About Vienna's Main CathedralSt. Stephen's Cathedral is one of the most famous symbols of the city of Vienna. It is an impressive cathedral and one of the highest cathedrals in the world. Here the Catholic Archbishop of Vienna sits.
Over the years, there have been quite a few important events and ceremonies, including weddings and burial ceremonies of nobles, princes and kings and other personalities, such as Mozart.
Today the cathedral is one of the city's religious and cultural symbols and an international heritage site. Every year, hundreds of thousands of visitors arrive and admire the architecture.
Make sure to go up to the observation deck, which you will reach after climbing no less than 343 steps, and from where you will be exposed to a breathtaking view of the entire city. Notice the gothic-tiled roof, all decorated with colorful decorations. It h as no less than a quarter million tiles shimmering in the sunlight and forming a two-headed eagle.
The Catherdral's ArchitectureSt. Stephen's Cathedral was built in 1147. Its length is 107 meters and its width is 70 meters. Over the course of a thousand years, it underwent quite a few changes, until it reached its present design, which was built in 1511. After that, over the years until 1952, minor renovations and changes were made, through donations from the Austrian people. From time to time, the cathedral undergoes repairs, maintenance and other reconstructions, and the results are great, even for non-Christians.
The Cathedral has a variety of halls, buildings and rooms designed in all kinds of styles - some of them in the old Romanesque style, a remnant of early Roman architecture. Some of them in the Gothic style of the Middle Ages. In the Cathedral you will also find altars, gravestones, holy statues and chapels. In addition, there are also catacombs, magnificent burial caves of bishops, dukes and other nobles who were buried here.
After World War II, because of Allied bombardments, the interior of the Cathedral was completely burned down. One of its symbols, the giant bell, originally created from the remains of cannons abandoned in Vienna in 1683, collapsed. In time, the bell was replaced by a new one, and today it rings only on special occasions.