The Tokyo Stock Exchange is Japan's largest stock exchange and one of the largest in the world. According to one of the indexes, it was in 2010 the third largest stock exchange in the world.
The Tokyo Stock Exchange Building is located in the business district of Tokyo's Chuō District. If you are a fan of stocks, economics and bonds, you will be interested in the place where you trade banking securities of one of the world's most important economies. Japan is experiencing quite a few difficulties these days, but in the past the Japanese people were able to escape bigger troubles more than once.
The Tokyo Stock Exchange was established in 1878, with trade beginning on June 1 of that year. In 1943, at the peek of the World War II, 10 stock exchanges from all Japan were combined with a single Japanese stock exchange. In 1945, towards the end of World War II, trading on the Tokyo Stock Exchange ceased for reorganization. That was after the nuclear bombs were dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki and Japan surrendered to the United States.
In 1949, after four years of suspension, the Tokyo Stock Exchange reopened. In the 1980's, and especially since 1983, this stock exchange's activity accelerated in an unprecedented manner. The success was so great that in 1990 it invested no less than 60% of the capital in the global stock market as a whole. Japan's economy was at its peak at the time, and its stock exchange, accordingly, was the largest in the world.
During the 1990's, the Tokyo Stock Exchange's activity declined steeply and in 2010 its ranking fell to third place in the world.