As befits Jewish tradition, the museum is open only on weekdays. It describes the life of the 2,000-year-old Jewish community, one of the most ancient from around the world. The museum serves as an important source of historical material as well as a source of income for the Jewish community in Rome.
The museum was originally inaugurated in 1960, in a building adjacent to the synagogue, on the banks of the Tiber River. The museum has three rooms, each displaying a different exhibit of collections from five synagogues in the city. In the first room you can see historical documents and archeological findings. In the second room you will find religious objects and the latest Jewish artifacts.
Torah scrolls, cloths, Torah coverings, 14th century manuscripts, prayer books, Hanukkah menorahs and marble stones are just a few of the many items you can find here. The most impressive collection has items collected during the period of the ghetto of Rome, between the years 1555-1800. It remains unparalleled to this day.
Notice the two memorial tablets for those who perished in the wars of Italy and the various victims of the Holocaust, which stand at the entrance to the museum.
Many school tours are brought here from various schools in Rome. This is because it serves as a learning center for the city's public about the Jewish heritage.