About the SquareThe heart of the capital of the Netherlands and the center of all tourists and visitors in Amsterdam is the popular Dam Square. It is located in the center of the old city and in fact consists of two squares united that became one. Although we have become accustomed to identifying circle-shaped square, Dam Square is actually square, about 200 meters long (east to west) and 100 meters wide (north to south). It is close to the famous Red Light District and 750 meters south of Amsterdam's main train station.
In the square you can visit the Wax Museum, one of Madame Tussauds' famous network of museums. Among other things you can also see the "De Biencorp" (one of Amsterdam's largest and most famous shopping centers). Not only is the square so appealing, its diverse attractions, such as an impressive giant ferriswheel, food stalls, shops, restaurants, cafe and hotels, attract tourists from all corners of the city. The fairs, the street performances and the theater in which they works, do the job.
Every year, on New Year's Eve thousands of visitors and locals gather to celebrate the countdown and New Year's Eve celebrations.
What About the Square?At the western end of the square you can see the royal palace that was used from 1655 as a town hall and became a palace in 1808. To this day the palace serves the Queen when she visits the Hague, her thrown.
On the north side of the square you will see the new church built in the 15th century.
On the eastern side of the square is a national monument (obelisk at a height of 22 meters). The monument was erected in 1956 in memory of the underground movement and soldiers who fell during World War II.
The Square's NameThe name Dam, as you can imagine, gave the square received its name because of other historical uses.
In the past, where the busy square now stands, there was a dam on the Amstel River. It was built in 1270 and on either side were the first houses that symbolized the establishment of Amsterdam. With the expansion of the dam over the years, the square on which you stand today has developed. Today of course, you will not be able to see it anymore because the dam is no longer there.