About the ZooThe Artis Zoo, is among the most impressive in Europe, it hosts more than 6,000 different animals. It is located in the center of Amsterdam, and is a favorite tourist attraction. This is the oldest zoo in Holland, and was established in 1838 by Gerardus Frederik Westerman, and has been continuously running since then. The zoo is indoors, and therefore it is a perfect attraction on a rainy or winter day.
Due to its historical significance, the zoo looks and feels as it did back in the 19th century. This is also why the zoo is so small and compact when compared to more modern zoos with vast areas that we know today.
At the zoo entrance you will see to golden eagle statue that will warmly greet you. As you walk around the zoo, you will see many other statues.
The name of the museum, Artis, is a shortcut for the museum's name - Natura Artis Magistra. This translates to - nature is the guide for art. Which is true. The zoo educates and teaches with its botanical gardens, exciting tropical plants, geology museum, and planitarium.
What Can Be Seen at the Zoo?In the Amsterdam Zoo there are about 700 species of animals, including reptiles, birds, fish and mammals. Look here at the impressive family of cats - including tigers, panthers and lions. The birds also take a significant part in the festive and colorful atmosphere of the garden.
Take note of the impressive monkey rock, a huge rock of small Japanese macaque monkeys that draw attention because of the games and tricks they perform.
The zoo has a planetarium that screens the night sky to vistors, and shows the interesting movements. This is how parents and children are able to go on an andventure together. The zoo has two additional museums: geological and zoological, and a greenhouse with 45 types of butterflies.
In the zoological garden is a botanical garden with Dutch trees and plants, as well as those from around the world. The zoological gardens also have buildings and greenhouses that display plants from tropical areas that need heat to survive, and not to the cool climate of Amsterdam. Exhibitions presented at the Zoological Museum describes the relationship between humans and the natural world and the influence of man on nature. You can also see skeletons of animals, photographs and illustrations.
In the geological museum you can see gemstones crystals and fossils. In addition, the evolution of life on Earth and dinosaur fossils.
The Amsterdam Zoo has an aquarium, that was built on swampy and difficult ground. Because of the complex construction, 1,740 wooden pillars were needed, to build the aquarium. In 1888, with the construction coming towards an end, the tank was filled with a million liters of salt waters, and was opened to the public two years later.