The museum is divided into two sections. The prehistoric part focuses on the Neolithic times. The historic part focuses on different cultures that developed here in the past, with a strong emphasis on the Neolithic culture, beginning western cultures, and the Roman cultures.
Among the interesting findings displayed here, be sure not to miss the beautiful mosaics with Greek mythology references. There are also statues, jewelry, coins, written tablets, vases, pottery and stone cylinders.
Most of the collection items and the archeological items displayed here were found in digs conducted around Chania and the region around the town. These ruins are from ancient villages that used to surround the town, during the Neolithic and Roman periods.
The museum is housed inside the Franciscan Church that is just beautiful, from the 16th century. Some say that this special building, the Church of Saint Francis, was operating during the Venetian rule, and it is another reason to visit this museum.