetery (Vyšehradský Hbititov), which for many years has been the cemetery of the nation's greats, where many of the Czechs are buried.

Among the people buried here are famous Czech artists, musicians, writers and leaders. In particular, the graves of writer Karl Shafek, the composers Dvořák and Smetana, and the pioneer of the Art Nouveau style, the Czech artist Mucha, are buried here.

A Closer Look at the Vyšehrad Cemetery:


A Long Walk Along the Grounds:

Leopoldova Brna
Vyšehrad Leopold Gate
#About Vyšehrad's Decorated Gate

The Vyšehrad Leopold Gate, the entrance gate to the Vyšehrad Fortress in Prague, is the most beautiful Baroque gate in the city.

The gate, built between 1653-1672, was designed as the castle gate. The planner was the famous Italian architect Carlo Lurago. Apart from the central passageway, it includes two small pedestrian crossings designed for pedestrians.

The gate is decorated with columns and a shield designed by Giovanni Battista Allio. You can still see the double-wheeled holes that dominated the castle bridge.

This gate, incidentally, was never completed, at least from a tactic point of view. In order to reach the firing position in his head, the soldiers were forced to climb a ladder placed on a mobile platform, which was brought on wheels.

#Legend of the Spirit of the French Officer

Leopold's Gate, like all of Vyšehrad, is also filled with by fairy tales. The most frightening legend was born many years ago. It began when soldiers guarding the entrance to the castle here claimed to have seen the ghost of a soldier wandering around at night. Hence the legend of the spirit of a French officer, appearing here on the nights of a full moon began.

The belief was that this was the spirit of a French major who had been killed here at a time when Vyšehrad had been occupied by the French army. The spirit, according to legend, seeks revenge for the tragic death of the officer. The prevailing belief is that there was a case in which the spirit of the Major tried to strangle the sentries here and that the bullets they shot at him just passed through his body.

Today people dismiss the story with scornful words or make a horror film about it, but once, a long time ago, they took stories like that seriously. This threatening story led to the fact that for many years the soldiers guarding here were appalled by the horrors of the French officer's spirit. They were vigilant, and perhaps as we see now, that all this legend was was an invention of commanders who wanted the sentries to be vigilant ...

The Entrance from the Leopold Gate in Vyšehrad:

Rotunda of Saint Martin
#About Vyšehrad's Round Church

The Rotunda of the Holy Cross is a cylindrical, circular church located in the Vyšehrad Fortress in Prague. The one here is actually called Rotunda of Saint Martin and was built in the 11th century. This is one of the city's original Romanesque rotundas.

The word rotunda comes from Italian, and in general describes a structure, or part of an architectural structure, built in the form of a cylinder. The characteristic of the rotunda structures is symmetry in all directions and planning around the center, where rotunda buildings usually have a dome or cone roof.

The Rotunda in Vyšehrad was built in the 11th century, in the Romanesque style, and is considered one of the pearls of the eastern bank of the Vltava.

A Closer Look:


Another Look:



Bazilika Svatho Petra a Pavla
Saint Peter and Paul Basilica
#About the Vyšehrad Gothic Basilica

The Saint Peter and Paul Basilica (Bazilika Svatého Petra a Pavla) is an impressive basilica, in the style of the Gothic Revival, located inside the Vyšehrad Fortress in Prague. Its two towers are central to the horizon of the high citadel and are well visible from the city center on the other side of the river.

The church is named after the saints Peter and Paul. It was built during the 19th century, but was severely damaged by a fire. At the beginning of the 20th century it was rebuilt.

The two matching towers of this basilica are its prominent symbols from the outside. As you enter it and you can see the impressive mosaic above the main entrance.

Do not miss the church's unique and beautiful stained glass windows.

If you go out behind the holy church of Saint Peter and Paul, you can see the Vyšehrad Cemetery, where many of the greatest Czechs have been buried in recent generations.

A 360-Degree View of the Church at the Vyšehrad Fortress:


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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