The tower was designed and built by French engineer Gustav Eiffel. Today it seems an inseparable part of the city, but the truth is that the tower was a source of controversy and drew a lot of criticism from many Parisian artists and intellectuals. These critics argued that the industrial and modular structure was not suitable for the city's architecture. The criticizing group called itself the "Three Hundred Committee" (according to the height of the tower) and claimed that it was a black smoke chimney that would light its barbarity onto the delicate French statues. The resistance was so great that the writer Guy de Mopsan used to eat his meals at the tower's restaurant by himself. His argument was that "this is the only place in Paris where you cannot see the Eiffel Tower."
Despite the controversy, the tower has returned its investments in construction within 1 year of being opened, only from the sale of entry tickets. Originally, the tower was to be dismantled after 20 years (in 1909), but due to the tremendous success among visitors to Paris, the decision was made to keep it.
The Eiffel Tower was built at the height of the Industrial Revolution. Its components can be seen in several references: the use of steel, the clean construction of stained glass and decorations, and the decorative-industrial design. The base of the tower is made up of four gates that combine into high stability on the one hand and flexibility on the other. This combination is what allows the tower to deal with strong winds. The arches also contribute to the unique appearance of the tower. The elevators in the tower are also special. They are based on a hydraulic mechanism that places safety before speed and therefore the elevators are rather slow. This mechanism was considered very advanced for it time.
Eiffel was a creator during the industrial Revolution, which explains the big impact on his work. He was impacted by the growing need for public transportation - as a result of the city's urbanization processes and transitions of people. This exposed Eiffel to diverse materials from different parts of the world.
Eiffel was one of the pioneers that used steel - a new material in the building sector in his time. Eiffel used steel bars as both constructive and decorative elements. He designed the steel interior of the Statue of Liberty, and gained fame by his many various designs. In 1887 he was invited to build the Eiffel Tower. The building was actually built for the international exhibit that took place in Paris in 1889, celebrating 100 years for the French Revolution.
During its construction, the Eiffel Towerwas the tallest building in the world, and it took a great deal of courage on part of Eiffel to build such a structure. Each element in the building was meticulously designed by him for about a year and a half, until construction itself began.
On the tower itself are engraved the names of 72 engineers, scientists and French mathematicians in recognition of their contribution to the construction of the tower. The decision was made by Eiffel, due to concerns about protests against the tower, and were engraved on the sides of the tower under the lower balcony.
Gustave Eiffel's career lasted 30 years. He died on December 27, 1923 at the age of 91.
However the Eiffel Tower is a Parisian symbol, and without a doubt one of the most famous buildings in the world. It was originally supposed to be built in Barcelona, for the world Expo, but because lack of funding the building was delayed, and only 10 years later it was built in Paris, for the world Expo of 1889. It was originally planned to remain for 20 years, before being destroyed, by the end of that timeline however the building was so loved by Parisians and tourists that it stayed. It is ironic because during the building's first 2 years, many demanded its dismantling for its lack of beauty.
The Eiffel Tower has no less than 1,665 steps, and on a good day you can have visibility of 70 kilometers!
The designer and architect of the tower was Gustave Eiffel, a genius engineer who had many other important projects in France, especially in building steel bridges. The tower's height is 324 meters, and up to 1930 the Eiffel Tower was the tallest building in the world.
By the way, the expensive construction price was returned by money profited from entrance tickets to the exhibition already at the end of the first year!
To understand first what happens when darkness descends on the "City of Lights," the Eiffel Tower became a spectacular display of gilded lights, using no fewer than 336 powerful projectors. Starting from sunset until 1 am, 20,000 LED lights glitter on the tower every 5 minutes.
According to the official website of the tower, the lighting is under copyright and brand rights, and in order to use images where the tower appears at night there must be approval from the company operating the Eiffel Tower. According to the company, the tower itself is public, but night lighting is a kind of art and the use of this art by photography or distribution is strictly prohibited.
As a result, on the first day of the occupation, the Nazi soldiers had to climb the tower all the way to the top floor to hoist the Nazi flag at the top of the tower. The flag was so big and heavy that it ripped and flew away with the wind a few hours later. It was replaced by a smaller flag.
The Eiffel Tower remained intact during the war, mainly because it lacked strategic targets for bombing. Nevertheless, towards the end of the war and the surrender of Germany, Hitler gave an order to destroy the tower along with the rest of the city. However, General von Choltitz refused to carry out the order.
On August 24, 1944, the French tri-color flag was placed on the top of the Eiffel Tower as a symbol of victory and Paris's freedom. It was created from three separate sheets sown together.