The museum was founded in 1934 and was named after Professor Allard Pierson, who was the first lecturer of archeology at the University of Amsterdam. Many of the items he collected over the years were acquired by the university after his death and are now exhibited here at the Allard Pierson Museum. Here are the plaster replicas he collected, sculptures and architectural elements from the Middle East, Greece and Italy. Other artifacts discovered by other archeology lecturers are also exhibited here, such as archaeologist Jan Six, are also on display at the museum.
Despite the museum's interest in archeology, it has a lot of experience in presenting innovation and connections to the 21st century. The renovations made here bring innovation, while trying to preserve the historical structure and authenticity. Beyond displays and permanent exhibits, there are also temporary exhibitions that change from time to time.