The castle was originally built for William, King of England, and its purpose was to protect the city of London. However the appearance of the castle was slightly different back then. Most of the current palace was built by King George IV (1820), who added much of its height.
The rooms are open to visitors if you desire a look inside the palace. Make sure not to skip the main attraction of the palace - Queen Mary's dollhouse.
The dollhouse is built in a ratio of 12 to 1, which means that the furniture and products that characterize the house are also small in proportion. The most impressive fact is these furniture pieces and appliances were built by the same companies that made them the usual size and all of them are active - the lamps, the electrical appliances and even the water pipes have water.
The dollhouse also has tiny books, including special editions of rare works and the original text. Some artists (including Arthur Conan Doyle and Somerset Maugham) were asked to write stories especially for the dollhouse.
In 1837, at the age of 18, Victoria was crowned queen. Two years later she received an offer of marriage to her cousin Albert, a German prince of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha. He became her husband and helped her control the kingdom fearlessly during her early years.
The Queen's reign is named after her: "The Victorian period" - it is characterized as a period of industrial revolution, a period in which there were many developments in the fields of society, economy and technology. In was in her time that the British Empire was considered the strongest empire in the world.
After 21 years of marriage, the prince passed away and queen fell into depression. She shut herself up in her castle, dressed in black clothes, for almost 30 years. The Queen insisted that Albert's rooms remain untouched, left as they were when he was alive, including the water brought to him each morning. The royal subjects, who did everything to please her, devised a system of mourning customs that suited her life. It was only at her 50th birthday that she finally set a celebration, at a fancy banquet to which 50 European kings and princes were invited.
The Queen suffered a stroke in 1901 and passed away. After years of dressing in black (due to mourning), she was buried at her request wearing a white dress and her wedding veil. She was buried beside the love of her life, Prince Albert, in Frogmore Garden on the castle grounds.