Once, the "Field of Mars," was located here. This was the place for military training of the Roman army. The palace was built in the 15th century and was the first great Renaissance building of Rome.
During the reign of Mussolini, who lived in the palace of Venice, it served as a meeting place, a place for gathering the people and giving passionate speeches. The speeches delivered by dictator Mussolini in the square were then transmitted all over Italy by radio and loud speakers in other squares. This was also a departure point for parades such as the Blackshirts, the military wing of the Fascist Party.
The office used by Mussolini is closed to tourists today, except for occasional tours. Its name originated from the palace beside it - Venice Palace.
Although the square is located at the center of major transportation routes, private transportation is limited and there are no traffic lights. That's why during the rush hours, you can see a policeman on a stand at the center of the square, directing the traffic just like the road. His movements are theatrical but amusing, making order in the midst of the commotion. You are invited to photograph it.
Today there is also the Palazzo Venezia, a museum in the square with medieval works of art.