About the Monument for the Victims of FascismBehind the Opera House, next to the Duke Albrecht Palace, you can see the Monument Against War and Fascism (Mahnmal Gegen Krieg und Faschismus). The purpose of this monument is to remember the dark and difficult periods in the life of the Austrian nation and it is dedicated to the victims of World War II.
The monument against the war and Fascism was established in 1985 by the Austrian sculptor Alfred Hrdlicka, and it is not by accident that it is located here. In the course of air attacks in 1947, a building called "Philiphoff House" blew up in this place and took hundreds of victims.
The monument is constructed of various elements located in the square, including two white marble columns engraved with figures reflecting the suffering of the victims. The elements are made of granite taken from the area of the Mauthausen concentration camp. Another element that belongs to the monument is the tombstone, the Rock of the Republic. Note that the Declaration of Independence of Austria is engraved on it.