In the years following its construction, from 1892-1942 it served as a theater. Jewish actors appeared before a Jewish audience. After World War II, the theater was planned to turn it into a movie theater, but because of its important historical significance it became a memorial site. The facade of the building was preserved just as it had been in the past, but the main hall had become an open courtyard. The remains of the surrounding walls were preserved and a flame was always placed in memory of the victims.
On the first floor of the building you can see an exhibition on the persecution of Dutch Jews during the war. One of the most fascinating exhibits is a video, showing a Jewish wedding held while the bride, groom and all the guests carry a yellow badge on their clothes, before they knew what they meant. On the second floor you can participate in significant educational activities.