About the MuseumThe museum is a branch of the main Hermitage Museum located in Russia. It is located in an ancient building built in 1681, the Hamstelhof building. The building was designed by the city's architect Hans Petersom and included a cellar, two floors and an attic. Originally, it served as a nursing home for women only and later men also joined (in 1719).
In the early 1990's, the director of the Hermitage Museum in Russia proposed the establishment of another branch in Western Europe. The choice of Amsterdam was due to the similarity between the two cities (St. Petersburg and Amsterdam). It was decided to stop the operation of the old-age home and to turn the building into educational purposes.