The museum contains one of the world's richest collections of archaeological artifacts and historical treasures. These are arranged in chronological order. They are divided into three parts, each containing archaeological finds from one of the ancient cultures that existed in today's Turkey. The largest of these is the section dedicated to the ancient Greek period. Most of these archaeological finds were discovered in southeast Turkey and in Asia Minor in the Anatolia region, the same peninsula in western Asia and southern Turkey.
It is worthwhile to see these important items in the museum:
"Alexander the Great's Sarcophagus" - the coffin found in 1887 in Sidon. Researchers believe it was prepared for Alexander the Great.
Table Kadesh - which marks the agreement between Ramses and the Hittite Empire, after the famous battle.
Gezer Table - An ancient tablet found in the Land of Israel, listing the names of the Jewish calendar months.
Siloam Inscription - describing the story of the quarrying of the Siloam tunnel in Jerusalem during the Hezekiah period.
Temple Warning Inscription.
At that time, three museums, which still operate today, were erected by order of the Sultan and in the area of the Topkapi Palace. These museums are the Archaeology Museum, the Museum of the Ancient Near East and the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts. The latter, by the way, is located in a building built in the 15th century by the Sultan Mehmet II, for the Museum of Islamic Art.
It was not a simple task to fill these excellent museums with all the finds from all over Turkey. In order to preserve most of the past, the Sultan ordered all provincial governors to send findings to the museum. Today, many years after the order was implemented completely, it is clear how important it was to create a situation in which Turkey preserves and correctly presents its past.
Opening Hours: Tuesday - Sunday 9:30 am - 5:00 pm.
It is worth planning in advance the visit here, because the museum is very large.