The square, the main square in the new city of Prague, is a center for protest and celebrations for the Czech Republic, the beating heart of the country, what is known as the "square of demonstrations," where several major events took place in the history of the Czech Republic. In 1918 the Czech Republic announced its independence. Here the Czech protested against the Nazis before they occupied Czech. Years later, this is where the end of World War II was announced. Here the Czech also demonstrated against the Communist rule, and the two students Jan Palach and his friend are commemorated here, who lit themselves on fire in protest of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and the violent Communist suppression of the "Spring of Nations" in the country.
In 1989, right here in the square, the famous protest was here, the Velvet Revolution, which eventually overthrew the Communist rule in the country and brought democracy to the Czech Republic. Look up at the balcony of house number 36, called the Melantrich Building. Now allow yourselves to imagine Václav Havel and Alexander Dubček standing next to Nablus and announcing the end of the Communist regime in the country at the end of the Velvet Revolution.
The square is packed on a daily basis, filled with tourists. However the square is also a center for night life. The majority of the city's fancy restaurants are here, with stores, and the big clubs in Prague.
In the square you can be impressed by two of its well-known symbols. The first is the bronze statue of Václav Havel, and the second is that National Museum of the Czech Republic. Both are located at the edge of the square.
Next to the statue of Václav Havel you can see more statues of other saints that are related to the city of Prague. For instance, the statue of Agnes, a 12-year-old girl, who became a saint after she refused to marry the son of the Roman ruler. Legend says that as punishment for refusing the marriage, she was thrown into the streets naked. According to faith she stayed a virgin, after an angel answered her prayers and covered her up with her hair. Agnes was later put to death, and became a saint.
Another statue is of Ludmila, the mother of Wenceslas himself, who is considered the Holy Mother of the Bohemians, who by the way, are not the warlords but the people of Bohemia, including the inhabitants of Prague.
In the square are also the statues of Adelbert, a past Bishop of Prague, and of Prokop, a Christian saint born in Jerusalem who succeeded in converting 6,000 barbarians to Christianity by presenting them with the cross.