In the square there are two main statues built in 1860 and 1865, respectively, and both symbolize Austria's glorious past:
The statue of the Grand Duke Karl of Austria - the Austrian general who defeated Napoleon in the Battle of Aspern-Esling, and who was destined to glorify the lineage of the great Austrian military leaders.
The statue of Prince Eugene of Savoy - one of the most important generals in Europe of the early modern era and the one who’s end came at the defeat to the Turkish armies of the Ottoman Empire.
Throughout history, some of the most important events in history took place in the square. One of them was the official declaration of Adolf Hitler in 1938 on the union between Nazi Germany and Austria, the Anschluss. This agreement between a native of Austria who became a German dictator and his first homeland would soon lead to a few more Nazi provocations that would lead to World War II, and massive destruction, both in Germany and in Austria.