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Fifth Ave. Presbyterian Church
Fifth Av. Presbyterian Church
#About the Church that Looks like a Theater

The church was opened to visitors in 1808, though not at the location you are now. The church was transferred here only in 1975, and this is also when it received its present name. The cost of the building totaled $350,000. The turret reaches the hight of 286 meters, and when the church opened it was the tallest building in Manhattan.

The entrance is made of wood, and it is known for its auditorium, with its circular shapes, resembling a theater.

One of the historic events that took place here, was the wedding of Theodore Roosevelt Jr., that took place in 1910. The jazz giant Duke Ellington performed here twice at concerts that took place in the church.
New York Public Library
New York Public Library
#About the Library

The New York Public Library is one of the leading libraries in the world. It is located on Fifth Avenue in New York City, and it has an impressive presence that makes it stand out in the avenue. The building was built in 1911 in the Renaissance style. At the entrance to the library you can see two statues of lions, who stand guard near the staircase. In the 1930's these statues received names - "Patience" and "Strength."

In 1886 Samuel Tilden donated $2.4 million for the establishment of the Public Library. Thanks to the donation, in 1895 a fund was established that converged two existing libraries in New York, the Astor and Lenox Libraries, into one library. This land was not always used for hosting the Public Library. In the past, it was a cemetery for the poor, and later - a water reservoir with a walkway above.

The library holds many art treasures and rare books. From time to time exhibitions open on the ground level, and display items belonging to the library.


#Tips

It is worth coming in to here to take a look, for free, because of the interesting architecture, and also for the books, and free exhibits.

Behind the library you will find Bryant Park, a green space where many cultural events take place, festivals, market stalls, and an ice skating arena in winter.



A Closer Look at the New York Library:

https://youtu.be/tkD9aNOn6v0
Broadway Street
Broadway Street
#About the Theater of New York

The street where you can see incredible shades of New York, is Broadway Street, the theater street of New York. This street is actually a long avenue that divides Manhattan into two. Broadway in English means a broad, or wide, street.

Most of the streets and avenues in Manhattan are built as cross-sections forming right-angled intersections, however Broadway Avenue goes in a diagonal way across the city, and is not parallel to any street. The reason is that Broadway was paved before the majority of the streets and avenues in Manhattan.

Today, Broadway is a second name to the theater industry. The theater district and Lincoln Center, located on the street, present a collection of shows, mostly musicals. The Broadway theaters represent the highest quality theater in the commercial English speaking world. In 2012, over a billion dollars in ticket sales were for Broadway shows, and were watched by more than 12 million visitors.

In 2010 New York declared its decision to close the street to car traffic in the busy areas of the street, to avoid issues of overcrowding. Store owners loved this idea, and began taking out chairs and picnic tables to the street, in the Times Square area.

Dozens of stores, restaurants and cafes, street performances and amazing shows - this street is the best show in town...

#Cheap Tickets

At the center of the square you can find a kiosk for selling discount tickets, TKS, that offers tickets that have not yet been sold for same-day shows, around a 30%-50% discount. Don't worry, if you thought you would miss the kiosk, just look for the long line that spreads at the center of the square and you will immediately see it. Good luck!

#Shopping in Broadway

There are hundreds of stores on Broadway Avenue, especially during the section between 8th Avenue and Canal Street, offering great shopping for designer clothing. There are expensive designer stores like Prada, as well as cheaper stores and large international brands. Try getting a glimpse of the Bloomingdales department store, where there are many surprises to be found.
The Frick Collection
The Frick Collection
#About the Museum

This special museum, located at the palace of a rich industrialist, Henry Frick, is considered one of the most beautiful museums in the city. Henry Frick was a great art collector, that was also the head of the company Carnegie Steel. The palace was the prestigious home of his family members, and the most grandeur in the area, even though almost all the homes on Fifth Avenue were mansions or private exclusive clubs.

The impressive artistic collection, with about 1,000 items, the entire family collected together. Among the collections are ancient furniture and art pieces by famous artists such as Degas and Rembrandt. The pieces are scattered throughout the 16 halls of the museum.

The museum itself is small and pretty and was designed by architects Carrère & Hastings in 1914. In 1935 the architect John Russell Pope expanded the building to fit it to a place for the public. The building is in the neo-Classic style, and the garden was planned according to the model of a Roman atrium, with palm trees in the garden. In the courtyard, you will also see a round music hall used for concerts and conferences.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/_SEtCYsD-WA


Walkthrough of the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DO3rGlSZuQg

Winter in New York

NBC Studios
Tour at NBC Studios
#About the TV Studios

Anyone who has never been to a TV studio has come to the right place. The NBC Studio building, located in the Rockefeller Center in New York, is one of the icons for the entertainment world. These studios host a few of the most well-known TV shows in the world, starting from hosting shows like Saturday Night Live, and news reports.

The tour that you will take through the studios is an interactive and interesting tour, that reveals a wide history of television, and access to studios where a few of the most successful shows have been, and are filmed, like Saturday Night Live, The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, Late Night with Seth Meyers, and more.

In the tour, you can learn about the production and writing of TV shows, up to the point that they are broadcasted onto your TVs. Another enjoyable part of the tour is that you are able to film your own show in the studios, and watch it afterward.

The tour is about an hour long, and includes visiting the famous 8H studio, and the two radio stations of the studios. You can see the sets of known shows, like the Today Show. Often, you can run into personalities from the studios who are looking for an audience for their shows, filmed around noon, so that if you'd like, you can participate in tapings of real shows, broadcasted around all of the United States.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
#About the Museum Whose Building Became an Icon

This interesting spiral building, a museum for modern art, was inaugurated in 1959, and it is named after Solomon R. Guggenheim. He initiated the establishment of the museum in order to display the rare collection of art he owned.

The special design of the building is the creation of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, and there is no doubt that the building's exterior draws many visitors to enjoy the beauty. The building is a cultural symbol, and an icon for architecture that is modern and new, creative and curious.

Though its beauty, many criticize the design of the building which brings with it failures, and lack of conformity to its location. For its spiral shape, observing the art inside is not completely straight, but crooked, what can be difficult to see the art in the same perspective that the artist was aiming for. The ceilings in the Guggenheim Museum are lower than usual, and some say this gives a sense that paintings and other art do not receive the respect they deserve.

A few years after Wright passed away, in 1992 the building underwent renovations, where more floors were added to the museum, with higher ceilings. There the pieces of art were moved that required bigger spaces.

In the museum you will find works by a variety of talented artists: Chagall, Picasso, Kandinsky, and more. Most of the collections include paintings, though there are also statues. On the fifth floor you will find a balcony with a view of Central Park.



#The Guggenheim Museum's Design

The Guggenheim Museum in New York was designed by the well-known architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Wright took 700 sketches and 15 years until he was able to arrive at what he had wanted - a building that was different than all the 'boxes' around, the same old buildings of New York.

Indeed, the structure of the Guggenheim Museum in New York has a unique shape that many consider an art piece no less important than the abstract works that are presented inside. The rounded shape, asymmetrical, irregular, and whose wide part is precisely above, is unforgettable. It was also the first museum where the gallery flows through- no floors and no rooms, but only one space curving a gentle slope down the building, up to the entry level.

What made this magic possible, is the design of the structure according to the Fibonacci series, and according to the Golden Ratio. Just like the nautilus shell, the oldest shell that still exists in the world and has not changed since the dinosaur period. The idea was accepted by the architect after a wealthy Baroness, who commissioned the work, demanded that the structure be rounded. From here the road was short for imitation of the nautilus shell, all calculated on the basis of the Fibonacci principle. It is a principle based on the Golden Ratio, the most effective form of nature for reduced replication.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a51J5hzHg4U


A Tour of the Museum:

https://youtu.be/FWFeDzKGA78


Stunning Screening on the Museum's Spiral Structure:

https://youtu.be/osc8Gvz40C4
MOMA
MoMA
#About the MoMA - Museum of Modern Art

You do not have to be an art enthusiast to tour this art museum. You can come to soak in the atmosphere, enjoy the aesthetics and the nostalgic smell of art. The Museum of Modern Art (referred to as the MoMA), is considered one of the best art museums in the world, and it is highly recommended to visit here.

The idea for establishing this museum came from "The Ladies," three well-standing women, who really wanted to create the largest modern art museum for the residents of New York.

The MoMA, built in the 1930's, was planned by Edward Durell Stone and built by Philip Goodwin. The museum was first opened to visitors in 1929. In the 1950's and 1960's a serious renovation took place here by architect Philip Johnson, who added the wonderful garden with benches. Between the years 2002 and 2004, more renovations took places as the museum doubled its size.

You can find here permanent displays, as well as temporary displays of various themes: design, photography, and sculptures. Among the displays you can see that the museum is not short of first-class art, like Vincent Van Gough's "Starry Night," Pablo Picasso's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," Salvador Dali's "The Persistence of Memory," Claude Monet's "Water Lilies," Paul Cézanne's "Les Grandes Baigneuses," and more.

In addition to displays, you can arrive daily for screenings of avant-garde, classic American, and European movies.



#Tips

The entrance is free daily between 4:00 pm and 8:00 pm. It is a little crowded at this time, so try to get a place at the start of the line.


A Closer Look at the Modern Museum:

https://youtu.be/BDwxeGEeXeY
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
#About "the Met" Art Museum

For art enthusiasts, a visit to the Metropolitan Museum of Art is more than necessary. Though the full name of the museum is the Metropolitan Museum of Art, people refer to it by its nickname, the Met. It is one of the largest and most important museums in the world. It is located on 'Museum Avenue' in New York City.

The museum opened in 1872, and is on the eastern side of Central Park. In the permanent exhibits of the museum there are more than three million displays that surveys human cultures for the past 5,000 years, from the prehistoric period up to today.

In the Metropolitan Museum you will find art in many categories, classical, ancient, Asian, Oceanic, African, Islamic and modern. All this is displayed in no less than 19 huge halls, each one dedicated to a different topic.

Keep in mind that the museum is large and the visit may take time. This experience requires meticulous planning and decisions about what to give up and what to see, but if you have limited time, it is recommended to arrive at the Temple of Dendur located in the Egyptian wing. The structure was copied and presented just as it was in Egypt in 1967.

Among the recommended ones here are the European Sculpture Garden and the rooms devoted to the paintings of Vermeer and Rembrandt. The museum also offers free guided tours, which are carried by volunteers and museum staff.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/OTsqUNGFYlM



A Tour:

https://youtu.be/81cOWV3-xxs


New York Hall Of Science
New York Hall Of Science
#About the Science Museum for the Children of New York

The New York Hall of Science is located in Queens. This museum is very interactive, whose purpose is to let children's curiosity in science come to life.

In every room and space in the museum there are expert and friendly tour guides, who help children enjoy the place and find all the options offered here. They explain, provoke thought, play with the kids, and provide the opportunity to participate in a variety of interesting activities.

Examples for activities that the museum offers children are the creation of soap animals, getting to know the human eye and how it works, illusions, sculpting with balloons, paper mache, adventures in space, hall of mirrors, 4D theater, golf courses, and many more exciting and enriching activities.

Many parents say that this museum enriches children, while at the same time they really enjoy themselves. Everyone always emphasizes that kids love the Hall of Science, and it is therefore highly recommended.



#Tips

On Fridays between 2:00 pm and 5:00 pm, and on Sundays between 10:00 am and 11:00 am - the entrance is free.

The museum is intended mostly for children between the ages of 3-12.

An average visit here takes between 3 -5 hours.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/FAq92nc3EWg
Bryant Park
#About the Park that Commemorates the Person Who Fought for its Existence

Behind the Public Library of New York, you can see Bryant Park, named after the journalist and editor William Bryant, who fought for a long time to establish parks and open spaces for the residents of New York. The size of the park is 39,000 square meters.

In the park is a large lawn area, where different events throughout the year go on. There are screenings of movies, concerts, and musical festivals. Around the lawn are seating areas.

In the park, you will find free attractions for visitors and locals, like ping pong tables, books and magazines, and more.

If you arrived in the winter months, notice that the main lawn becomes an ice skating rink. You can skate in the rink, entrance is free, or chose to sit at a cafe nearby and enjoy watching people skate. In the stores, you will find unique merchandise for Christmas, and everything around is decorative and festive.



#History of the Park

An interesting story about this park has to do with the general mood that was here until 1850. For a serious lack of green spaces and entertainment locations, locals were forced to go to the closest cemeteries to their houses and lay blankets on the ground.

Bryant Park in the past was also a cemetery. In 1840 it was decided to moved thousands of bodies to a new location. Seven years later the park was opened to the general public and offered visitors a place to relax. This time, the park was without gravestones.

With the building of the subway, this area deteriorated, and prostitutes, drug dealers, and homeless people began coming to the park. In 1930 the park was fenced with a metal fence, to ensure a separation between the park and the street. More steps were taken to clean up the questionable characters who used to come here. These attempts were unsuccessful. In 1979 the Public Library received funding for a new design, the park also received attention, and attempts were once again made for its rehabilitation. From 1992 the park became a success, a relaxed and fun place.

Following the substantial renovations, and the fact that it became one of the most populated places in the world during opening hours (about 198 people per 1,000 square meters), it is easy to understand its popularity. Renting prices for the houses in the neighborhood rose by 40%, and the quality of residents improved.




Ice Skating in the Park in Winter:

https://youtu.be/4L6wLsodC7g


Walk in in the Park in Summer:

https://youtu.be/QgNEaZFDlF8
American Museum of Natural History
#About the Natural History Museum of New York

One of the most important museums in the United States is the American Museum of Natural History. It is located in Central Park West Ave in Manhattan. The museum was established in 1869, originally located in the arsenal building, until moving to its current location in 1974. The museum includes 25 buildings where there are permanent and temporary exhibits. For its massive size, the museum holds up to 30 million items on display.

The museum is famous mainly for its Dioramas (3D models), the displayed stuffed animals in their natural habitat: animals from Asia, Africa, and North America. Near these displays are also displays of fossils, meteor remains, diamonds and minerals. In the Ocean Hall there is a life-size model of a blue whale. In the permanent exhibits there is a space exhibit, science and historical fossils, and among these dinosaur skeletons.

There is a Planetarium in the museum showing a three-dimensional view of space, with a spectacular audio-visual display and show about the universe.

The museum is a classic children's museum, however, adults will also find a lot to be fascinated with here. The museum has over 1,200 workers and managers and conducts about 100 researches every year.

Entrance fees to the museum are on a donation base only, but it is common to leave 5 dollars at least.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kxPCFljwJws


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.