General Napoleon ordered the erection of the Arc de Triomphe in 1806 to glorify the names of those who fought for France during the French Revolution and during the wars of his time. However, the construction of the Arc de Triomphe ended only thirty years later, in 1836, years after Napoleon's death.
Many pictures and many figures of Parisian history were associated with this gate. The gate became a permanent point from which the victorious military parades emerge after successes, and the annual military parade on Bastille Day. Even after the victory of the French in World War I, a parade was held in the Champs-Elysées to celebrate the victory over the Germans.
At the base of the Arc de Triomphe is a small museum, which reviews the history of the gate's construction, as well as the heroism of Napoleon.
From the balcony of the building, located at a height of fifty meters, you can see the 12 avenues that split off from it. This is an excellent vantage point for Paris. Although the climb involves climbing about two hundred steps, the view from the edge is a worthy reward.
The historic route is a route of sculptures, buildings and roads that pass through central Paris towards the west. The route is also called "the road of victory" and "the royal road". The starting point of the route is the statue "Louis XIV on Horseback" located at Napoleon Square in the Louvre. The route begins in the first district and ends in the eighth district of the city.
The construction of the route began alongside construction for the Avenue des Champs-Elysées in the 17th century, designed by the gardener of Louis XIV, André Le Nôtre. The construction approach was similar to the planning of French gardens built in the palace of Versailles. After changes over the years, it was only in the 20th century that the route became as familiar as it is today. From there the historic route of Paris continues to the small Arc de Triomphe, the Place de la Concorde, the Avenue des Champs-Elysées, the Grand Arc de Triomphe and the Paris 2000 area, La Défense.
Even under the Arc de Triomphe there is such a grave. The bones of soldier buried during World War I were transferred to the site on the day of the armistice (the day the cease-fire came into effect in World War I) in 1920. In memory of these anonymous soldiers, the eternal flame is lit for an indefinite period. The eternal flame was lit for the first time in an official ceremony in 1920, and each year a ceremony is held on November 11, the day the war ended.
The coffin was placed in the chapel at the top of the arch on November 10, 1920, and was buried six months later. On the grave is written in French: "Here is the burial of French soldiers who fell for their homeland 1914-1918." The truth is that the French government intended to bury the anonymous soldiers in the Pantheon, but following public protests it was decided to bury them under the Arc de Triomphe. In 1961, US President John F. Kennedy and his wife placed a wreath on the grave, together with the French President Charles de Gaulle. Following Kennedy's murder in 1963, his wife Jacquelyn Kennedy asked that her husband be buried with an eternal flame, similar to the one she had seen in the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Paris, and so her wish was granted.
A friese is an architectural element originating in ancient Greek architecture. The friese is the thickest layer of the entablature, the upper part of the structure above the columns. It is located above the architrave and below the carnation and the gamelon. The friese is one of the horizontal layers that appear on the typical facade of classical and neo-classical structures. In some cases these frieses will be decorated with stone decorations intended to convey a message, a historical or religious story.
The dimensions of the friese in classical construction vary but are proportional to the other components.