The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest in the Jewish ghettos established during the Holocaust in Poland. At its peak, some 450,000 people lived here. It existed from the fall of 1940 until the spring of 1943.
Conditions in the Ghetto were harsh and threatening. Poverty, starvation and disease, terrible overcrowding in the small apartments where several families were crammed, the loss of privacy, more and more Jews were gradually taken to the death camps. The poverty and lack of everything brought young children between the ages of 7 and 13, who were small enough to go through holes and cracks, to sneak into Warsaw to smuggle food from the "Aryan" Warsaw in exchange for little trinkets or money, with the Gestapo soldiers following a brutal and cruel pursuit of the children.
In March 1941, the Germans decided to reduce the size of the Ghetto and closed the small Ghetto. Later they deported more and more Jews from the Ghetto to the camps. During the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising that broke out in April 1943, most of the buildings in the Ghetto streets were destroyed by the German army. The German air force, the Luftwaffe, bombed the Ghetto and destroyed most of the buildings there. The Nazis continued to wreak havoc in the Ghetto, even after they had defeated the Jewish revolt, which lasted only a month.