Christian tradition states that here were the last events of Jesus' life, his crucifixion, his burial, and his resurrection. All of them are described in chapter 19 in the Book of John.
The place was once an open garden outside the city and was called "Golgotha Hill." Golgotha means skull in Aramaic. This is where they executed and buried Jesus. This hill located to the west was outside the wall during Jesus's time. At the end of the Second Temple period, after the crucifixion of Jesus, the Golgotha was also surrounded by the third wall and placed inside the wall itself. The identification of the hill today is uncertain.
When the Roman city of Aelia Capitolina was built in Jerusalem, during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian, the temple was built over Aphrodite's Temple. In the 4th century CE, the mother of Emperor Constantine identified the cross on which Jesus was crucified and the Romans built the Church of Resurrection here.