The market is spread over many long alleyways, that cross the Old City and crisscross through the different Quarters of the Old City - The Christian Quarter, Muslim Quarter, and the Armenian Quarter.
The market has different areas, some are more tourist-oriented, while others are more for the local residents. Each market sells the typical market products. There are souvenirs, Eastern products, and in the touristy sections, more fruits and vegetables, different food stalls, clothes, furniture, phones, and electronics.
The Queen of Jerusalem during the Crusader period, the Queen Melizende, made big changes in the market's structure, when she divided the Cardo into three thin and parallel markets. The Queen also added stylish roofing over the entire market.
Since Jerusalem has be reunited with the Old City in the Six Day War of 1967, the market was renovated and modernized a few times. It was tiled, painted, shop doors painted over in blues and greens, and the overhead arches were reinforced.
If in previous centuries pilgrims reported in their writings about very bad smells and harsh hygiene in the Jerusalem market, today's market is clean and almost completely odor free.