The Mishkenot neighborhood is located near the Yamin Moshe neighborhood, right across from the Old City, at the well-known Hagai area. This is the famous Ben Hinnom Valley. Here, during the age of the monarchies, terrible rituals of sacrificing young children to kings were made here, part of the pagan patron ceremonies that the Jews were enthusiastic about.
Mishkenot was built in the Ottoman period, above what is called the Sultan's Pool. It was built at the initiative of the British-Jewish philanthropist Sir Moses Montefiore, a man of many projects in Jerusalem, of which quite a few neighborhoods are named after him. The neighborhood was finished in 1860, what many do not know, is the fact it was all built from the annexes of the estate of a rich man from New Orleans, named Yehuda Tura.
Montefiore, the living spirit in the establishment of the neighborhood and a big donor for the cause, devoted himself at that time, with all his heart, to promoting industry in the Land of Israel. In addition to the flour mill, he also built a textile factory and a printing press and initiated other projects designed to enable Jews in Jerusalem outside the walls to earn a livelihood and advance economic security for the future.
Many today know the windmill built by Montefiore in Mishkenot, and this is one of the symbols of the new Jerusalem. Indeed, this neighborhood was one of the first development projects in the new city of Jerusalem at that time. Its establishment symbolized the beginning of the era of "leaving the Old City walls" of Jerusalem.
Apart from the symbolic flour mill, the houses of Mishkenot now have conference centers, a music center and guesthouses. This was done after renovation and preservation at a very high level while preserving the quality and safety of the ancient buildings.
Next to Mishkenot is the Yamin Moshe neighborhood, which also joined the new neighborhoods outside the walls of Jerusalem and, surprisingly, is named after Sir Moses Montefiore.