About the Street that Illustrates the White City, the International Style and the BauhausRothschild Boulevard in Tel Aviv is a prestigious street in the city. In recent years, the long avenue has become one of the most important arteries of cultural and social life in Tel Aviv.
On one end there are the Habima National Theater and the Mann Auditorium, the home of the excellent Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, and on the other side is Independence Hall, where the establishment of the State of Israel was declared - you cannot miss it. But on this street, interesting things are happening all the time.
Rothschild Boulevard is also an architectural exhibition of houses built in the international style, or the Bauhaus style. On a walking tour of the boulevard we will see examples of different houses in this style, which were built in Tel Aviv from the 1930's.
About the Social ProtestIn recent years, Rothschild Boulevard has become the prestigious and arrogant heart of the young and fun-loving Tel Aviv. The real estate here has become terribly expensive, and today only the rich manage to survive.
This is probably why in 2011 many young people went to Rothschild Boulevard and began the largest social protest in the history of the State of Israel. On this avenue they lived for months in tents and makeshift houses built for them and protested against inequality in the State of Israel. This protest changed the consciousness of Israeli society forever.
The White City Architecture on Rothschild BoulevardApart from an active and pulsating street, Rothschild Boulevard is also an impressive architectural exhibition of international style construction. A walking tour of the boulevard will introduce you with some of the most beautiful buildings in the white city of Tel Aviv of the 1930's.
Many of the houses on Rothschild Boulevard were built from the 1930's. The modern style, then born in the German school of architecture, the Bauhaus school, burst out of Germany into the world of architecture. Some of the graduates were German Jews and some came from Palestine to study there. They also came to young Tel Aviv, where they built about 4,000 houses in the international style, Bauhaus, and later turned it into an architectural museum of the Bauhaus style.
Among the architects of the White City were Zeev Rechter, Arieh Sharon, Averbuch and Dov Carmi.
Bauhaus style houses can be identified in their typically square shape, using basic geometrical shapes, including long, narrow windows and round balconies. The Bauhaus houses have a lot of asymmetries and often designers have incorporated modern features from the industrial machinery, such as rounded facades or round windows reminiscent of the windows of the ships.
Due to the climate differences between Germany and the Holy Land, the architects in Tel Aviv adapted the Bauhaus to the Middle East. Unique characteristics have been introduced here, most of which are designed to overcome the heat of the sun and increase the natural fusion of homes. The Tel Aviv architects designed the houses so that they would have natural ventilation, depending on the direction of the wind. They greatly increased the windows in Tel Aviv, compared to those built in Europe. Above them they added awnings that made a shadow. On the roofs of houses in Tel Aviv, they often planned pergolas, which allowed for a pleasant breeze to sit on the roof and even a cozy sleeping place on hot nights.
In addition, the large balconies were added for residents to sit outside the apartments, away from the steaming Tel Aviv apartments in summer. The balconies also opened the houses to the street and connected the people. All of these have contributed quite a lot to the creation of an open Israeli society that creates contact and belonging between people and involves everyone in everyone's lives, for better or for worse.