This is the house where representatives of the Nazi administration gathered during the World War II and decided to implement the "Final Solution," the plan for the mass extermination of the European Jewry.
This was done in parallel to World War II. At the same time as waging World War II, the Nazi regime, all hatred and racism, devoted massive efforts and funds to the destruction of the Jewish people. Until then, the murder of the Jews took place at a rate that did not satisfy Hitler and the Nazi leaders. They wanted the killing to be done faster, bigger and more efficiently. They wanted the industrialization of the killing, and German efficiency in the liquidation of the Jewish people.
It was on January 20th, 1942, when 15 Nazi officials gathered at the Villa Wannsee to organize and streamline the program of transports and murder of European Jewry, the program that was born a year earlier and was dubbed the “Final Solution.”
The inconceivable contrast between the monstrous conference and the satanic decisions that were made on the that day, and the calm tranquility and enchanting lake view from the window, is hard and comprehend.
In the 1920’s, Villa Wannsee belonged to an anti-Semitic German industrialist who was an avid supporter of Hitler. In 1923 he volunteered the house for the planning of Hitler's famous 'Putsch' to overtake the Bavarian regime. The Putsch failed and Hitler went to jail. But the amazing thing is that from prison he emerged a famous figure, as the writer of the successful book "Mein Kampf", an anti-Semitic book full of evil and terrible ideological racism.
At the end of the 1930’s, the same industrialist found himself in debt and was thrown into jail. The Nazis were already in power at the time, and he, who needed money quickly, sold his villa to the Reich Security Office, which was then headed by his Nazi friend Reinhard Heydrich.
After the war and unlike the ruined Berlin, the house was preserved as it was. The villa remained closed and the pressure to turn it into a memorial site was not answered. The fact that some of the participants of the conference remained alive, apparently led to the German authorities to refrain from reminding the public of their actions.
Only in 1988 did the room where the terrible meeting was held was opened for visitors. Over the years, informational centers were also added to the house, as well as an exhibition, and a library on the Holocaust and the Final Solution. In the green park next to the house a memorial site was erected for the victims of that terrible meeting.
Both of Heydrich's goals in the conference were to receive official recognition of his position as the commander responsible for the deportation of European Jewry (which in effect was the destruction of the Jews), and coordinate and involve the various bodies in the ministries. All his goals were achieved, and all participants promised the full cooperation of the bodies they represented and headed.
Thus, the entire leadership of the Nazi regime became a partner to the most atrocious war crime in human history. The person who wrote the protocols for the conference was Adolf Eichmann.
The discussion here was about special issues, first up was the issue of deportation and the elimination of "mixed children," those who were Jews in half, or spouses, one of whom is Jewish. A decision on the matter was not decided here and was delayed to another meeting.
In preparation for the conference, Eichmann prepared a list of the number of Jews in all the European countries that the Nazis had conquered, or planned to conquer. There were over 2 million Jews in Poland, and 5 million Jews in the Soviet Union. Overall there were 11 million Jews the Nazis planned to destroy.
Those present discussed Hitler's directive to deport all European Jews to Eastern Europe. The protocol does not speak openly of annihilation, but of what the Nazis defined as forced labor in which, they hoped, most Jews would die. At the meeting it was hinted that none of the remaining Jews should be left alive, so that no seed would be left for the renewal of the Jewish people.
The conference protocol was duplicated and sent to all participants. Toward the end of the war, they all destroyed their copies. In the archives of the Foreign Office, one document was found in 1947, a copy that was left and was not destroyed, because its owner was in prison at the end of the war and could not destroy it.