It took almost 600 years to build the Duomo, built in 1386 by Archbishop Antonio da Saluzzo. It was built where the Basilica of San Giovanni El Ponte, built in the late 4th century was destroyed by a fire, that stood before.
The dimensions of the Duomo are unbelievable. The area is 148 by 157 meters, with a height of 108.5 meters at the peak, in the Madonna statue area. It can accommodate no less than 40,000 worshipers. It is not only the world's largest Gothic cathedral and the second largest Catholic cathedral in the world, many see the Duomo as the most magnificent of the Gothic churches in Italy.
The cathedral, located in the Duomo Square, has a dazzling artistic design, both from the outside and from the inside. The large stained-glass windows of the choir here are considered the largest in the world. The marble floor that was laid here more than 600 years ago is glamorous and prestigious to this day. The whole cathedral is covered with white marble on the outside, and it holds over 3,500 sculptures!
But the statues, the frescoes and the mosaics, the luxurious marble floor, the coffins of the archbishops and the impressive stained-glass windows here are nothing compared to the grandeur of the gigantic, breathtaking Gothic structure that stands in the heart of Milan, a sparkling jewel decorated with 135 turrets.
Like cathedrals in many European cities, Milan’s Cathedral is the city center. It is hard to miss the beauty and splendor it radiates and the huge number of tourists who sit at its feet every hour of the day. Also throughout the year, it is the most central place in the city. Here, Christmas is celebrated in the winter, and most of the tourists' tours take place here in the summer.
The cathedral is covered with white marble, its length is 157 meters, its height in the Madonna statue area is 108.5 meters. 40,000 worshipers can stand in it. Inside the church has 135 turrets and close to 3,500 sculptures.
The Duomo stands in the center of the vast square designed by the architect Giuseppe Mengoni in 1895.
Notice the stained-glass windows from the 15th century onwards. A view from the interior of the church during the day will illuminate the stained-glass windows in splendid colors. Notice that they are different, each stained glass according to the period in which it was created and by the artistic nature.
In the curator's hall, you will see dozens of Christian works of art from the 4th to the 12th century.
Christian believers are particularly excited here by a small nail that stands above the altar and is presented to the public only once a year. This is a nail that they believe was part of the cross on which Jesus was crucified.
In the basement of the church, you can watch the remains of the ancient church that was here in the 4th century.
As you exit the Duomo outside, take a moment to look at the magnificent doors of the church. There are five of them here, and they are a masterpiece of meticulous etching.
Among the thousands of sculptures in the church, there is a uniform line. Most of them describe important moments and images in the history of Christianity and the city of Milan.
In the outer structure of the Duomo, look at the Gothic head sculptures, called "Gargoyles." Such statues of the head are found in many Gothic churches and are intended to frighten demons and evil spirits, so they do not enter the church.
On the left side of the Duomo you will see stairs and an elevator. Go up to the roof of the Duomo, it’s about 150 steps, and enjoy the magnificent view from above.
In addition to the sight of the city and the landscape from it, you can also enjoy the stroll through the many towers and statues. The most significant of them is the statue of Holy Madonna, the Virgin Mary, who protects the city. This is the golden statue, 5 meters high, which marks the highest point of the Duomo. It has been admired by the city's residents for many years.
The best time to visit here is in the daylight, so the stained-glass windows and the windows are a great color.
Come dressed modestly.
Climb the stairs, it’s a matter of five minutes. Also, it’s a financial savings of 5 euros per person and a great way to experience one of the church's experiences.
Do not bring in many unnecessary objects, because your belongings may be checked at the entrance to the cathedral.