The Flagellation Church was built on the ruins of an ancient church that was destroyed and was designed in 1929 by Berluzzi. It has beautiful stained glass windows where several events took place on the Via Dolorosa. See the bouquet of thorns on the head of Jesus, combined with the entrance to the church, the mosaic floor, and the dome.
From the New Testament:
"Then he took the plates of them and gave them to the scoundrels, and the men of the tribe sang together a bundle of thorns, and put them on his head, and wrapped him in a band of garlands. And they said: 'Peace be upon you, the king of the Jews,' and they laid him upon my cheek" (John 19:1-2).
The Church of the Flagellation and the Church of Compulsion of the Cross are located in one compound belonging to the Franciscan Order. The Archaeological Museum of the Franciscan School of Bible is also located in the complex.