About the Memorial in Memory of the Many Jewish People Murdered by the NazisThe Holocaust Memorial (Denkmal Für Die Ermordeten Juden Europas), was built exactly where the office of the Nazi oppressor Hitler was once located. The monument is the main memorial in German for the commemoration of the Jewish victims of the Holocaust, and for the crimes against humanity committed by the Nazis.
The monument purposefully reminds us of a massive grave site, a sort of huge collection of graves and dark headstones, all different sizes, as if its designers wanted to say that everyone was murdered – men, women, and children.
The location of the memorial site, right at the center of Belin and near the Reichstag Gate, makes sure that no one can ignore it. Many people are not aware that under the memorial is an information center underground dedicated to conserving the Holocaust victims, with a multimedia presentation about the subject.
The designer of the Holocaust Memorial, who’s office name is “The Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe,” and spans over 19,000 square meters, is the Jewish American architect Peter Eisenman. He designed it as a field,, with 2,711 horizontal headstones, an older style of headstones, in columns and rows, creating mazes between the space, where one can stay and contemplate. Eisenman refused to explain the odd number of headstones, and said the number had no meaning.
About the Scandal Around the Holocaust MemorialBefore the memorial site was finished being built, a few scandals arose regarding it. This started criticism for its simple design, others complained about the absurd amount of space it would take up, some said that children run around and play at the site like a park, and there were groups who complained that the memorial needs to be in the memory of other groups also murdered by the Nazis.
But the most embarrassing moment brought up was that that the company for the coating of the pillars, Degusa, was found to have helda subsidiary company during World War II that produced that same Zyklon B type gas, used for the mass murders of Jews. The executives of this company were even tried for their part in the war.