About the Iconic Berlin Brandenburg GateThe Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor) has already known 800 historic years of fame, and has become one of the most important symbols for Germany and Berlin in particular. The Gate is located at Paris Square, not far from the Reichstag Gate, and is the last gate left from a series of gates that were used as entry ways into the city. This gate also stands in the spot where the Berlin Wall once divided East and West Berlin.
The gate is styled after the Propylaea style (a monumental gate building that was used as the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens, Greece). Just like the use of Propylaea to lead into the temple of the ancient world, is the same use of the Brandenburg Gate to lead into the most important city of the Kingdom of Prussia. Talking about architecture, the gate completely announced the entrance into the classical Berlin architecture age.
The gate was built between 1788 – 1791. Its height is 15 meters tall, 65.6 meters wide and 11 meters longs. It contains 12 columns each 15 meters tall, with a meter and a half diameter. Through here are five separate passageways, though only two were originally opened. Today the gate is for pedestrian use only.
The gate and fence symbolize freedom and unification, and today it is one of the most important locations in the city.
About the History of the Brandenburg GateThe gate was especially ordered by Frederick Wilhelm II, who was the King of Prussia and his mission was to symbolize peace. You can see his portrait on the German Euro coins.
In 1806, after the conquering of Berlin, Napoleon walked through the gate into Berlin and took with him the status above the gate, Quadriga
as a war prize. Napoleon transferred the statues to Paris.
In 1914 the war celebrations were celebrated around this gate.
In 1933 the Nazi’s walked through the gate in a march that symbolized the beginning of the darkest time in the history of Germany, what would lead to the destruction of the city and its division.
With the end of World War II the gate was badly damaged by bombings.
In 1987 the President of the United States Reagan visited Berlin, and gave a speech in front of the gate where he called the President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev, “if you are a man of peace, take down this wall.” After a wave of applause, in 1989 the Berlin Wall fell, and the gate became a symbol for the reunited Berlin. At the same time the gate also became a main location for different celebrations: New Year’s Eve, the Berlin Marathon, street markets and the Pride and Love Parade.
Between the years 200 and 2002 the gate went through extensive renovations, to the price of about 3 million dollars.
After the war the gate became a part of the wall dividing East and West Berlin, and also symbolized the city’s division.
In 2017, the gate was lite up by the pictures of the Israeli flags, to pay respect for the terror attack that had happened in Jerusalem the day before.
What Do You See in the Statue Above the Gate?The statues that is above the Brandenburg gate the Quadriga , is a horse carriage lead by four horses. On the carriage is the figure of the goddess of victory (Victoria), carrying an olive branch and riding to bring peace into the city. At the base of the statue you can see symbols of war and of the renovations that came after. The carriage was used in the ancient Olympic games in Greece and in carriage races in ancient Rome.
In 1806, after the conquering of Berlin, the statues was stolen by Napoleon and taken to Paris. It was returned to its rightful place only 8 years later, in 1814, with the olive branch having been replaced by a cross. This was also the reason for the difference in the status’s symbol – from a bringer of peace to a goddess of victory.