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Placa Catalunya
Catalonia Square
#About the Square

One of the most familiar and central squares in Barcelona is the Catalonia Square. If you are walking around the city, you will probably walk through here several times.

Truth is, the history of the square is long and significant. After the 19th century, the city walls were completely destroyed, different city planners from around the world came and offered different ideas for the public lands of the city. The square itself was planned in 1859 but was only actually constructed in 1888, the same year as the World Expo was held in Barcelona. The first time the square was open for visitors was 1902.

Throughout the years the square was used as a place for rulers and leaders for public protests. Towards the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929, changes were made in the square - buildings and the underground train.

The size of the square is 50,000 square meters, and around you will find stores, restaurants, hotels, and other huge buildings. In the square many pigeons gather daily. It is interesting to see the statues placed here, like the statue of the "The Shepherd with the Flute," by Pablo Gargallo, and 'La Diosa' (The Goddess) by Josep Clarà.


#Tips for Winter

Skating on ice in the winter - usually between the months of November to January, this square becomes an ice skating rink. The price is not high and includes the skates.

Want to shop? - In the square is one of the chains of El Corte Inglés that can help you find all. If it's winter, from the 7th of January until the end of March there are wonderful sales.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Toa7_Xrqh6Y
Museu Egipci de Barcelona
Egyptian Museum of Barcelona
#About the Museum of Egyptian Art of Barcelona

In the Egyptian Museum of Barcelona you can see the leading collections in Europe for Egyptian art, and findings brought over from ancient Egypt. The Egyptian Museum is located near the city center, and you can learn a lot here about Egyptian culture. The size of the museum is about 2,000 square meters, and you can tour around the halls and the reading halls where there are over 10,000 documents.

The museum is divided into 10 main sections from the Egyptian culture, and in the exhibits, you will be able to see no less than 10,000 items. Among the items are sarcophagi, mummies, jewelry, and charms, each one with its own history of a pharaoh. The permanent and temporary exhibits are suitable for kids and teenagers, and so this is a great place for the whole family.

The museum has classic tours, or more colorful tours, like night tours with customed-guides, a tour that gives a peek into the Egyptian kitchen, including tasting dietary food from ancient Egypt, and more.


A Closer Look at the Egyptian Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VeQfT9wfnqw
Museu del Disseny de Barcelona
Design Museum of Barcelona
#About the Museum

The Design Museum of Barcelona operates for the good of the design world as a museum and lab. In the wonderful museum there is a focus on 4 departments: interior design, product design, information design, and fashion. The museum was built by Arquitectes MBM, and you can find collections that combine exhibits from different museums: Museum of Decorative Arts, Museum for Ceramics, Textile and Clothing Museum, and the Museum of Graphic Arts.

The history of Barcelona has always been tied to design, and there were a few museums where one could learn about the world of design. In 2000 it was decided to combine all the museums and build one center, that will enable the public to study and understand design in a much deeper experience. The building of the museum began in 2009. In 2013 construction was completed, and the museum was opened to visitors in 2014. All the collections having to do with the world of design were brought here and the museum was built in the building in Plaça de les Glòries Square.

The new building succeeds in creating ideal conditions for preserving, renovating and showing exhibits. The building is made of two parts - a basement level and a level at the height of 14.5 meters above ground.

Notice the special design and the angles of the building, especially from the outside. In building the exterior, two main elements were used: stone, and glass. The museum is a meeting point for people from the design industry. Its main purpose is to encourage research and financial activities having to do with design.


A Closer Look at the Museum:


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Szj9eIp0dbM
Gran Teatre del Liceu
Gran Teatre del Liceu
#About Barcelona's Central Theater

Gran Teatre del Liceu, the large theater in Barcelona, is known mostly for the impressive operas that are performed here. It is located across from the Mercado de La Boqueria, and is considered one of the largest and leading theaters in Europe.

The theater opened in 1847 with private funding and its main purpose was to promote musical education. It soon gained an international reputation and became one of the most important opera houses in Spain. But the building was not always as impressive and beautiful as it is today. In two fires in the building, the ongoing activity was halted and years of renovation and reconstruction were required in order to restore it to its activity.

The first fire took place in 1861. The fire caused damage, but was not severe. After a year, the theater opened again to visitors. In 1993, about a year after the Olympic Games in Barcelona, ​​following an electric short circuit, a fire broke out and destroyed the place. The renovators used old photographs and sketches and tried to preserve the original appearance of the theater. The damage was so severe that it took six whole years to renovate and restore the hall and stage. In 1999, after all that has happened, the theater reopened to the public.

The theater has over 2,200 seats. Here, you can listen to different operas by Vardi, Donizetti, Bizet, and Mozart, sung by the best singers in the world. Every day at 10:00 am a guided tour begins of the theater, that lasts for about half an hour.


#About the Class Characterizations at the Theater

In the past, there was a clear separation between the different classes. The main entrance to the theater, the one located on La Rambla Avenue, was for the upper class and nobility. They paid an extraordinary amount of money, and the main entrance led them straight to their comfortable viewing boxes. These boxes had the best view of the stage, and visitors enjoyed the great view with fantastic acoustics.

The lower class, those who could not pay the viewing box prices, entered the theater from a side street called San Pau, and sat in the upper galleries. Viewing the stage from this angle was not so great, and the acoustics in the upper galleries was not as great either.

Today, all the visitors enter from the main entrance on La Rambla Avenue, thought the ticket price differences still exist, and is pretty large.



#What is the Theater's Hall of Mirrors?

From the atrium, you can see wide steps leading to the Hall of Mirrors, whose walls are covered with large mirrors. This is also where visitors used to gather during intermissions. However, as you can imagine, these were only members of the upper class, nobility, and dignitaries.

Take a look at the ceiling frescoes, where you can see the god Apollo sitting on a train, surrounded by nine muses. On the walls of the hall there are quotes and sentences that idealize music, and also many golden decorations.

In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, the whiplash of an explosion from a bomb that fell near the theater, caused the collapse of the ceiling and huge damage to the theater. The ceiling was recreated, of course, and the theater was renovated a few years later.

Winter in Barcelona

Mercat de la Concepci
Mercat de la Concepció
#About the Covered and Pleasant Market on Avinguda Diagonal

The food and flower market that is located in west Avinguda Diagonal is a culinary attraction. The market was opened in 1888, and it was built in a building that is 40 by 100 meters big. If you are on a romantic trip like a honeymoon, then the next door flower market is a great place to buy flowers at all hours of the day, and of any variety or color.

Throughout the years the market was renovated, and today different food stalls can be found, as well as household electronics, and flower stands. You can also find fruits, vegetables, flowers, and more.

The vendors at the market are nice and gracious, and the service is excellent. You can reach here to find a nice present, or to get some high-quality wine and cheese.

A Closer Look at the Market:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ldBRP91jFko
Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona
Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art
#About Barcelona's Contemporary Museum

The Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art is the modern part of the Art Museum of Barcelona. Art enthusiasts looking for more than classical pieces will find a wide variety here. There are three floors where different exhibits are presents by different modern artists, who have created the contemporary works from the second half of the 20th century. In the museum are also exhibits which are more long term, by artists from all over the world, and also ones by Catalan and Spanish artists.

The museum was opened in 1995, and its unique architecture comes to life already at the entrance. The structure is combined with circular and very straight lines in the design, a glass ceiling that enables visitors on the lower floors to see the shows of the visitors on the top floor, as well as moving walls and escalators - all this creates a fascinating building, curious and surprising.


At the entrance to the museum, you can watch people taking advantage of the large space out front for rollerblading and skateboarding. This area is nicknamed "White Elephant," and you can enjoy taking a rest out here and seeing acrobats and jugglers performing their acts.

Enjoy!



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/sDHHMDT1ZC0?t=1m8s
Centre de Cultura Contempornia
Centre de Cultura Contemporània
#About the Center of Musical and Dance Events

The Centre de Cultura Contemporània is located right next to the Museum of Contemporary Art. The center is used to house music and dance events. Courses take place here, as well as exhibits, discussions, lectures, and more.

The center is located inside a building that was built as a monastery in the 13th century, and was used as a "Charity House." Throughout the years, the facade of the building was preserved, however, the inside became in 1994 a cultural center. In the current building you can see part of the original interior - three wings that together make three sides of a rectangle, around a large courtyard, called the "Women's Courtyard." As can be assumed, the building's courtyard was originally meant for women only.

Pay special attention to the northern wing in the inner court, built by a pair of Spanish architects, Villaplana and Piñón. They built a wall covered in mirrors, at the height of 30 meters. You can see the changing light off the mirrors and the city up to the sea.

In the center are different changing exhibits, having to do with special urban topics. There are the alternative film festival, festival for electronic music, courses and seminars about different topics - from art, politics, dance, cinema, and more.
Barcelona Pavilion
Barcelona Pavilion
#About the Pavilion that Was a Modernist Architectural Breakthrough

The German pavilion that was established for the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929 is considered a breakthrough in the history of Modernist architecture. It was designed by the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who is considered one of the founding fathers of the Modernism style in architecture, with the international founders. He is one of the most influential architects of the 20th century.

The purpose of the building was for the display at the Expo, and so the design was purposefully simplified. The real breakthrough came through its use of space, the use of building materials and minimalist design. With that, the Barcelona Pavilion was built using expensive materials, like marble and Trenton stone,

The German pavilion stands on a wide and flat podium. It has a roof that is supported by 8 thin metal columns. Near the pavilion is a pool, and inside the architect actualized the idea of flowing space, with walls that do not connect to one another, or glass walls.

Especially for this pavilion, the architect designed one of the most known chairs in the world of design, a chair that was given the name, "Barcelona Chair." These chairs were used by the Royal Spanish couple, and today this chair is still very successful and considered an icon worldwide. Today it is also sold by the thousands each year.

With the end of the Expo, the pavilion was taken apart, and its pieces were sent on a train to Germany. However, during transportation, many of the pieces were lost. For its great importance, the pavilion was reconstructed, using the exact same materials. For this purpose, the reconstructors collected and analyzed hundreds of photos of the old pavilion, and it was completely reconstructed, apart from the Classical columns that stood at the entrance. From 1986 visitors could come and see the reconstructed pavilion, that was opened for the general public.



#What is the Story with the Barcelona Chair?

The Barcelona Chair is a chair known especially, that was designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich for the German Pavilion, during the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929. The industrial-Modernist style of the chair has had a big impact on Modernist furniture design. Usually, the chair has a matching footstool.

Ludwig Mies was educated and especially broad-minded. So he took inspiration, for the planning of the chair, from folding chairs from the ancient Roman period. The result is known: the chair became a real icon, and it is among the most celebrated and loved Modernist furnitures, until today.




A Closer Look at the Pavilion:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPDcNUBQwBw&t=110s


Camp Nou
Camp Nou
#About the Barca Stadium

Ladies and Gentlemen - you have reached the temple of European soccer. This is the home stadium of the Barcelona team. There is no Barca without Camp Nou. You can learn about the history of one of the most hailed soccer teams in the world.

The soccer stadium of the Barcelona team is Camp Nou, the "new field." There are 100,000 seats, and the entire place is about 55,000 square meters, making it the largest stadium in Europe, and one of the largest in the world.

In 1954, the first ceremony in Camp Nou took place. Then a crowd of about 60,000 came, and since then the crowds have only grown. For the premier game in the stadium, there was a crowd of 90,000 visitors, and the number of seats has only been growing since. The number of seats today reach 99,354.



#A Tour in the Barca Museum

In the stadium there is also the official museum for the Barcelona Soccer Club, known as Barca. If you book a tour in Camp Nou you can see the club museum with many souvenirs and historical items, a trophy room, multimedia room, dressing room, entrance tunnel, entrance to the stands, and the famous way to the field, as well as a souvenir shop at the entrance.

Beyond the soccer events here, there are also many cultural events, like performances by artists and concerts by talented musicians.

During a tour of the stadium you can also visit the Sports Museum. This is a new museum, modern and with a system of interactive speakers and light. There are two places where nostalgic items for the club are placed. On the first floor, you will mainly sculptures and items from different fields, and on the second-floor, writings and photos of the Barca players throughout the years.



#New Design

In 2007 the Club opened an international competition to design the stadium from scratch, to fit the new needs of the club. Over 80 architects applied with ideas for the new stadium, and finally, the design of Norman Foster and his company won, who designed Wembley Stadium. For the reconstruction about 250 million euro were put aside, with two important conditions: 1. respect the original building. 2. end the renovations in the shortest time possible and to continue to hold games during the works. Eventually, the plan was never executed for the lack of ability of the team to pay for the renovations.

7 years later, in 2014, it was decided to renovate the stadium anyways, and a plan was made to expand the seating places of the stadium to 105,000, covering the exits, adding VIP booths, and redoing the exterior of the stadium. The work is due to be finished around 2021.




A Closer Look at Camp Nou:

https://youtu.be/huOQ_IHXcy8
Gothic Quarter
#About the Historic and Most Beautiful Quarter of Barcelona

The Gothic Quarter (Barri Gotic), which is one of the most beautiful and pleasant centers in the old city of Barcelona, ​​began around the 14th and 15th centuries. Since it was built on a town called Brasino, when you walk around the quarter you will encounter its historical ruins. This town, which provided Barcelona with its name, actually symbolized the beginning of Barcelona. Take a look in the quarter for the remains from the Roman wall that stood here at the time.

In the years that followed, until the expulsion from Spain, the quarter became the center of life for Jews who were statesmen, doctors and scientists. It is highly recommended to explore the area where the kall was located - the ancient Jewish Quarter. Other remains from the Jewish period can be seen in the "Major" synagogue. The Gothic Quarter attracts not only lovers of architecture, but also lovers of art, because there are many statues, special signs and beautiful mosaics.

In this quarter you will find narrow, dark alleyways paved with stone. There are quite a few Gothic buildings, palaces and churches. The character of the quarter is influenced by various artists and artists who have painted its landscapes and streets over the years, including famous names such as Picasso and Juan Miro. The old squares, markets, clothing stores and art galleries, combined with street artists, musicians and clowns, provide a picturesque atmosphere that makes it a must-see destination in Barcelona.

The district has several places worth visiting. Among them we recommend entering the Gothic Cathedral and its special courtyard, the Church of Santa Maria del Mar, the Picasso Museum, the University of Barcelona and the Ancient Synagogue. Enjoy!


#Shopping in the District

The Gothic Quarter is one of the best shopping areas of Barcelona. Alongside the chain stores, there are also quite a few designer stores.

At Saint James's Square (Plaça Sant Jaume) in the center of the quarter, opposite the Cathedral of St. Eulalia, you will find Barcelona's urban market. On weekends, from noon, the Sardana, the famous Catalan dance, is danced there.


A Closer Look at the Quarter:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MT8Ea7pE5WM
Barcelona Aquarium
#About the Aquarium

The Barcelona Aquarium (L'Aquàrium de Barcelona) is a must-see for fish lovers. The aquarium is located in the port area of ​​the city, at the end of the Ramblas Boulevard.

There are 35 water tanks in the aquarium, in which more than 11,000 animals can be seen from 450 different species. They were brought from all over the ocean.

The aquarium opened in 1995 and is still considered one of the city's leading sites. Every year, hundreds of thousands of tourists visit it, and over 14 million people have already visited.

One of the most interesting attractions in the aquarium is its underwater tunnel, which is 80 meters long. It passes under the sea and through its walls you can watch the water animals, living in their natural environment. And by the way, do not worry, you do not have to hold the whole 80 meters without resting - along the tunnel there are places to sit and you can just rest and watch the fish around you. No less than magic!

It's worth checking out at the beginning what hours shark feeding takes place. This is a rare opportunity to watch these carnivores in action.

The aquarium has quite a few activities for children, such as diving with sharks, diving in a transparent cage and more.


#Tips

A moment of shopping? - At the exit of the aquarium you will meet one of the city's most luxurious shopping and entertainment centers - the Maremagnum. Instead of many great stores and also experiences like IMAX cinema and even a casino. In the winter, from January until the end of March, there are surpluses at significant discounts.


A Closer Look at the Aquarium:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A7nb0v_6fvA
Cathedral of Barcelona
#About the Impressive Gothic Cathedral of Barcelona

The Cathedral of Barcelona, Cathedral of Saint Eulalia, is a large and impressive building, whose turrets are tall and decorated with decorations fitting the Gothic style of the 13th and 14th centuries. Around the cathedral is a protective thick and tall wall.

In the cathedral sits the Archbishop of the city. An Archbishop is an administrative title in Christianity, given to a bishop that stands at the head of provincial churches of a certain area. It was the third cathedral to be built in this place. Before it, two other ancient churches stood here, and before that the area was a pagan cult dedicated entirely to the Roman gods.

Today, many believers of all ages come to the cathedral. They drift to its size and power. The Catalan people and the religious residents of Barcelona, are still conducting religious ceremonies to this day.

On Sunday afternoons, you can come here and see the locals dancing the Sardana in the square before the cathedral - the traditional Catalonian dance. After visitors light a candle in the cathedral, they pray and take part in mass, then they will organize in big circles and dance the favorite dance.


#Architecture of the Cathedral

The cathedral is built in the Gothic style, a style that erupted around Europe in the Middle Ages. The prominent characteristics of the Gothic building are without a doubt the height of the cathedral, the sharp arches, the rounded twists and large windows. Inside the gloomy cathedral the vast wealth invested in the building can be felt. The columns inside reach 26 meters.

The cathedral is built of 28 chapels. The natural light floods the face of the cathedral

Under the cathedral floor are buried people, they can be identified according to symbols engraved on the floors. Notice the drawings of the baking plate with two rolls - the family symbol of a family of bakers buried here. In places where you will see the symbol of skulls, are likely buried here bodies of people who died from the plague that hit the city in 1348.

Even though it is ancient and has stood here for many years, the neo-Gothic exterior of the Cathedral was only created in the 19th century. During the first decade of the 21st century, it also went through another round of renovations. The scaffolding that accompanied the renovation, many steel pipes that helped support the building during the renovation, were removed only in 2012.



#Who Was Eulalia from Barcelona?

You were probably wondering about the meaning of the cathedral. The cathedral is dedicated to a saint that protects the city - the Eulalia from Barcelona. She lived during the Roman period, until she fell into Roman hands in 476. At the age of 13, Eulalia was an avid Christian believer. Even though the Emperor gave specific orders to leave the Christian faith in the Roman Empire, Eulalia refused, and she was given the death sentence. Roman soldiers stripped the girl naked and let her stand in the city square.

The Christian belief says that at this point snow started falling, and it covered the naked saint. The Roman soldiers were furious with anger and put her inside a barrel, that had knives sticking inside. They rolled the barrel down the street, hung her up on a cross, and finally, cut off her head. After her head was cut off, the terrible legend says, a dove flew from her neck to the sky.

In 1339 the body of Eulalia was moved to a gravesite inside the cathedral, in the ancient district of Barcelona. Eulalia, a young Christian lady, is remembered in the Barcelona streets, with statues of her around the city. Each year, on February 12, it is traditional to celebrate Eulalia's holiday.



#Entertainment

Come here on Sundays to see the Catalonians dancing the Sardana at the square in front of the cathedral. Starting at 12:00 pm on Saturdays and Sundays.



#Tips

The Christmas Market - each year it is set up in front of the cathedral, before Christmas, and visitors can experience the traditional Christmas, with hundreds of stalls, and a peek into the Christmas atmosphere.


Catalonians Dancing the Sardana Outside the Church:

https://youtu.be/slnGYnt4sXY
Joan Miró Foundation
#About the Museum Dedicated to the Works of the City-Born Painter

One of the most comprehensive museums showing Joan Mirò's work in Europe, in the last 20 years of his life, is right here in his hometown of Barcelona. Joan Miró (Fundaciò Mirò) was born in Barcelona in 1893. The Joan Miró Foundation is located inside an old church near the square, and the foundation began in 1979 and is named after him. Here visitors can come and learn about Mirò's life and works.

Although Mirò's works are scattered throughout Barcelona, ​​this museum was founded by the artist himself. His main goal was to present his works and encourage their dissemination, but he also planned to bring to the public's attention contemporary art in all its aspects.

The museum opened in 1975, on the summit of the Montjuïc Mountain, surrounded by gardens and sculptures. Montjuïc got its name in the Middle Ages, as a place where Jews buried their dead, because they were not allowed to bury them in the city, together with the Christians.

The building designed by architect Josep Lluís Sert, who was a friend of Mirò but also one of the leading architects in the field.

In the museum you can see 225 paintings and 150 sculptures by the artist from various periods in which he created. A review of Mirò's life is also reflected here, from his birth in Barcelona in 1893, to his death. A total of 14,000 works, most of them unfinished, are displayed on three full stories.

In the museum you will also see works by other artists from the 20th century. Please note that the entrance floor is dedicated to young artists.

Due to the excellent location of the museum on the mountain top, its balcony is a spectacular view of the city and you can see other sculptures by the artist.


#About Joan Miró

Joan Miró is considered one of the most original and interesting artists of the 20th century. He was born in 1893 in Barcelona. At the age of 27, after failing the business studies to which his father pushed him, he went to Paris to study art. He returned to Barcelona in 1940, during the Civil War. Miró was influenced by his works from various artistic trends - Cubism, the Pobizim and the Surrealist movement.

His works, which are sometimes childish, do not fit his serious appearance and the nature of his hard work. His paintings and sculptures are well known, especially for their strong colors and geometrical shapes. In his work Mirò used various materials, including watercolor, ink and pastel colors, but also materials such as sand and tar.


#About Surrealism

Mirò was very influenced by his work from the Surrealism. What is this stream?

The meaning of Surrealism in art is "above reality." It is a stream in which art combines irrationality and surprise. Surreal works combine images of an illogical dream, with a surprising resemblance. It was Andre Breton who founded the movement and adopted the name Surrealism, which was given by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire in 1917.

Look out into the external world outside the window of the artist, Surrealism seeks to change the direction of observation and look inside, into the human mind, and into the human soul. This stream uses dreams, imaginations, and the subconscious as a source of artistic inspiration.

The movement was born in response to the global shock that gripped the artists following World War I. This great war gave rise to a serious sense of failure of logic and order, which had prevailed until then. So, Surrealism began as a new stream of art, one that operates without logic, reason and order, but out of randomness, creativity and correction mental problems and difficulties of humans. Sigmund Freud's ideas about the unconscious also influenced Surrealism.


#Tips

Try not to miss the projected video on the lower floor, 15 minutes long and worth every minute.


A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vaayenk9meY
Basilica of Santa Maria del Mar
#About the Church

The Catholic church is dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It was built in the Gothic style during the Catalonian Golden Age. The Golden Age was a time when the city was prosperous thanks to trade, mainly sea trade. The decision to build the church was made in 1324, and in 1329 the first cornerstone was laid. The exterior of the church towards the Fossar de les Moreres Square. In 1379 a fire erupted in the church and hurt the construction efforts. This is the reason that construction was only complete in 1383.

In 1428 another unfortunate event happened: a big earthquake caused damage to the building and a few deaths to those who were praying inside. The earthquake destroyed the Rosetta window that was on the western wall of the church. Between the years 1459-1460 the window was replaced. On both sides of the western gate you will see statues of Peter and Paul.

Inside the Basilica are three wings, spacious and lit by big and high windows of the structure. In 1936 another fire erupted in the building, during the rebellion against the priests. Many art pieces in the church were destroyed and lost. Among them was the Baroque alter that was here.

The Basilica of Santa Maria del Mar plays an important and main role in the famous novel 'Cathedral of the Sea" written by Ildefonso Falcones.
Palau de la Música
#About the Luxury Concert Hall of the City

The luxurious concert hall in Barcelona is located at the heart of the city, near the old city. It was built to be used as a concert hall from the Catalonian Choir. The hall was built between 1905 - 1908. It was planned by architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner. The building has a special beauty, for it combines the Modernism style with the neo-Gothic style. Notice especially the glass dome of the building, made out of colorful stained glass.

In 1971 the building was declared a National Site by the Spanish Government, and in 1997 it was chosen by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
CaixaForum Barcelona
#About the Art Gallery

The Caixa Building is located in the Montjuïc area. This is a beautiful building, dedicated to temporary exhibits and is an art gallery. The building was built between 1908-1913. In 1918 it closed, and reopened in 1929 as a warehouse. Afterward, in 1940, the building was used by the National Police Force, until 1963 when it was bought by the bank La Caixa.

Starting from 2002, the place reopened as a museum. It was redone before opening and a new entrance was added, that was planned by the Japanese architect Arata Isozaki, who is considered today as one of the most prominent Japanese architects.

The center is used as a place for temporary exhibits, conventions, seminars, classes, and more. the museum contains almost 3,000 square meters of exhibit space, science library, auditorium, classes, and a restaurant. You can find here relevant information in different fields: photography, painting, sculpting, and more. Entrance into the museum is free, and anyone interested in art, in general, can find something interesting here.

The building was originally intended to be a textile factory. Already from the beginning of the building, it was an impressive building planned by the famous architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch. Its building was completed in 1911, and already that same year the building won an award in the city for the best industrial building built.


A Closer Look at the Gallery:

https://youtu.be/Cqgax5CC4ac?t=14s
Güell Palace
#About the Building

One of the pretty and impressive buildings by Gaudi in Barcelona is the Güell Palace (Palau Güell), the residential house of the Güell family. It is located in the La Rambla neighborhood, right near the Ramblas Avenue. There is a reason the rich industrial tycoon Eusebi Güell hired the services of the talented Gaudi. Güell was impressed by Gaudi's previous works and wanted some of the magic for himself. There is no doubt that this creation was important in turning Gaudi into an architectural icon. Thanks to the beauty, the Güell Palace was announced as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Except for summer days when the family was gone for vacations, the Güell family lived in this house from 1890 until 1936. In 1914 the father of the family moved to a village, that has since become the famous Güell Park.

Even though during this time the artist was inexperienced, Gaudi was given an endless budget to build the house. He himself built and designed all aspects of the building. Many motifs that characterize Gaudi come alive here: neo-Gothic symbols, animal symbols, and many (original) arches, and reminders of ancient Catalonians symbols. Here Gaudi also used his typical natural building elements, like marble and wood, that throughout his lifetime he developed in different pieces.

In the building, Gaudi also planned a special entrance for the family's carriages. The entrance was large enough for a carriage to even turn around and drop off guests. In the receiving room, there are peeking holes, where the house's residents can peek to see who came to visit them, without being seen. In the ceiling of the dining room, small windows were places to give the feeling of a sky full of stars. This was thanks to lanterns that were lit during the evening hours above the windows.



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.


La Sagrada Familia
#About the Church

Another of Gaudi's incredible creations is the La Sagrada Familia. This is one of the main attractions in Barcelona, and when it will be finalized, it will be without a doubt one of the most impressive churches in the world.

The church began being built in 1883. In 1926, with Gaudi's sudden death, construction halted. It was continued only in 1946, after many differences of opinions, that came from the fact that Gaudi left no plans for the rest of the construction.



#About the Building's Architecture

It is not surprising that the style of the church is in the Modernism style, that so strongly characterized Gaudi's style, and Barcelona's in general. Most of the decorative elements that you will see on the statues were sculpted by Gaudi himself.

The church is made of 12 tall turrets, 100 meters tall each, symbolizing the 12 Apostles. Today, you can see only 8 of the turrets, since the rest are still under construction. The turrets are divided into three facades symbolizing the birthing of Jesus, his death, and his resurrection. Another turret is futured to be built at the height of 170 meters, symbolizing Jesus himself. Around, 4 additional lower turrets will be added, symbolizing the four evangelists, disciples and messengers of Jesus. Another turret will be erected to symbolize the Virgin Mary.



#About the Building of the Church

The building of the La Sagrada Familia church, the living factory of Gaudi's life, began in 1883. At the beginning of the journey, Gaudi thought it would take only 10 years to construct the building, with the budget of 360,000 pesetas a year. However, because of wars that erupted in Spain and around the world, with the project being funded by donations only, the timeline did not stand. Gaudi, in the last years of his life, got closer to religion and spent most of his time at the construction site. As time passed, Gaudi began to feel that the construction of the building will not be completed before his death. Ironically, in 1926 Gaudi was run over by a light rail that passed outside the construction site, and his grave is located in in the church's crypt.

The church still does not have a completion date, and it is not sure when the construction will end. There is no doubt, however, that when the church is finalized it will be one of the largest and most impressive churches in the world.



#About the Building's Facades

The church to this day is still undergoing a process where parts are added all the time. Every part is planned and constructed carefully, after careful studying and researching of holy texts. The church was planned with three facades, all dedicated to the life of Jesus. So far, only two have been completed, the facade of the Passion and the front of the Nativity

According to the facade of the Passion, you can learn about the last days of Jesus. The facade of Nativity is faced towards the sunrise, with many statues and arches, and at the center a beautiful mosaic. Each one of the facades has 4 bell towers at the height of 100 meters, each dedicated to a different saint from the 12 Apostles. Another main tower, that has yet to be added to the building, will be at the height of 170 meters, and will be dedicated to the symbol of Jesus. Look at the facades, go up to the towers and visit Gaudi's grave. Enjoy!



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
CosmoCaixa Barcelona
#About the Spanish Science Museum

The Science Museum of Barcelona is named after the local bank, Caixa, for the bank's support in science and research in the museum. Children can especially enjoy their time here, because they are welcomed to learn about the stages from close up - with touch, feeling, poking and pushing.

The building is designed in a modern style, and is placed at a height that gives a view of the city. In the museum, there is a planetarium that deals with space and has temporary exhibits that are all high quality and include different topics, in fields of science and space.

The museum tour will start with a steep descent of five stories around a huge tree trunk. Under the tree roots, you enter the entrance hall, gloomy and mysterious, here you will find different models in different fields: physics, geology, the human body, and more. At the end of your visit, visitors will enter the "Flooded Forest"- an Amazonian rain forest, 1,000 square meters large, with 80 species of plants that were brought to the museum from around the globe, and more than 50 species of animals, that were brought straight from the real jungle.

Notice another interesting exhibit at the museum: a geological wall 65 meters long, including huge rock formations, showing the geological constructions for hundreds of thousands of years, influenced by years of water, wind, and volcanic stages.



#Tips

The entrance for children under the age of 16 enters for free.

On the first Sunday of every month entrance is free for adults, but try coming here early, since later it becomes crowded.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7WLkcX0G10
Mercado de La Boqueria
#About Barcelona's Amazing Food Market

This market is a name in all of Europe and one of the most pleasant and varied food markets in the world. One of the most colorful spots in Barcelona is the Mercado de La Boqueria. Foods, colors, spices, fruits, vegetables, drinks, shakes and sweets - all you can find here. The market is out of Rambla Avenue and has been here for centuries. The La Boqueria is covered and its ceiling is inspired. After a five-minute walk from the entrance to the market you can see the artwork of Joan Miró that is also there.

In the past, there was a monastery called St. Joseph. Back in the 12th century, the market began as a meeting place for butchers, who sold pigs near the monastery. Only in the 19th century did the place begin to receive its status as a market where Barcelona's farmers and fishermen concentrated. In those years, the monastery was also destroyed by a popular anarchist disturbance.

If we are used to thinking of a market as a crowded, noisy, not very clean and messy place, La Boqueria Market represents the opposite - a clean and orderly market that conducts a cooking seminar and a gastronomic school.

However, the magic of the regular market is kept here. The smell of food, the crowded stalls, the abundance of products and the bustle of merchants. Here you will find tempting fruit stalls offering ready dishes of cut and washed fruits, freshly squeezed fruit juices in colored glasses, candy stands, dried fruits, fish and seafood, coffee, chocolate, wines and more. You can also see here slightly less aesthetic stalls, some with heads and legs of a pig, hanging game meat, worms for cooking, insects for eating and more.

In the market La Boqueria there are places where you can sit and have lunch, with many flavors and a variety of kitchens and cooking styles. This market has won many awards and has already been picked more than once as the best food market around the world. What do you say? Should we go tasting?
Picasso Museum
#About the Museum Devoted to the Great Artist

The famous painter Pablo Picasso was born and raised in Malaga, but between 1895 and 1904 he lived in Barcelona, ​​and the truth was that these were the most prominent and important years when he created and studied art. Thanks to his connection and great love for the city, he decided to donate many of his works to the museum. After he died, Jacqueline, Picasso's widow, added many more works for the museum.

The museum was founded in 1963 and contains more than 3,500 works by Picasso from different periods. Most of them are from less known periods, especially from the time when he was a young artist at the beginning of his career and during his studies. Among the exhibits are paintings, illustrations, drawings, carvings, ceramics and more. The museum exhibit is built in chronological order, according to the cities where Picasso created his works.

Famous and recommended paintings for viewing in the museum are, for example, "The Whores of Chapel Street," "The Clown," "The Can-Can Dancers" and "Man in a Beret."

Beyond the permanent exhibition, there is also a changing exhibition that presents works by various artists, not necessarily Picasso.

During the museum's renovations, an amazing 13th-century painting depicting the conquest of Majorca was unveiled here and is now preserved in the Museum of Art of Catalonia. By the way, the popular Picasso Museum has the largest number of visitors per year and the ninth tourist site in the number of visitors to Spain as a whole.

To illustrate the enormous size of the museum, it is spread over five medieval aristocratic houses spread out around inviting and nice courtyards. In the courtyards you can see charming Gothic sculptures by sculptor Mark Spont.


#Who was Pablo Picasso?

His full name was "Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso​," this was the Spanish painter and sculptor Pablo Picasso, one of the most revolutionary artists in the history of art.

Picasso was a prodigy who became a fascinating and admired artist. He did not stop exploring his artistic possibilities, tried and formulated new laws and mainly made revolutions in his creative way. He had different periods in his work and in each period he painted in a different style from the others. Among the periods in his work: the Blue Period, the Rose, the sculptural Cubism, the analytic cubism, and more.

Pablo Picasso was a revolutionary artist, the founder of Cubism in modern art, and many who consider him the most important artist of modern 20th-century art. He is also the most prolific artist of the 20th century. Today, his paintings and sculptures are considered the most expensive in the world.


#Tips

Entrance is free - every Sunday from 3:00 pm, and on the first Sunday of the month.

In the free days, it's best to arrive early, because during the days and hours when the entrance is free, there are often no tickets left.

Due to the long lines for the museum, it is recommended to reserve a museum ticket in advance.

Discounts for students up to the age of 25 and pensioners over the age of 65 are entitled to a discount.


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
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נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.