At 130 meters above sea level, the Montmartre Hill is the highest in Paris. The definition of the name Montmartre is "Mount of the Martyrs", because of the belief that a number of saints were executed on the hill like St. Denis. During the French revolution they tried to change the hill's name to "Montmart", after the name of Jean-Paul Marat, one the revolutions leaders who was murdered. However, the name didn't catch on and it remains as is.
In 1534, the monastery of the Jesuit Order was established in Montmartre, where monks grew vineyards and made wine. On the slopes of the hill there was a small village with wineries and windmills that supplied the flour to Paris.
The comfortable housing prices, the abundance of wine and the right atmosphere attracted intellectuals, creators and artists. The hill became vibrant with life and became an attractive place with lively nightlife and a place for various kinds of entertainment.
The main square in the area, Place du Tertre, is full of tourists every day and night, you can find dozens of portrait artists, caricaturists, street artists and tourists visiting their booths, restaurants and cafes. At the home of artist Maurice Utrillo you will find the Montmartre Museum, which displays the district's past artists creations.