This fort is located in the north of the Old City, in the past it was in front of the city gate, and has remained among the only remains of the historic fortification system that surrounded Warsaw until the beginning of the modern area. In the past there was a Gothic bridge here, and only a few small remains are left, it protected the Barbican.
Years later, long after the protection of the Barbican was used, the Hanging man of the Old City (Stare Miasto) lived here.
When German planes bombarded Warsaw during World War II, the Barbican got damaged but managed to survive. Towards the end of the war, in the Warsaw Uprising, the Barbican was destroyed completely.
Years later, in 1967, the Barbican was rebuilt. Reb bricks were used to build the new Barbican in the Gothic style, that were brought from destroyed houses around Poland. Impressive architects were involved in the reconstruction and used drawings by Bernardo Bellotto for reference, who was the last official Royal painter in Poland. Bellotto's paintings were also the basis for many of the home reconstructions that went on in Warsaw after the war.
In the Barbican are historical displays and souvenir shops. By walking around the grounds of the Barbican, you will find pleasant gardens with a variety of colors and plants. Right in front of the Barbican, not far away, is a cafe with Polish traditional dishes, and a square with street artists.
Until the 15th-century Barbicans were very popular, but innovations that were made to the fort itself and artillery (such as cannons), significantly decreased the usage of Barbicans. Slowly less and less were built, with the last ones ever built in the 16th century.