The Renaissance and the beginning of the Baroque period were periods of cultural and artistic flowering, but an inseparable part of those times were outbreaks of epidemics that caused an incredible number of deaths, especially between 1346-1353. A later outbreak of the plague was in 1679.
The city of Vienna was able to cope with the epidemic by means of various sanitation measures. At the same time, special hospitals were set up for the victims, and the victims' bodies were thrown and burned in huge pits outside the city limits.
The monument is composed of the figures at the base whose role was to represent the victory of faith over the plague and were dedicated to the symbols of the empire. At the top of the statue is the figure of a dove (the Holy Spirit) and beneath it a golden cherubim and sculpted angels.