The Square Where Mussolini Made his SpeechesVia Veneto is one of the most famous streets in Rome, mainly due to its glamour. One of the reasons that made it such a famous street is Fellini's "La Dolce Vita," which describes the street and its surroundings. Ever since then, Via Veneto has become a popular tourist street where you can find luxury stores of leading brands, chef restaurants and luxury hotels.
The shops were established here in the 1960s and 1970s. In the 1980s, the reputation of the street actually declined. At the time of the economic boom of the 1990s, fashion shops and prestigious European and American brands opened again, and by the beginning of the 21st century it was one of the most luxurious streets in Rome.
At its northern edge the street passes by the gardens of Villa Borghese and the Aurelian Walls. At its south edge, it passes near Piazza Barberini.
Venice Square, also known as Piazza Venezia, is located at the foot of Capitoline Hill and near the Roman Forum. To this day, it is considered the main square of modern Rome.
Once, the "Field of Mars," was located here. This was the place for military training of the Roman army.. The palace was built in the 15th century and was the first great Renaissance building of Rome.
During the reign of Mussolini, who lived in the palace of Venice, it served as a meeting place, a place for gathering the people and giving passionate speeches. The speeches delivered by dictator Mussolini in the square were then transmitted all over Italy by radio and loud speakers in other squares. This was also a departure point for parades such as the Blackshirts, the military wing of the Fascist Party.
The office used by Mussolini is closed to tourists today, except for occasional tours. Its name originated from the palace beside it - Venice Palace.
Although the square is located at the center of major transportation routes, private transportation is limited and there are no traffic lights. That's why during the rush hours, you can see a policeman on a stand at the center of the square, directing the traffic just like the road. His movements are theatrical but amusing, making order in the midst of the commotion. You are invited to photograph it.
Today there is also a Palazzo Venezia (a museum) in the square with medieval works of art.