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Galeries Lafayette
Galeries Lafayette
#About the Complex

Galerie Lafayette is one of the famous and impressive department stores in France. Many visitors come to this complex to see the 9 stories, rounded and designed. On each floor you will find fashion sections and different luxury restaurants, and fast food chains as well. Be sure to notice the dome at the top of the building.

Home appliances, furniture, cosmetics, jewelry and clothing -in the Galeries Lafayette complex you will find designers and big named-brands.

On the 6th floor of the building you will find restaurants from where you can look over the beautiful Parisian landscape. Prices in the store are usually high, but walking around is always free. It is fun to walk around and see the fashion and the designs.


A Closer Look at the Galeries Lafayette:

https://youtu.be/zJBF2SKGl1c

A Visit:

https://youtu.be/f9Wfswz8vxE


Bloggers:

https://youtu.be/cOvgmJT9WxU
Muse International de la Parfumerie
Musée International de la Parfumerie
#About the Museum that Showcases the Perfume World

In the heart of Paris, near the Opera Garnier, is the Perfume Museum. In the past this museum was used as a theater, and the house of a British merchant.

The Perfume Museum reveals the secrets of the trade, the history and production of perfumes. You will also be able to see an amazing collection of expensive items that explain perfume history - from ancient times up to today. There are descriptions about natural ingredients and how they are combined with fats and other products to create modern perfumes. If you ever wondered why good perfumes are so expensive, at the museums you will clearly understand why: 200 kilos of lavenders are needed to produce one kilo of lavender scent for perfumes.

Visitors can discover the worlds of scents and smells with ancient artifacts, magazines and short videos.

On the second floor of the museum you will find a small museum dedicated completely to perfumes. You will be able to follow the 5,000 year long history of perfume making, through different displays and ancient perfume containers, photos, documents and tools. The museum is located in a building from the 19th century, whose design has been kept to its original architecture.

After touring the museum, on your way out you will pass a small perfume boutique shop. You can spray some of the scents on small pieces of paper. You can also purchase yourself or others a bottle of perfume or two.



A Closer Look at the Fregrance Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OyfpranCSBY
Les Halles
Les Halles
#The Commercial Area of ​​Paris

Les Halles is a large commercial center, which also houses the main railway station of Paris. It has a network of underground railways, established in the 1960's.

For hundreds of years the area served as a large wholesale zone. In 1183 King Philip August increased the market area of ​​Paris and built a shelter to protect the merchants who came to sell their products. In the 1950's, massive steel and glass structures were erected, which became the symbol of the region and gave it the nickname "the belly of Paris."

In 1971 the market was destroyed and with it, lost the colorful and noisy atmosphere that was so well known. For several years the place was actually a huge pit and considered an aesthetic hazard that disturbed the visitors to the Church of Saint Eustache. It was even called "The Hole of God". Construction was completed in 1977 with the inauguration of the subway station.

The area grew into a modern shopping and entertainment complex. In the innovative commercial center that was built there are hundreds of shops on four underground levels: clothing stores, footwear, cosmetics and household items, restaurants, cafes and a cinema. There are also several small museums: the wax museum, the rock museum and an oceanographic center that provides a glimpse into ocean life.

The building was criticized for its design and therefore in 2004 the municipality conducted an architecture competition for the new building. David Menzhen won and planned to rebuild the area.

The main area of ​​the forum is out in the open air, is submerged in a level lower than the street level and has statues, fountains and mosaics.

Behind the forum you will find a special garden designed in combination with classic and modern styles. It has a children's play area, a small train in the style of the early 20th century and an unusual sundial, which shows the time carved in stone.

Despite the pastoral nature of the place in the day, it is considered a drug trafficking zone and becomes dangerous at night



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NZBBgJA_SFw&t=771s
Muse d'Orsay
d'Orsay Art Museum
#Musée d'Orsay - The Train Station That Became an Art Museum

One of the most impressive art museums in the world is dedicated to art from the second half of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. The d'Orsay Art Museum (Musée d'Orsay) is located on the left bank of the Seine River in the 7th district of the prestigious area of Saint Germain. The museum has an impressive collection of art, including a variety of important and famous works from 1848 to 1914.

The spacious building now used as a museum was no less than a train station and a hotel in the past. During your visit you can still see the huge clocks used by the passengers and the floors remind you a little of the platforms that were once here. The transformation of the station into a museum began in 1977 and opened to the general public in 1986.

The museum also features sculptures, decorative art, photographs and furniture. You can see the works of the most important impressionist artists - Monet with "Women in the Garden", "Heaps of Hay" and "Poppies", Renoir's famous works such as "Dances in the Moulin de la Galette" and "The Bathers", some of Degas's sculptures of famous dancers and Manet most important works, "Breakfast on the Grass" and "Olympia"

Do not miss the works of the amazing realist Krove, which will leave you stunned with your mouth open. Then continue to the Impressionist side - paintings that accurately reflect what the eye sees.

As we continue to wander through the museum's parts, we arrive at the post-Impressionists part - those who rebelled and abandoned Impressionism in favor of establishing a new artistic language. Van Gogh, the father of expressionism, describes not only what exists in nature, but his moods and feelings, which are not only private and personal, and which embrace each other.



#Creations Worth Looking at in the Museum

There are many worthwhile creations in the museum, here are some of them:

#Starry Night over The Rhone (Vincent van Gogh)

Van Gogh's work was painted in 1888. It depicts the banks of the Rhone River in the city of Arles in France. The painting is drawn from a remote perspective, from the eastern bank of the river to the western bank, which allows it to demonstrate the reflections of the street lighting (gas lamps) in the river. In the painting you can see a pair of lovers strolling along the riverbank. The painting shows specific buildings in Arles, such as the church towers of Saint Julien and Saint Tropez.

#Bal du Moulin de la Galette (Pierre Auguste Renoir)

Renoir painted this work twice - once big and ocne small. The large version can be found in the museum and the small one is currently in a private collection. The work depicts a dance of the bourgeois class, which takes place in Montmartre in Le Moulin de la Galette, on Sunday afternoons. The painting includes a large number of figures - some standing, some dancing and some sitting at tables. Above the group are trees that allow rays of sun to pass and illuminate the characters. The characters in the painting are cut off and therefore there is a sense that the scene is part of a larger event that takes place outside the boundaries of the picture.

#Lunch on the Grass (Edouard Manet)

Manet's oil painting depicts a naked woman beside two dressed men, dining in a garden in Paris in 1863. This was the first time female nudity in daily context was introduced in a painting, without any explicit social or political statement.



#The Museum's Building

The Musée d'Orsay, considered one of the most impressive and popular museums in the world, is a magnificent architectural structure of metal and glass, which began its construction in 1898.

The museum was built where a train station used to be. The station was inaugurated in 1900, but due to a lack of compatibility with newer and more modern trains, it was only used for 40 years. The building was used for several decades for different needs, until in the mid-1970's when the entire building was designated for demolition. A modern multi-functional complex was planned to be built there, but due to the stubbornness of the French museum management, which discovered the potential inherent in the special building, a museum dedicated to art from the second half of the 19th century to the early years of the 20th century was created there.

In 1977, the decision was made and the railway station became an artistic lodge while preserving its outer shape. The museum opened to the public in 1986, and to this day, while utilizing the high spaces of the building, it presents neoclassical, romantic, impressionistic, realistic and other creations.

The ground floor is divided into three levels that present painting, sculpture and architecture.

On the second floor of the building are Impressionist works by a variety of painters.



#The Story of the Striping Artist

In 2016, the artist Deborah de Robertis from Luxembourg was arrested after lying naked in a museum, in front of the painting "Olympia" by Edouard Manet. The painting shows a naked woman lying in her full glory looking directly at the viewer's eyes. Behind the woman is a black maid. In those days, the exhibition "Luxury and Misery: Images of Prostitution 1850-1910" was presented at the museum, which dealt with the excitement of various artists in the phenomenon of prostitution that grew in the second half of the 19th century. Manet's painting caused turmoil at the time, ever since the first time it was presented in 1865. This is because the painting was very direct and daring for its time. He introduced a real prostitute and not a mythological figure, historical or religious - which was more common in the works of the time.

But the naked appearance of the striping artist, while many people were standing around the painting, awakened the museum guards, who closed the room and asked her to dress. Because she refused, the police were summoned and removed her from the place.

The artist's lawyer explained that she carried a camera in order to document the audience's reactions, and that in fact it was a work of art. Despite the reputation that comes to France as a place that promotes free sex, cases from recent years indicate that there too, they find it difficult to accept such harsh provocations. After her release from prison, the artist said that the French reaction was hypocritical to her.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8SZxg2SjCE&t=79s

Winter in Paris

L'Eclair de Gnie
L'Eclair de Génie
#About the Genius's Deli

The eclair of the French eclair genius Christoph Adam is a must have for eclair lovers, the pleasure dessert of the French. This is the excellent eclair shop belonging to the celebrated confectioner of the Fauchon Deli. His eclairs are a pure pleasure for both the eyes and the palate.

By the way, the un-modest name of the place is actually a French pun - if you want it means "Flash of Genius" or if you want it is means "Genius Eclair " or "Eclair of the Genius." In any case, all these meanings will be illustrated when you taste Christophe Adam's eclairs.



A Closer Look at the Deli's Eclairs:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DWXcMGO9MjM
FAUCHON Paris
FAUCHON Paris
#About the Delicatessen

The well known delicatessen in Paris is especially loved by locals who make sure to visit it for years. Here you will find a variety of delicacies of all kinds: cheeses, breads, olives, fruits, cold cuts and tempting desserts.

The prices at the delicatessen are not very cheap. It is divided into two stores. One with three floors that has a wine floor, a delicacy and spreads floor, and a restaurant. In the second store you will find cheeses, breads and desserts.

Want a perfect break? Buy yourself a few groceries and a bottle of wine and go to the Tuileries Gardens right next to you. Where you can have a perfect and delicious picnic.



A Closer Look at the Fauchon Delicatessen:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-wJB5VLPz3k
Htel de Ville de Paris
Hôtel de ville de Paris
#About Paris's Town Hall, Hôtel de Ville de Paris

The town hall of Paris is located in the fourth district and has been there since 1357. In the year 1871, during the days of the Paris Commune, the building was burned down, after France surrendered to Germany that same year. The archives, municipal library and the important document collections had a similar fate.

Even today, being a site of power and luxury, where the council of Paris sits, and where the mayors guests are welcomed, part of it is open for exhibitions.

The town square in the west front of the building, turned into a pedestrian space in the year 1982. Throughout history, this was a place of gatherings for rebels, insurgents and protestors. Some of the greatest criminals in French history met their maker here by means of hanging, decapitation and fire.

This site is recommended for lovers of history, art and architecture. A guided tour can be organized with the municipality. Visitors can visit the conference room, which was designed with inspiration of the halls of Versailles. Free art exhibits are on display and are very popular amongst tourists and locals.



#Architecture

After it was destroyed in a fire during the Paris Commune in 1871, the building was rebuilt between the years 1874 and 1882, according to the plan of the architects Theodore Boulou and Ediard Deporte. The front of the building was designed in a neo-Renaissance style, imitating the look of the burned building.

On the front side of the decorated building you can find gothic style windows and figures of 146 famous Parisian figures that have contributed to the city's art, science and politics.

The building is characterized by windows that tell a story and by many sculpted niches. The interior is filled with decorative furniture and wall hangings.

The main facade is decorated with figures that define Paris - including artists, scientists, politicians and industrialists.

In the inner courtyard, there are two bronze statues. One symbolizes art and the other, science. The main staircase leads to a ballroom and to other halls designed in a mixed "Renaissance" and "Belle Epoch" style (The beautiful era, a period of modernization and vast improvement in quality of life).



#Hotel de Ville Restaurant

One of the most expensive restaurants in the world is located right here. This Michelin three-star restaurant was managed by the couple Bridget and Benoit Valiard not too long ago. Both of them come from families with a rich culinary history. The restaurant uses fresh, high quality ingredients and the design of the place is very similar to the visuals of the food served there. Each serving at the restaurant looks just like a work of art and provides a multi-sensory experience.

In spite of the Pastoralism, a tragic story accompanies this place. In 2016, a few hours before Benoit's participation in the Michelin awards ceremony in Paris, he was found shot near his house with his hunting rifle next to him. The chef's death shocked the global culinary world. Two days after the incident, his wife, Bridget, who runs the restaurant, decided that the show had to go on and opened the restaurant to the general public. In the morning, she convened the restaurant staff and shared her plans for the future according to her husband's vision.

In December 2016, the restaurant won the "Best Restaurant in the World" title from the French Foreign Ministry's ranking the 1,000 restaurants in the world. The restaurant has a waiting list of 3 months.



#Days of the Paris Commune

This period of time, when the original Hotel de Ville was burned, was a period of innovation conducted by Napoleon the third. Napoleon appoints Baron Osman to make changes that will help Paris reach the 20th century and help it cope with its growth and with the industrial revolution.

Osman does some very dramatic things: he destroys the small alleys and builds large boulevards and new buildings instead. These are also years of architectural breakthroughs, an era of culture and intellectualism, in which artists such as Victor Hugo create. The city full is full of creation, thought and art.

In the early 70s of the 19th century, Paris once again suffered from the war between France and Germany. During the war Paris is under siege. The Persians even manage to conquer it and impose harsh taxes on France. The instability of the French government created an internal struggle and Paris suffered a revolutionary-anarchist outbreak as the Paris communes operated and controlled the city. These communes did take care of the masses and the values of equality, but damaged quite a few symbols of culture, especially those identified with the monarchy and the church which caused killings and the rule of terror. This situation put Paris in a difficult civil war.

In May of 1871 there was a "Bloody Week" - the Versailles army attacked Paris, killing tens of thousands of citizens and supporters of the communes and executed some of the leaders of the communes. The peace and quiet returns to France for a couple of decades until the beginning of the twentieth century.



#Fires and Politics

During the Franco-Prussian War the building played a central role in several political events.

On the 30th of October 1870, revolutionaries broke into the building and took over the government of the National Defence, with repeated demands for the establishment of the commune government. The current government was saved by soldiers who broke into the Hotel de Ville through an underground tunnel that connected the building with the nearby barracks.

On the 18th of January 1871, crowds gathered outside the building to protest against surrendering to the Prussians. They were dispersed by soldiers who fired from nearby buildings and even hit several of them.

The Paris Commune was a Municipal authority established in Paris with the fall of the Bastille. The first mayor was Jean-Sylvain Beau and he chose the Hotel de Ville as the town hall. In 1871, when the members of the commune saw opposing forces approaching the building, they set fire to the building in order to destroy all existing public records. The building, the archives, the municipal library and the important collections of documents were burned down. The enormous flames burned the whole building from the inside, leaving only an empty shell.

Reconstruction of the town hall began in 1873 and ended in 1892 (19 years).



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/gJw_jwjKpE4
Champs-lyses
Champs-Élysées
#The Birth and Renewal of the Most Famous Avenue in the World

The Avenue des Champs Elysées, also known as the "Avenue of the Fields" is one of Paris's main avenues, and one of the most famous streets in the world.

This avenue is one of the most prominent symbols of Paris. It is 2 kilometers long, and here you can find a lot of luxury and glamor. This is because of the palaces and luxury buildings that are built along the avenue. The street begins at the Arc de Triomphe, and ends at the Place de la Concorde and is part of the "historic axis."

Although the avenue is very expensive, it is vibrant and full of tourists, who tour the area throughout the day. The avenue has been appointed a task force whose purpose is to maintain the area's prestige. Among the people who live here, the most famous tenant is the president of France, who lives in the Elysee Palace.

Champs-Elysées was not always as bright as today. During the 1980's the boulevard was neglected and abandoned by both business owners and tourists. Jacques Chirac, who was the mayor of Paris in the early 1990's, decided to do something and invested 36 million Euros in the dying boulevard. The architect Bernard Huatt and the designer Jean-Michel Wilmotte were brought in and asked to rebuild what was needed.

So what was actually done? The sidewalks extending from the Arc de Triomphe to the square in the middle of the avenue were re-paved with elegant granite stone. 55 benches were built especially for the boulevard, and placed down the street alongside matching designed lamps. New parking arrangements that made it easier for tourists to reach the area, and renovations for the metro, all contributed to the renewed atmosphere.

During the hard days of the avenue, criminal activities and violence were felt everywhere. During the years of rehabilitation, a reinforced police unit was placed on the avenue. The pickpockets and the bag grabbers were treated badly and the results were not long in coming - since 2000 the perpetrators have left the area and made room for tourists.

The biggest measure of the rehabilitation of the boulevard is the cost of rent per square meter in its real estate, which climbed to the second highest place in the world - 7,219 euros per square meter.



#The Avenue's Prestige

Properties around the famous boulevard have increased in value over the years. The real and inconceivable measure of this is the high cost of rent per square meter that climbed to the second place in the world - 7,219 euros per square meter. This huge tariff causes businesses that cannot survive these prices to give up their spot in the prestigious location. In recent decades, 10 theaters have closed, the old travel agency of Air France has also given way. In their place, a huge Louis Vuitton shop, Zara, Benton and a Cartier jewelry store leased a 650 square meter property at the foot of the Arc de Triomphe.

The legendary Publicis drug store underwent a massive renovation and a new luxury hotel came into the picture. The old Phuket Restaurant (1901) acquired the four buildings around it to build the hotel - the new palace of Paris, right in the center of the avenue.



#Shopping at the Champs-Elysées

The famous Avenue des Champs-Elysées is one of Paris's largest shopping areas. It offers dozens of beautiful luxury shops, brand stores and high fashion alongside more popular chains, souvenir shops and more. It is one of the most important avenues to visit during a visit to Paris, along with dozens of restaurants and cafes that will enhance your Parisian feeling.

You will find exclusive stores of important fashion designers, names like Cartier, Hugo Boss or Louis Vuitton. The prices of these luxury stores are particularly high, but you also have more affordable and accessible options in the well-known clothing chains around the world, such as the famous H & M. At the boulevard you will also find the flagship store of Paris, known as Sephora.

On the boulevard you will also find Disney's famous toy store and you can jump to the fabulous dessert store "Laduree." We recommend you to taste the wonderful macarons they make and even pack some home as a gift.



A Closer Look at the Avenue:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4idGwtdhIgI


Muse du Louvre
Louvre Museum
#About the Museum

Paris's large and luxurious museum, the Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre) is also one of the largest in the world. It is located on the right side of the first district of Paris, in what used to be a palace.

The Louvre was founded by King Philippe Auguste in 1190 as a fortified palace on the western border of Paris, as part of the defense of the city against Viking attacks. In the years following the construction of the fortress, when Paris expanded beyond the western boundaries set by the king, the palace was used as a line of defense for the storage of the royal treasury. Thus, in 1546, under the reign of François I, architect Pierre Lecco began to transform the fortress into a luxurious royal palace.

The idea of making the Louvre a museum rose during the time of Louis 15th. After the French Revolution, it was decided that the place should open to the masses so that they could enjoy the national masterpieces, and the museum opened in 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings.

In the years that followed, the museum was called the "Napoleon Museum" and not by chance. The collection of works expanded greatly during Napoleon's reign, mainly because of the loot he had collected during his wars. The current shape of the Louvre is a huge structure with two arms - the northern Risheleigh side and the southern Dennon side that surrounds Napoleon's courtyard in the center, it exists since 1874.



#Masterpieces in the Louvre

The Louvre currently has a quarter of a million works of art. Along with famous works, such as the Mona Lisa, or the Madonna and the Child of Leonardo da Vinci, you will also find less known art here. In any case, this is an unforgettable experience for every art lover.

For example, Venus from Milos, is perhaps the most famous Greek sculpture in the world. It was found by a local fisherman on the Greek island of Milos, in 1820, when it was split into two separate parts. The Turks, who ruled the island at the time, confiscated the finds, but the French ambassador who was in Istanbul made France buy them and since then it has been in the Louvre.

This is also the story of another mythical statue from Ancient Greece - the statue of Nike, facing against the wind. The statue presents the goddess of victory, Nike, standing against the wind, with her wing. She has no hands and no head, but she is beautiful and many come to the Louvre to see her.

Another famous statue here is the statue of the sitting clerk, an ancient Egyptian statue commemorating the ancient-new profession that was born with the invention of writing - the profession of the clerk, the secretary, who sits and writes diligently.

And there are also the giant Lamassu statues, which guarded the throne room in the palace of the Assyrian king Sargon II. On the ancient stone on which the Hammurabi laws are written, the most comprehensive collection of laws published in antiquity.



#About the Theft of the Mona Lisa

In August 1911, the Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre Museum in Paris. The thief, a museum employee named Vincenzo Peruggia, hid the little painting under his coat and casually left the museum. The Paris police searched for the thief in vain, they offered money to any informants and interrogated anyone who could have known anything, but found nothing. For two years the thief had hidden the painting that would now become the most famous work in history, in a box under his bed.

When he returned to Italy, two years later, Peruggia offered to sell the painting to the Uffizi Museum in the city of Florence. Minutes later, the local police received a phone call that made it the detective hero of the time. The Mona Lisa was found!

The thief at first said, "I acted on impulse." He then changed his version and said that he wanted to return it to Italy, from where Napoleon stole it. In the trial he said this again and again, and the judges eased his sentence, despite the unimpressive historical knowledge he was discovered with. It is ironic that after a short prison sentence, Peruggia the "patriot" returned to France and died just a few years later.



#About the Mona Lisa

The most famous painting in the world is, oddly enough, one of the most modest and small paintings that exist.

The painting is called "Mona Lisa" or "La Gioconda" and it is located in the Louvre Museum in Paris. The painter is a Renaissance man, Leonardo da Vinci, and he painting for a very long time, in the 16th century.

This portrait is revolutionary, because it changed the way of painting portraits, completely accurate copies. If until then they used to paint mostly in profile, it was a frontal painting that completely changed the picture, literally. All the portraits followed his way and were frontal.

The gentle brush strokes and the blurring of the corners of the lady's mouth give Mona Lisa a mysterious and intriguing smile that fascinated generations of art lovers and made this painting known all over the world.

In addition, Leonardo used various techniques such as delicate games of light and shade in the Mona Lisa. The difference between the portrait, the background and the special perspective, increased realism in the painting. But the real genius in the painting is the use of the method he developed called Sfumato. In the Sfumato method, the artist creates a gradual and careful transition from color to color or shade to shade, so that the sub-colors cannot be distinguished. Today in the digital age it is obvious, but during the Renaissance it was an innovative invention, implemented in Mona Lisa and added great depth to the painting.

The Mona Lisa is undoubtedly the most famous painting in the world. Hundreds of copies and fakes have survived over the years. Experts say it is the most copied painting in the world.

But unlike all copies and fakes, a recent painting stands out with a truly exciting story. This is the same lady called "Mona Lisa" painted by Leonardo about a decade before the famous painting. The lady is younger, the scenery is different, the colors are lighter, but the poses and faces are the same. Even the marble pillars cut from the renowned Mona Lisa are painted.



#The Museum's Architecture

The big and luxurious Louvre Museum of Paris is also one of the largest in the world. The place born in the 12th century as a fortified palace on the western border of Paris was initially designed to protect the city from Viking attacks. The Vikings often attacked in the Middle Ages and conquered cities throughout Europe.

The current shape of the Louvre is a huge structure with two arms - the northern Risheleigh side and the southern Dennon side that surrounds Napoleon's courtyard in the center, it exists since 1874.
In 1983, Francois Mitterrand, the French president, proposed the "Grand Louvre" plan to renew and renovate the museum. The Chinese-American architect Leoh Ming Pei, who won the project, offered the Glass Pyramid as the main entrance in the center of Napoleon's courtyard and three small pyramids next to it.

The Louvre pyramid is made of metal frames and glass panels. It serves as the main entrance to the museum. The pyramid and the underground lobby solved the difficulty of including the large number of visitors to the museum every day. What is so special about this structure is that the visitors enter through the pyramid, from which they descend into the spacious lobby and then ascend to the main buildings of the museum.



A Closer Look at the Louvre Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vmKeRxv-xwM
Opera Garnier
#About the Garnier Opera

The National Open House of Paris, Opera Garnier, is a big and impressive building locating in the ninth district, north of the tuilerie area. This is one of the most famous opera buildings in the world, for its prime feature of being the setting of the novel "The Phantom of the Opera" by Gaston Leroux, whose story line has been the basis of many movies

During its earlier years the building was called "The Paris Opera House," but after the opening of the Opera Bastille in 1989, the building's name changed to "Opera Garnier."

The building's area is 11,000 square meters, and has 1,979 seats. The large stage holds up to 450 people. It is possible to go into the building not during show times for a fee.

Today you can listen to the National Opera and see the ballet company.



#Opera Garnier Architecture

In 1858, while Napoleon III was visiting the official opera building with his wife, there was an assasintation attempt against his life. Following this incident, Napoleon decided to build the new opera building, bigger and more impressive then the one where the attempt happened. Charles Garnier won the bid to design the building, and was comparitively young and did not have much experience, not much, that this was actually the first building he designed. Back to our story, to avoid future attempts, a safe passageway was built to allow the leader to descend straight to his carriage. The building began in 1862 and was finished in 1875.

Garnier managed to create a beautiful archictual design, advanced and modern. The building began in in 1861 and was finalized only 14 years later. The reasons for the delays was the Prussian-French War, the fall of the second empire and the conquoring of Paris by the Prussians. Another reason for the delays was an underground lake located under the contruction, an inspiration for the "Phantom of the Opera." The building was completed on January 15th, 1875.

The impressive building is decorated accordingly: marble friezes, gold and velvet walls, and sculptures of cherubs and nymphs. In 1964, the painter Marc Chagall was invited to decorate the ceiling of the opera.

The Opera Garnier is the most expensive building to be built during the second empire. The building is in the Neo-Baroque style, mixed with classical. It is considered an architectual wonder among the theater styles of the 19th century.



#Opera for the Subscribers

The opera building had very particular purposes- serving the opera subscribers. Subscribers had an annual subscription, and strictly came five days a week to the opera. They were less interested in the music, which served as background music for them, but more in the presence - to see and be seen. This is also why the architect Garnier built the building in this manner - the public areas comprise half of the building, the hall itself occupies only a quarter of it and the remaining quarters are rehearsal areas and offices.

The entrance hall is covered with mirrors, so visitors can check themselves out, and from here go up the wide marble stairs leading to the large and spacious waiting rooms. From the steps and the balconies, you can see everyone who enters the hall. What is absurd, is that the hall itself was built so that visitors can easily observe the other boxes, and with a little less of a view of the stage.

An interesting fact about the Opera Garnier is about the velvety red color of the chairs in the hall. Today it looked like a routine color, but back when the opera opened, the use of red fabrics was new. Garnier said that he decided to use this color because the women who come to the opera are like jewelry and therefore they should sit in a jewelry box (which was cushioned at that time). The bold idea succeeded, and today most of the concert halls, cinema and opera are lined with the color velvety red.

In order to provide an attraction to the public, Garnier installed a clock that shows the days of the week and the days of the month and built a "sunset room" with optical illusions. If you stand in the center of the room you can see the sun setting.



#Phantom of the Opera

The Opera Garnier was also the setting for the Phantom of the Opera, a Gothic-detective horror novel that became famous through many films, musicals and other versions over the years, originally written by the French writer Gaston Leroux and first published in 1909. It was serialized in the French press.

The story, some of which is real and some fictional, deals with the tragic love of a twisted genius for a talented young opera singer. According to the novel, the phantom is a twisted musical genius who was involved in the construction of an opera house, where he secretly built a network of tunnels and secret passages that allow him to move around the building like a ghost and impose his authority over the structure. The story is structured as a detective investigation and includes conversations with the various characters who survived and tell the story from their point of view.

The phantom story has become a cult legend and today it is surrounded by sworn fans who invented even a nickname: Phantom Phans. From the complex figure of the phantom Erik, through the music created by Andrew Lloyd Webber, to the design elements associated with the character: the huge organ, candles and candlesticks, masks, black velvet robes, chandeliers and so on. Many of the fans wrote their own versions of the story, some wrote their sequels - they publish their works across the Internet on various fan sites, and some even went so far as to print their versions.

To this day, one fan is known to love the phantom legend so much that she changed her legal name to Christine Daae, like the singer she loved from the novel.


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.