About the Square that Connects Vienna’s MuseumsThe Maria Theresien-Platz Square actually separates the two main museums of the city of Vienna: the Museum of Art on the one hand (the Kunsthistorisches Museum) and the Natural History Museum on the other, which was used in the past as horse stables for the Emperor.
In the center of the square is an impressive monument of Empress Maria Theresa. Theresa, an aristocrat from the Habsburgs, ruled Austria for no less than 40 years, along with her partner Franz I. The couple controlled the Austro-Hungarian Empire for the years 1740-1780, and although she was "only" the Emperor’s wife, her influence on the empire actually surpassed his own and was very significant. Maria Theresa was especially loved by the Austrian people and is considered to be one of the strongest and most influential women of her time.
The statue was exposed to the public after 13 years of planning and construction in May 1888, on the Emperor's birthday, May 13. It is made of marble and bronze and stands on a large stage consisting of three floors. At the bottom of the statue you will see the figures of the Imperial Court who symbolize wisdom, justice and mercy. Next to them stand the noble horses of the Empire. In the middle part you will see the daughters of the Imperial Court and at the top you will see the image of Empress Maria Theresa sitting on the throne, holding a wand in her left hand.
The sculpture undoubtedly displays power and the important part she had in the establishment of the Imperial Empire. Around the podium are columns and chains that enclose the entrance to it.