It is only 62 meters high, but the Galata Tower is still one of the most prominent buildings on the northern skyline of Istanbul. You can go up and view from the balcony at the base of the dome, the Golden Horn, the old city and the magnificent view of Istanbul. The magnificent view offers 360 degrees to the city and its surroundings and is especially beautiful in the afternoon and evening.
In addition to the observation point, there is also a restaurant and a nightclub at the top of the Galata Tower. So what became a viewpoint at the Galata, became a clear observation point for tourists who were amazed by the view of Istanbul.
The tower is located in the medieval Genoa neighborhood. It is an area in a city that was once known as a difficult and poor area, with quite a bit of crime and violence. Today, it has undergone significant change and is considered one of Istanbul's entertainment attractions.
The next significant time it was rebuilt was in the 14th century. This construction, in 1348, was in the hands of Italians. It was then built in the heart of the merchants' colony that was here. They came here from Genoa, Italy, and the tower served as the northernmost defensive site on the walls of the city.
During the Ottoman period, the tower was used for various purposes, including a warning observation of fires during certain periods, during the days of Sultan Suleiman as a prison, and in the 16th century during the reign of Murad III as a star observatory.
In the modern era, the tower has ceased to be relevant to the city's security. In the 1960's, the Galata Tower became a tourist center, and in 1990 it was renovated and opened to the general public. Today it is especially known for its pointed shape and its balcony, which has a great view of the Old City and the Golden Horn, the magnificent bay that emerges from the Bosporus.
It is not clear how true these legends are, but history backs up some of them. Zaraphan Ahmet Chalabi was indeed a scientist from the Ottoman Empire of the early 17th century, who lived during the reign of Sultan Murad IV. He was doing his experiments on the flight right here. At one point, the adventurous pilot tried to fly from this tower toward the Oscoder. He did use artificial wings. Some report that he failed and was forced to land an emergency landing, while others say he reached to the other side of the Bosphorus.
In any case, the Sultan appreciated the achievement of the Turkish Icarus, and awarded him a large money prize. Under the influence of clerics and an attempt to prevent others from imitating the bold pilot, he exiled the pilot to Algeria.
It is possible, then, that the Ottoman scientist who preceded the Wright Brothers and even the Mongolians in the study of aviation, succeeded in flying with his muscles and wings made from the feathers of an eagle, to a considerable distance.
The evidence for this appears in a book by historian and traveler named Evia Chalabi, a man who is skeptical about his descriptions, especially because he tends to exaggerate and give details that have no factual support. But the Turks believe in the matter and the name of their aviation pioneer is now called the Zaraphan airport in Istanbul. Much respect!