The train from Jaffa to Jerusalem began in the late 19th century, after a process of almost 50 years of convincing the Sultan to approve this plan and to actualize it. This line is destined to become the first form of transportation in Israel, and in the region between Turkey and Egypt, that will replace camels as a form of transportation for heavy and long destinations.
At the end of the British mandate that station was being used mainly for military purposed, a military that built a camp, lead trainings, and transferred armor to Britain, during their evacuation of Israel. It was used until the eruption of the War of Independence.
After the establishment of Israel, the station was neglected for many years. Lately, the city of Tel Aviv has renovated the complex and expanded it, as entertainment and going out area. The restorations and renovations put an emphasis on preserving the original design and decorations on the historic buildings, and part of the railway line was restored. There are now 22 buildings from different time periods, all this on 20,000 square meters.
It took the French company two years to build the railway line. With its completion, in 1892, the official age of trains began in Israel. In a grand ceremony that was held in the Jerusalem station, the new line was opened, and the symbol for the start of the ceremony was the train's arrival from Jaffa. This is the time when a name was found and declared to "all new transportations" arriving to Israel. It turns out that Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, the revivalist of the Hebrew language, proposed the name "Rakevet" for the locomotive and the caravans that it pulls.
The price of a trip to Jerusalem in those days was 50 Qirsh in the fancy first class, and 30 Qirsh in the economy. And who didn't ride it? From pilgrims and tourists, to merchants and residents who traveled to the holy places or visited relatives in Jerusalem and in cities like Lod and Ramle, along the road. The entourage of the German Kaiser Wilhelm II also found itself traveling in a car that was specially decorated for this purpose and of course - the most famous traveler - the Visionary of Israel, Theodor Herzl.
On the eve of the first World War, almost 200,000 travelers rode the train, along with 50,000 tons of goods.