This transporting square and the school nearby are located right near the freight train station, and this is how it became the worst place of all, for the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto and the whole area. Some called this square "the square of the disappeared," those who understood that the Jews who are led out this way were not coming back.
After concentrating the people here, most of the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto were sent from Umschlagplatz to death camps. In contrasting irony, the square was located between the Jewish Hospital-who worked to save lives, and the Gestapo headquarters-the ones in charge of the killings during the Holocaust.
The word Umschlagplatz in German means a place of transfer. The square for concentrating Jews to the death camps was presented as a place to transport Jews to a new settlement around Europe, which of course was a Nazi deception.
The square was also nicknamed "Delivery Square," a name given to it before the war, since the square was the only place where Jews were allowed to hand over goods, that is, to exchange them with the rest of the city's non-Jewish residents. The trading continued into the war and in parallel to the deportation of the Jews to the extermination camps.
The site today is a wall that serves as a symbolic tombstone, written on in Polish, Yidish and Hebrew, and recognizes the historic spot. Here "the memory path for the murdered," which starts at the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes and ends in Umschlagplatz. All along the path are blocks of black stones with names of many of the murdered.