About Berlin’s Main Square and Its Massive Department StoreAlexander Square (Alexanderplatz) is a big square on the East side of Berlin. This square is a Berlin-style combination between the still present communist design, nearby modern luxury shops, and big chain brands that have sprung up in the recent years.
Alexanderplatz is a popular tourist destination in Berlin. All the public transportation in the city pass through the square, making it a great location for huge shopping centers, souvenirs shops, and many street artists and peddlers.
At the center of the square is the Berlin TV tower, one of the tallest buildings in Europe. Tourists are able to reach the top of the tower and enjoy the beautiful view of all Berlin and its surroundings. If you visit during high tourist season, you can take advantage of the long elevator wait and spend time wandering around the square.
Make sure to see the mechanical statute ‘The World Clock,’ which has been located in the square since the Eastern Germany days. The clock displays the time in different big cities around the world.
Near the square you can see the red City Hall of the Berlin municipality building.
Alexanderplatz History – Once this Place Was Used to Sell Meats!Up to the 18th century, the Alexanderplatz area was Berlin’s main cattle market. Changing the square’s name to ‘Alexanderplatz’ was on October 25th, 1805, when the city officials decided to honor the Russian Czar Alexander I, during his visit to Berlin.
At the end of the 19th century, a railway station was established there, and it became a main center for transportation. Pretty soon the area developed all around the station, turning the square into an extensive trading area with an active market.
At the time of the Weimar Republic in the 19920’s, Alexanderplatz alongside the Potsdamer Platz, became the center of Berlin’s nightlife. At the end of the 1920’s, Alexanderplatz was commemorated in the novel “Berlin, Alexanderplatz,” by novelist Alfred Dublin. The basis of this novel created the storyline for two movies, the first in 1930’s and the second in the 1980’s.
During World War II the square was heavily bombed, and was badly damaged. During the 1960’s it was renovated by the Eastern German government, and the square became the center of East Berlin. This is when the TV tower (The Fernsehturm) was added to the square, which was the second tallest tower in Europe.