About Europe's most Ancient MuseumSurrounding the square designed by Michelangelo, on the top of Capitoline Hill, you can see the whole of Capitoline museums. Among them is the Capitoline Museum (Museo Capitolino), which has existed here since 1471, which unequivocally renders it the most ancient museum in Europe.
In the 15th century the Capitoline Museum opened for the first time at Palazzo dei Conservatori. During the second half of the 16th century, a large collection of sculptures was added, and in 1654, when the construction of the "new palace," Palazzo Nuovo, was completed, the museum expanded.
There are unusual historical pieces of art here. Take a look at the interesting items: the ancient bronze sculptures that depict figures from mythology and Roman history, a collection of coins and medallions, beautiful mosaics and magnificent marble statues. There are paintings of important painters such as Caravaggio, Titian and others.
More Cool Artworks in the Capitoline MuseumSome of the most famous Italian art were exhibited here during the museum’s first year. Here are a couple important exhibits:
The Statue of Marcus Aurelius, mounted on his horse: this is the only surviving statue from the Era of the Roman Empire and of the emperor on horseback, in particular. This is the modern source for displaying rulers on horseback.
The Statue of Emperor Constantine: the emperor best known for his part in turning the Roman Empire Christian.
The most famous item in the Capitoline Museum in Rome is probably the statue of the Capitoline she-wolf feeding Remus and Romulus, who according to legend established the city of Rome in adulthood.
The statue of the wolf itself dates back to the 5th century BC. In the 16th century, the figures of the children Romulus and Remus, suckling milk from the wolf, were added to the statue. Over the years, it became one of the symbols of the city of Rome.