The cenotaph is located opposite the British Foreign Office building on Whitehall Road in London. The monument is made of limestone and was designed by the architect Sir Edwin Lutyens between 1919-1920.
This is the most famous monument among modern monuments of this design. It is composed of horizontal steps that create a diagonal vertical and is mounted on a stage consisting of three steps. On its two narrow walls are engraved wreaths of stone, with the inscription: "The Glorious Dead." The expression was suggested by the famous British author, Rudyard Kipling, whose son was killed in World War I. The two broad sides of the monument are adorned with masts with various cloth flags that are switched every few years.
A memorial ceremony is held on Memorial Day at the foot of the monument every year for the fallen from British wars. The uniformed officers and police are obliged to salute the monument as they pass by.
There is a story that illustrates the importance of the monument to the British. It is of a soldier driving the carriage that led Princess Diana's coffin during her funeral. During the funeral procession, they found on TV cameras that he avoided a salute while driving even to the queen, but just as the carriage passed by the cenotaph he made a point of saluting the monument.