About the Square of Celebration and Sadness in Tel AvivRabin Square is the most important square of Tel Aviv and without a doubt the most famous square in Israel. Here, all the most important demonstrations for the state's existence have been held for many years. Here they protest against government decisions. Here, politicians are called upon to resign, and here they celebrate great victories in sports, elections and more.
The square is shaped like a rectangle. The elevated plaza in the northern part connects the square to the city hall. Sometimes it is used for speeches, while there are rallies in the square as well.
In the southern side of the square you can see the Holocaust and Rebirth Monument, the work of the famous sculptor Yigal Tumarkin. The shape of the monument is of a pyramid standing on its head and it is made of rusty iron and glass.
The square, which is located in front of the Tel Aviv-Jaffa municipality building, was formerly called Malkhei Yisrael Square. The change of the name was decided after the assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. The murder was carried out by an Israeli who was part of a group of conspirators at the end of a peace rally in which Rabin participated on November 4, 1995.
There are annual events in the square such as the Hebrew Book Week and the Four Species Fair. In addition, demonstrations were held in 1990 and called for changes in Israeli politics. The "Four Hundred Thousand Demonstration" was held in protest against the events of Sabra and Shatila in 1982, and according to media estimates, it contained 400,000 people, which is considered the largest demonstration in the country's history.
About Rabin's Murder in the SquareOn November 4, 1995, at 9:42 pm, a political assasination was took place here that no one had anticipated it . At the square, a rally was held in support of the peace process conducted by the supporters of Rabin and his government in order to strengthen their hands in the Oslo agreement they had made with the Palestinians.
At the end of the rally Yitzhak Rabin was murdered by an assassin. A few moments before, just before the end of the rally, all the participants sang "A Song for Peace." After the murder, the words of the song, stained with blood, were found in his shirt and became a symbol.
On the northern side of the town hall, where Rabin was assassinated, a monument was erected in his memory.
The ramifications of the murder on the political situation in Israel were very significant and many see it as the breaking point in the relations between right and left wings in Israel. It took place after a period in which the public atmosphere was particularly turbulent, due to the signing of the Oslo Accords and the subsequent attacks. The right saw the government and its leaders as those whose policies led to attacks and strongly opposed this policy. The rift between left and right in the country was getting worse and the murder was its climax.